The Traditional Ballad Index
August 31, 2022
Contents: * Abbreviations * Journals * Manuscripts Frequently Cited * List of Authors * List of Indexers
* Initials Used in the Notes *
Book titles in the Traditional Ballad Index have been abbreviated to save space. We have tried to make the abbreviations obvious. The abbreviations used are listed below.
NOTE: Unless otherwise specified, books are fully indexed, i.e. all
items in the books have been included in the Index. Some books which contain
both folk and non-folk songs have been partially indexed -- that is, only
songs known to be folk or already included in the index have been included
in the references. Partially indexed books are marked
In the list that follows, if no indexer has been listed for the book,
it means that it has not yet been fully indexed.
Care should always be taken to see whether a book is indexed by Page or by Number, i.e. the song number in the collection. (Numbers have been preferred where possible, as they are less likely to change with new editions.) In general, pages are preceded by the symbol p. or pp. (e.g. Cray-EroticMuse, pp. 1-2) and numbers are simply noted (e.g. Child 200).
For books added starting with version 1.6, the list shows the release
which first included the book (e.g. Belden-BalladsSongsCollectedByMissourFolkloreSociety was added in Release 1.6).
- 33MuchLovedSongs❖ -- A. D. Z. (Augustus D. Zanzig), 33 Much Loved Songs (Cooperative Recreative Service, Inc., 1958). Ballads cited by Page. Partially Indexed by Robert B. Waltz. Added in Version 6.3.
A standard "camp booklet" sized publication (7" x 4"). This seems to have been an important source of international folk songs for later camp songbooks.
- 48MuchLovedFolkSongs❖ -- A. D. Z. (Augustus D. Zanzig), 48 Much Loved Folk Songs (Cooperative Recreative Service, Inc. / International Recreation Congress, 1964?). Ballads cited by Page. Partially Indexed by Robert B. Waltz. Added in Version 6.3.
A standard "camp booklet" sized publication (7" x 4"). This seems to have been an important source of international folk songs for later camp songbooks.
- Abbot/Swan-8Negro❖ -- Francis H. Abbot, collector; Alfred J. Swan, editor, Eight Negro Songs (from Bedford Co., Virginia), Enoch and Sons, New York (1927). Ballads cited by Number. Partially indexed by Paul J. Stamler. Added in version 4.3.
NOTE: There is no copyright date, but two introductory notes (from Swan and Abbot respectively) are dated July 1923.
- Abernethy-SinginTexas -- Francis Edward Abernethy, Singin' Texas (University of North Texas Press, 1994). Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Robert Waltz. Added in version 4.5.
- Abrahams-DeepTheWaterShallowTheShore -- Roger D. Abrahams, Deep the Water, Shallow the Shore (1974). Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Ben Schwartz. Added in version 4.0.
NOTE: The subtitle is "Three Essays on Shantying in the West Indies." The first essay is illustrated by songs noted in "sketch books" by nineteenth century travellers to the Caribbean. The second compares shanties Abrahams collected in the north Caribbean, in Nevis in the British Leeward Islands, with those south, in Tobago just above Trinidad; whalers and traders had routinely visited the former and bypassed the latter, and Abrahams expects the songs at Nevis (1963) to have been collected elsewhere on the whaling/trading routes while the songs of Tobago (1967) would more likely have stood alone. The third essay are songs Abrahams collected among the St. Vincent "blackfish" [pilot whale] whalers; how many are local, and how many are found among songs of other whalers?
- Abrahams/Foss-AngloAmericanFolksongStyle -- Roger D. Abrahams & George Foss, Anglo-American Folksong Style (1968). Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Robert Waltz.
NOTE: This is a textbook rather than a songbook, and as such contains both fragments of songs and full songs. All the complete songs have been indexed; fragments have been indexed when they include a tune or a significant amount of text; individual stanzas or lines generally aren't indexed.
- Abrahams/Riddle-ASingerAndHerSongs -- Roger D. Abrahams, Editor (with music editor George Foss), A Singer and Her Songs: Almeda Riddle's Book of Ballads (Louisiana University Press, 1970). Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Robert Waltz. Added in version 4.1.
- Allen/Ware/Garrison-SlaveSongsUnitedStates -- William Francis Allen, Charles Pickard Ware, and Lucy McKim Garrison, Slave Songs of the United States (1867). Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Robert Waltz. Added in version 2.4.
- Anderson-ColonialMinstrel -- Hugh Anderson, The Colonial Minstrel (F. W. Cheshire, 1960). Ballads cited by Page. Partially indexed by Robert B. Waltz. Added in version 5.0.
NOTE: This is not a songbook but a biography of songwriter Charles R. Thatcher, but it contains texts of dozens of Thatcher songs, usually with the tune referenced, and it gives the songs in historical context. The book has been indexed on that basis, and because it is more accessible than the Thatcher songbooks themselves, which are extremely hard to find. The only songs indexed from this book are those which were previously indexed based on their inclusion in other song collections.
- Anderson-FarewellToOldEngland -- Hugh Anderson, Farewell to Old England (Rigby Limited, 1964). Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Robert B. Waltz. Added in v. 5.2.
This is billed as "A Broadside History of Early Australia," and the description is apt. All the songs are broadsides, and most did not go into tradition. But the book has been fully indexed to avoid trying to determine which songs belongin the Index.
- Anderson-GoldrushSongster -- Hugh Anderson, Goldrush Songster (Rams Skull Press, no date). Ballads cited by Page. Partially indexed by Robert B. Waltz. Added in version 5.0.
NOTE: This is a partial Charles R. Thatcher songbook with a short biography, primarily about Thatcher's time in Australia as opposed to New Zealand. There are so many Thatcher songs in Australian and New Zealand collections that it seemed best to index this as wel. For Thatcher's Australian songs, see also Anderson-StoryOfAustralianFolksong; for New Zealand material, the best source is Hoskins-GoldfieldBalladeer-LifeAndTimes-Charles-R-Thatcher.
- Anderson-StoryOfAustralianFolksong -- Hugh Anderson, The Story of Australian Folksong (1970). Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Robert B. Waltz. Added in version 4.0.
NOTE: The first edition of this book was published in 1955 as Colonial Ballads, and this was also the title of the second edition of 1962. The current title was first applied to the third edition of 1970, which is the one indexed here.
- Anderson/Thatcher-GoldDiggersSongbook❖ -- Hugh Anderson, editor; Charles R. Thatcher, songwriter, Charles Thatcher's Gold-Diggers' Songbook (Red Rooster (Melbourne), 1980). Ballads cited by Page. Partially Indexed by Robert B. Waltz. Added in v. 5.3.
This is a partial Charles R. Thatcher songbook with a short biography, primarily about Thatcher's time in Australia as opposed to New Zealand. There are so many Thatcher songs in Australian and New Zealand collections that it seemed best to index this as well. For Thatcher's Australian songs, see also Anderson-StoryOfAustralianFolksong; for New Zealand material, the best source is Hoskins-GoldfieldBalladeer-LifeAndTimes-Charles-R-Thatcher.
The cover gives this the sub-title "Volume 1: When First I Landed Here," but there does not seem to have been a Volume 2.
- ArkansasWoodchopper -- The Arkansas Woodchopper (Luther Ossenbrink), The Arkansas Woodchopper's World's Greatest Collection of Cowboy Songs with Yodel Arrangements (M. M. Cole, 1931?). Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Robert B. Waltz. Added in v. 5.2.
- Arnett-IHearAmericaSinging❖ -- Hazel Arnett, I Hear America Singing! Great Folk Songs from the Revolution to Rock (1975). Ballads cited by Page. Partially Indexed by Robert Waltz.
NOTE: The final section of this book ("Atomic Age to Space Age," pp. 179-225) consists entirely of composed material that does not appear to have entered oral tradition, and has not been indexed.
- Arnold-FolkSongsofAlabama -- Byron Arnold, Folksongs of Alabama (University of Alabama Press, 1950). Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Robert B. Waltz. Added in version 4.2.
- Ashton-RealSailorSongs❖ -- John Ashton,
Real Sailor-Songs, collected and edited by John Ashton. Ballads cited by Number. Partially Indexed by Robert Waltz. Added in v. 3.2.
NOTE: This is a collection of reprints of broadsides, not of field collections, with the broadsides numbered but with un-numbered inserts, so finding songs is very difficult. It is made even more difficult in the 2006 D. N. Goodchild reprint, which cuts off most of the song numbers. You may have to refer to the Table of Contents to find the approximate location of the song.
- Averill-CampSongsFolkSongs❖ -- Patricial Averill, Camp Songs, Folk Songs (Xlibris, 2014). Ballads cited by Page. Partially Indexed by Robert B. Waltz. Added in Version 6.3.
This is not a songbook; it is a dissertation about camp songs. But most of these fit the definition of folk songs, since they were passed on orally, so the book is indexed to give a reference for the songs. But the book itself has no index, and no list of songs, just of chapters. (This even though a song will often be referred to dozens of times across many different pages!) This makes it very hard to index the book. All of the few song texts have been indexed, but mentions of songs are cited only where they are identifiable and are either cited as common by Averill or are known to be folk songs based on other sources.
The references in this database, nonetheless, constitute at least a partial song index to Averill's index-less book.
Averill, when she cites a song, typically gives a title and a frequency count, e.g. on p. 51 we find a citation of "'Jacob's Ladder' (46)." This means that 46 of the camps and sources Averill queried included or knew "Jacob's Ladder," which is in the Index as "Jacob's Ladder (I)." There are four other mentions of the song, on pp. 175, 400, 402, 515, Since Averill does not cite any text, this is entered into the Index as
Averill-CampSongsFolkSongs, pp. 51, 175, 400, 402, 515, "Jacob's Ladder" (notes only)
This is to inform the user of the Index that the song is in Averill's database but that no text is supplied.
Although every song known to be a traditional song has been cited, deciding when to include a song which is not otherwise known to be a folk song posed a difficult problem. I don't consider one or two mentions to be evidence of existence in tradition! My cutoff was six versions mentioned by Averill, even though this sometimes meant including songs that I really don't think went into tradition.
Because Averill cites songs only by title -- and is far from consistent about the titles she uses for songs; it is not unknown for her to use two different titles on the same page! and I have known her to use as many as four titles for a song -- it is not always possible to know what song she means. There are more than a few instances where I honestly think she cites a deliberately obscure title just to make it harder to use her book. So I have been forced to omit a few songs songs which I could not identify, even though I eventually acquired 11 old print books, and nine recent PDF songbooks, from scouting and camping organizations. I have tried harder to identify those with more versions; I think I managed to find every song she cited 12 or more times, and the vast majority of those cited nine or more times; even for those with just six citations, I think I found better than 90%.
It should be noted that there are certain errors in folk song history in Averill's work, e.g. on p. 60 she says that the Almanac Singers became The Weavers when Woody Guthrie became ill and Fred Hellerman and Ronnie Gilbert joined the group. Of course the connection between the Almanacs and The Weavers is intimate, but the Almanacs were long out of existence before The Weavers formed, and Guthrie was still touring/rambling when the Weavers made their first recordings. I have not checked every one of Averill's assertions, but I noted a number of similar small errors. She also tells us, e.g., the key signature for "The Mermaid" [Child 289], as if everyone sang it in the same key!
As you can probably tell, I found this book extremely hard to use and irritating.
The book is searchable on Google Books though it doesn't offer a proper preview. The search function won't let you see the whole book, but it will show you the immediate context, and since Averill rarely spends more than a sentence or two on a particular song, this might be enough to let you look up what you need.
There is also an online index of songs at
This has both a topical and an alphabetical index. However, it has a number of defects -- it omits many songs, it frequently fails to note all the different titles Averill uses, and it sometimes skips over references to songs that it does include. But it may be useful as a supplementary resource.
A number of books have been (partially) indexed as sources of the camp songs cited by Averill. These include:
- Bailey/Roth-ShantiesByTheWay-NZ -- Rona Bailey & Herbert Roth, editors, Shanties by the Way (1967). Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Robert B. Waltz. Added in version 4.3.
NOTE: This calls itself "A Selection of New Zealand Popular Songs and Ballads," implying that it is primarily composed, many of them folk songs. In fact it is mostly a selection of poetry by non-professional poets, although it has some folk songs also (it seems to have been the first attempt to publish a collection of New Zealand folk works). It probably should have been indexed in part rather than in full, but I didn't know that when I started indexing it.... New Zealand books with these sorts of problems are Bailey/Roth-ShantiesByTheWay-NZ, Colquhoun-NZ-Folksongs-SongOfAYoungCountry, Cleveland-NZ-GreatNewZealandSongbook, and Garland-FacesInTheFirelight-NZ. Those who wish to search for all the New Zealand songbooks can search for "-NZ" or for "NZ" in the references in the Ballad Index software.
- Baring-Gould-AnnotatedMotherGoose❖ -- William S. Baring-Gould and Ceil (yes, that's "Ceil") Baring-Gould, The Annotated Mother Goose, 1962. Ballads cited by Number and Page. Partially Indexed by Robert Waltz. Added in v. 2.1.
NOTE: This isn't a songbook as such, and sources are indicated in murky ways at best. But there is so much that is related to traditional song (some 200 items) that I indexed it as best I could. The annotations are frequently useful, if far from complete.
- Barry/Eckstorm/Smyth-BritishBalladsFromMaine -- Phillips Barry, Fannie Hardy Eckstorm, and Mary Winslow Smyth, British Ballads from Maine (1929). Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Robert Waltz. Added in version 1.7.
- Barton-OldPlantationHymns -- William E. Barton, Old Plantation Hymns (Lamson, Wolffe and Co., Boston ("Digitized by Internet Archive"), 1899). Ballads cited by Page. Fully Indexed by Ben Schwartz. Added in Version 4.0.
Now available on Google Books.
- Beck-FolkloreOfMaine -- Horace P. Beck, The Folklore of Maine (1957). Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Robert B. Waltz. Added in v. 2.6.
- Beck-LoreOfTheLumberCamps -- E. C. (Earl Clifton) Beck, Lore of the Lumber Camps (University of Michigan Press, 1948). Ballads cited by Number. Indexed by Robert B. Waltz. Added in v. 5.2.
- Beck-SongsOfTheMichiganLumberjacks -- Earl Clifton Beck, Songs of the Michigan Lumberjacks (1941). Ballads cited by Number. Indexed by Paul J. Stamler.
- Beck-TheyKnewPaulBunyan -- E. C. (Earl Clifton) Beck, They Knew Paul Bunyan (University of Michigan Press, 1956). Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Robert B. Waltz. Added in v. 5.0.
- Behan-IrelandSings -- Dominic Behan, Ireland Sings, (1973). Ballads cited by Number. Partially indexed by Robert Waltz. Added in version 3.2.
NOTE: All the songs in this volume are either composed (usually by Behan or Wolfe Stephens) or are listed as rewritten to some degree by Behan. Unfortunately, he does not indicate to what degree. Songs which are recognizably variants of traditional songs are indexed; those which are listed as composed are not; those which Behan says are traditional but which do not seem to appear in other anthologies are included if they seem as if they might be traditional.
- Belden-BalladsSongsCollectedByMissourFolkloreSociety -- H. M. Belden, Ballads and Songs Collected by the Missouri Folk-Lore Society (1955). Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Robert Waltz. Added in v. 1.6.
- Bell-Combined-EarlyBallads-CustomsBalladsSongsPeasantryEngland -- Robert Bell, editor, Early Ballads Illustrative of History, Traditions, and Customs and Ballads and Songs of the Peasantry of England, single volume combined edition (1877), reissued by Singing Bell Press, 1968. Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Robert Waltz (omitting a few non-traditional pieces). Added in version 2.8.
NOTE: A very large fraction of the material in Bell is derived from the works of Dixon. Bell has rearranged, changed the notes, and added and dropped some items, but where Dixon and Bell are both cited, Dixon is generally the source for Bell and presumably should be examined first.
- Bennett/Downey-JeromeJustOneMoreSong -- Margaret Bennett, Jerome Just One More Song (Grange of Locherlour: Grace Note Publications, 2012). Ballads cited by Page and Track Reference Number. Indexed by Ben Schwartz. Added in v. 3.6.
NOTE: A collection of the Newfoundland singer Jerome Downey. Includes a CD, cited as NFJDowney01.
- Berry-FolkSongsOfOldVincennes -- Cecilia Ray Berry, Folk Songs of Old Vincennes, 1946. French Texts collected by Anna C. O'Flynn and Joseph Medard Carrière. English Versions by Frederic Burget and Libushka Bartusek. Introduction and Notes by Joseph Medard Carrière. Melodies Collected and Harmonized by Cecelia Ray Berry. Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Paul J. Stamler. Added in v. 2.5.
NOTE: While Carrière seems to have done the collecting and the scholarly work, Berry's name is the only one listed on the cover, as "Edited by," so I'm giving the entries her name. Something's fishy, though. [And, yes, the cover page spells Berry's name] "Cecilia" and the title page "Cecelia."- PJS
- Bethke-AdirondackVoices -- Robert D. Bethke, Adirondack Voices: Woodsmen and Woods Lore, Syracuse University Press (1981). Ballads cited by Name. Indexed by Robert B. Waltz. Added in version 5.1.
- Blondahl-NewfoundlandersSing -- Omar Blondahl, Newfoundlanders, Sing! (1964). Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Ben Schwartz. Added in version 2.0.
NOTE: If you want to understand Omar Blondahl's place in the Newfoundland revival read Omar Blondahl's Contribution to the Newfoundland Folksong Canon by Neil Rosenberg in Canadian Journal for Traditional Music, 1991, Vol 19 available at the site of Canadian Journal for Traditional Music Archives. See also LP Recordings of Traditional Newfoundland Music by Michael Taft in Canadian Journal for Traditional Music, 1974, Vol 2 available at the site of Canadian Journal for Traditional Music Archives. There is a brief biography of Omar Blondahl in the Encyclopedia of Music in Canada.
(I have not indexed "Robin Hood Song," Blondahl p. 61, a song Blondahl wrote about the book's sponsor: Robin Hood Flour Mills Limited; that song was in the center signature which is missing from my copy of the book, not available from any of my sources including Robin Hood Flour Mills Limited, and would probably have been omitted in any case. - BS)
- Boette-SingaHipsyDoodle -- Marie Boette, Singa Hipsy Doodle And Other Folk Songs of West Virginia (Junior League of Parkersburg, 1971). Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Robert Waltz. Added in v. 4.3.
- Bone-CapstanBars -- David Bone, Capstan Bars (1932). Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Robert Waltz. Added in v. 2.1.
- Botkin-TreasuryOfAmericanFolklore❖ -- B. A. Botkin, A Treasury of American Folklore (1944). Ballads cited by Page. Partially Indexed by Robert Waltz.
NOTE: Botkin contains occasional odds and ends of songs throughout, but only the sections devoted specifically to music (Part Six, Sections I ("Singing and Play-Party Games") and II ("Ballads and Songs"), pp. 803-918) have been indexed.
- Botkin-TreasuryMississippiRiverFolklore❖ -- B. A. Botkin, A Treasury of Mississippi River Folklore (1955). Ballads cited by Page. Partially Indexed by Nathan Rose.
NOTE: Botkin contains occasional odds and ends of songs throughout, but only the section devoted specifically to music (Part Nine ("Where the Blues Begin"), pp. 556-598) has been indexed.
- Botkin-TreasuryOfNewEnglandFolklore❖ -- B. A. Botkin, A Treasury of New England Folklore (1965). Ballads cited by Page. Partially Indexed by Robert Waltz.
NOTE: Botkin contains occasional odds and ends of songs throughout, but only the section devoted specifically to music (Part Five, Section I ("Ballads and Songs"), pp. 526-590) has been indexed.
- Botkin-TreasuryOfSouthernFolklore❖ -- B. A. Botkin, A Treasury of Southern Folklore (1949; reprinted 1977). Ballads cited by Page. Partially Indexed by Nathan Rose.
- Botkin/Harlow-TreasuryOfRailroadFolklore❖ -- B. A. Botkin and Alvin F. Harlow, eds., A Treasury of Railroad Folklore: The Stories, Tall Tales, Traditions, Ballads and Songs of the American Railroad Men (1953). Ballads cited by Page. Partially Indexed by Nathan Rose.
- BoyScoutSongbook1997❖ -- (no author listed), Boy Scout Songbook (Boy Scouts of America, 1970, 1997). Ballads cited by Page. Partially Indexed by Robert B. Waltz. Added in Version 6.3.
First edition 1970; revised 1997; the edition indexed is the 2001 printing of the 1997 edition.
- Brand-BawdySeaSong -- Oscar Brand (?), Bawdy Sea Songs / Salty X Rated Sea Songs (Sea Heritage Foundation, ?). Ballads cited by Number. Fully Indexed by Robert B. Waltz. Added in Version 6.1.
This is a pamphlet, not a full book, and it lists no sources. It's not even clear that Oscar Brand wrote it, or if the editors simply took songs from his repertoire. And it's not nearly as dirty as it sounds. But many of these songs have been censored, so it is included as a source of perhaps occasionally better texts
I note however that almost everything it contains is paralleled in Kinsey-SongsOfTheSea (and often nowhere else). Since this pamphlet has no date, I cannot prove which came first, but Kinsey is probably a more useful reference, since it has tunes and background notes.
- Brewster-BalladsAndSongsOfIndiana -- Paul G. Brewster, Ballads and Songs of Indiana (1940). Ballads cited by Number. Indexed by Robert Waltz. Added in v. 1.7.
- Broadwood-EnglishTraditionalSongsAndCarols -- Lucy E. Broadwood, English Traditional Songs and Carols (Boosey & Co/Nabu Reprints, 1908). Ballads cited by Page. Fully Indexed by Robert Waltz. Added in Version 2.8.
Now available on Google Books.
- Broadwood/Maitland-EnglishCountySongs -- Lucy E. Broadwood and J. R. Maitland, editors, English County Songs (London, 1893?). Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Ben Schwartz. Added in v. 2.6.
- Brocklebank/Kindersley-DorsetBookOfFolkSongs -- Joan Brocklebank and Biddie Kindersley, A Dorset Book of Folk Songs (English Folk Dance & Song Society, 1948). Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Robert B. Waltz. Added in Version 5.1.
- Bronner/Eskin-FolksongAlivePart1 -- Simon J. Bronner, editor, "Folksong Alive: The Field Collection of Sam Eskin Part I," Midwestern Folklore Volume 38, Numbers 1/2 (Spring/Fall 2012). Ballads cited by Number. Indexed by Ben Schwartz. Added in v. 3.5.
- Bronner/Eskin-FolksongAlivePart2 -- Simon J. Bronner, editor, "Folksong Alive: The Field Collection of Sam Eskin Part II," Midwestern Folklore Volume 39, Numbers 1/2 (Spring/Fall 2013). Ballads cited by Number. Indexed by Ben Schwartz. Added in v. 3.5.
- Bronson -- Bertrand H. Bronson, The Traditional Tunes of the Child Ballads (1959-1972). Ballads cited by (Child) Number. Indexed by Abby Sale.
- Bronson-SingingTraditionOfChildsPopularBallads -- Bertrand H. Bronson, The Singing Tradition of Child's Popular Ballads (1976). Ballads cited by (Child) Number. Indexed by Robert Waltz. Added in v. 4.1.
NOTE: This is an abridgment of Bronson's magnum opus, with at least one tune for most of the ballads but almost never more than six. It uses the same version numbers as the major work; these numbers are noted in the Ballad Index entries to allow inter-reference.
- Brophy/Partridge-TommiesSongsAndSlang -- John Brophy and Eric Partridge, [The Daily Telegraph] Dictionary of Tommies' Songs and Slang, 1914-18 (1930, 1965; references are to the 2008 Frontline Books edition). Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Robert Waltz. Added in version 4.5.
NOTE: There have been at least three editions of this book, from 1931 (as Songs and Slang of the British Soldier 1914-1918), revised mostly by Brophy in 1965 ("The Long Trail"), and 2008 (The Daily Telegraph Dictionary of Tommies' Songs and Slang, 1914-18, with a new introduction by Malcolm Brown). The 1965 edition is somewhat fuller than that of 1930/1931; the 2008 edition differs in layout but hardly in content (except for the introduction and final note explaining the book's history). The Ballad Index entries are based on the 2008 edition, since it is the newest and presumably most accessible. Sadly, the editions do not include an index of titles and first lines, but just about everything in the 2008 edition is in the 1965 edition. Page citations can be taken from the Roud Index.
- The Frank C. Brown Collection:
- Brown/Belden/Hudson-FrankCBrownCollectionNCFolklore2 -- Henry M. Belden and Arthur Palmer Hudson, Eds, The Frank C. Brown Collection of North Carolina Folklore, Volume Two: Folk Ballads from North Carolina (1952). Ballads cited by Number. Indexed by Robert Waltz. Added in v. 1.6.
- Brown/Belden/Hudson-FrankCBrownCollectionNCFolklore3 -- Henry M. Belden and Arthur Palmer Hudson, Eds, The Frank C. Brown Collection of North Carolina Folklore, Volume Three: Folk Songs from North Carolina (1952). Ballads cited by Number. Indexed by Robert Waltz. Added in v. 1.6.
- Brown/Schinhan-FrankCBrownCollectionNCFolklore4 -- Jan Philip Schinhan, Editor, The Frank C. Brown Collection of North Carolina Folklore, Volume Four: The Music of the Ballads (1957). Ballads cited by Number. Indexed by Robert Waltz. Added in v. 2.7.
- Brown/Schinhan-FrankCBrownCollectionNCFolklore5 -- Jan Philip Schinhan, Editor, The Frank C. Brown Collection of North Carolina Folklore, Volume Five: The Music of the Folk Songs (1962). Ballads cited by Number (the game songs at the end of the book have no numbers and are indexed by page). Indexed by Robert Waltz. Added in v. 4.1.
- Brown-MyGrandmothersSongbook -- Caroline Curtis Brown, My Grandmother's Song Book (Gerald Howe Ltd., 1927). Ballads cited by Number (the book doesn't even have page numbers). Indexed by Robert Waltz. Added in version 4.5.
- Brown/Robbins-IndexOfMiddleEnglishVerse❖ -- Carleton Brown and Rossell Hope Robbins, The Index of Middle English Verse (The Index Society, Columbia University Press (New York), 1943). Ballads cited by Number. Partially Indexed by Robert B. Waltz. Added in v. 5.3.
This is not a source of texts, but it is the first major catalog of Middle English poetry, and most good anthologies will include Index references, usually in the form "Index # such-and-such" or "IMEV # such-and such." Thus knowing an IMEV number is the key to unlocking many bibliographic references.
The Index is an alphabetical list of texts (based on first line of the first verse; if a song has a refrain, that is not indexed, even if the manuscript indicates the refrain is to be sung before the first verse), starting with "A blessid Ihū [I(e)h(s)u(s), Jesus] hough fortunyd this" and running through "Z" and some pieces which have lost their openings.
There is a supplementary volume, Rossell Hope Robbins and John L. Cutler, "Supplement to the Index of Middle English Verse," University of Kentucky Press, 1965. This adds additional bibliography to the extant Index, plus it inserts some new poetry entries, using decimal points to preserve the alphabetical sequence. Thus the first entry is 0.1, "A for Alyn Mallson þat was armyde in a matt." These supplemental numbers are still considered "IMEV numbers."
An additional important reference is Richard Hamer, "A Manuscript Index to the Index of Middle English Verse," The British Library, 1995; this will allow you to start from the manuscript and find the items in the Index. Thus you can look up, for instance, London, British Library Additional 27879 (the Percy Folio) and learn that the pieces from the Folio that are contained in the Index are 467/2 (that is, it's the second item under #467, which is "The Nut-Brown Maid," filed under the line "Be it right or wronge"), 603/1, 638/1, etc.
The Digital Index of Middle English Verse, based on the Brown/Robbins Index but more complete, created a new alphabetical numbering but cross-references IMEV numbers; for those who cannot locate the Brown/Robbins Index, it is a convenient place to look up IMEV numbers. See its entry in this Index or visit:
https://www.dimev.net/index.html (home page)
https://www.dimev.net/Search.php (search page).
- Browne-AlabamaFolkLyric -- Ray B. Browne, The Alabama Folk Lyric: A Study in Origins and Media of Dissemination (Bowling Green University Popular Press, 1979 -- but collected in 1952-1953 and mostly written by 1956). Ballads cited by Number. Indexed by Robert Waltz. Added in version 4.3
- Browne-FolkSongsOfOldHampshire -- John Paddy Browne, Folk Songs of Old Hampshire (Milestone Publications, 1987). Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Robert B. Waltz. Added in version 5.0.
NOTE: This book rarely indicates sources, and includes several items explicitly credited to modern authors, so the authenticity of some of the others is dubious, but there are also unquestionably traditional pieces, so all the songs have been indexed.
- Brumley-LamplitinTimeInTheValley -- (Albert E. Brumley?), Lamplitin' Time in the Valley: Songs and Ballads (Albert E. Brumley & Sons, 1977). Ballads cited by Number. Fully Indexed by Robert B. Waltz. Added in Version 6.2.
The book is cited by song numbers, but there is no song #1, and most songs occupy a single page, so the song numbers appear to be page numbers. But there are a few instances where songs spill across facing pages, so technically they aren't page numbers.
Note that the sheet music is generally given four part harmonies in shape note notation. It looks like a shape note hymnal. Based on the copyrights, it appears much of the arrangement work behind this songbook was done in 1966 for adifferent songbook (probably "Lamplitin' Songs," which seems to have had very similar contents).
Although all songs in the book are indexed, a poem (#24, Somebody's Mother) has been omitted. The book is an odd mix of very well-known songs and songs by Albert E. Brumley; the latter are mostly semi-religious, extremely sentimental (frankly they disgusted me), have a strong tendency to mention cabins and mother, and are rare in tradition although many were recorded by semi-commercial gospel groups.
- Buchan-ABookOfScottishBallads -- David Buchan, A Book of Scottish Ballads. Ballads cited by Number. Indexed by Nathan Rose.
NOTE: Buchan has taken the tunes for the ballads directly from printed sources -- e.g. the tunes of the Child ballads are copied directly from Bronson, including conjectures.
- Buchan/Moreira-TheGlenbuchatBallads -- David Buchan and James Moreira, editors, The Glenbuchat Ballads (2007, based on the Rev. Robert Scott's collections of c. 1818). Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Robert B. Waltz. Added in v. 2.6.
- Burt-AmericanMurderBallads❖ -- Olive Woolley Burt, American Murder Ballads and Their Stories (1958). Ballads cited by Page. Partially Indexed by Robert Waltz. Added in v. 1.8.
NOTE: This is a very inconsistent book, citing scraps of doggerel along with genuine songs, and with inconsistent (and sometimes highly inaccurate) notes. Much that is included is clearly not traditional. And much of what is included has had large sections chopped out. Nonetheless I have indexed everything which appears it might be traditional, even if only excerpted.
- Burton-TennesseeTraditionalSingers -- Thomas G. Burton, editor, Tennessee Traditional Singers: Tom Ashley, Sam McGee, Bukka White (with chapters by Ambrose N. Manning and Minnie M. Miller, Charles K. Wolfe, and F. Jack Hurley and David Evans), University of Tennessee Press, 1981. Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Robert Waltz. Added in version 2.8.
- Burton/Manning-EastTennesseeStateCollectionVol1 -- Thomas G. Burton and Ambrose N. Manning, (The East Tennessee State University Collection of Folklore:) Folksongs [First of what proved to be two volumes] (Research Advisory Council of East Tennessee State University, 1967). Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Robert B. Waltz. Added in v. 5.1.
- Burton/Manning-EastTennesseeStateCollectionVol2 -- Thomas G. Burton and Ambrose N. Manning, (The East Tennessee State University Collection of Folklore:) Folksongs II (Research Advisory Council of East Tennessee State University, 1969). Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Robert B. Waltz. Added in v. 5.1.
- Bush-FSofCentralWestVirginiaVol1 through Bush-FSofCentralWestVirginiaVol5 -- Michael E. Bush, Folk Songs of Central West Virginia (Volume 1), Volume 2, Volume 3, Volume 4, Volume 5 (Custom Printing Company of Ravenswood, West Virginia, 1969). Ballads cited by Page. Fully Indexed by Robert B. Waltz. Added in v. 6.0.
This eventually became a five volume set (1969-1977), all hand-written, hand-transcribed, spiral-bound, and apparently privately published.
- Butterworth/Dawney-PloughboysGlory -- The Ploughboy's Glory, a selection of hitherto unpublished folk songs collected by George Butterworth edited from the Butterworth manuscripts by Michael Dawney (1977; the collections are mostly from 1910-1914). Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Robert B. Waltz. Added in version 2.5.
- Byington/Goldstein-TwoPennyBallads -- Robert H. Byington and Kenneth S. Goldstein, Editors, Two Penny Ballads and Four Dollar Whiskey (Folklore Associates, 1966). Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Robert B. Waltz. Added in version 4.5.
- Cambiaire-EastTennesseeWestVirginiaMountainBallads -- Celestin Pierre Cambiaire, East Tennessee and Western Virginia Mountain Ballads (The Last Stand of American Pioneer Civilization) (1933?). Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Robert Waltz. Added in v. 2.3.
NOTE: If you think the title is pompous and silly -- yep, it is. And it is reflected in Cambiaire's introduction, which shows little understanding of folklore but a fierce allegiance to the quality of his material. And Cambiaire includes some of his own poetry, which naturally is not indexed. No sources are cited for most of the songs. All in all, a very irritating book, but one with many interesting texts. One observation about using the book: Cambiaire numbers most of the songs, but not all, so the book has had to be indexed by page. But the song numbers and page numbers are very close together at the tops of the pages, so the possibility of confusion exists.
- Carawan/Carawan-AintYouGotARight -- Guy Carawan and Candie Carawan, Ain't You Got a Right to the Tree of Life? (The University of Georgia Press, Athens, Georgia, 1966). Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Ben Schwartz. Added in version 4.0.
NOTE: This is not a song book. It is about John Islanders and their heritage. The songs are incidental to the biographies and stories told by the islanders. Most of the songs are presented with no further context. Recordings indexed as BeenStorm1, USSeaIsland01 and USSeaIsland02 can be considered an accompaniment to the book. Of the 17 tracks on BeenStorm1, 8 are in the book. Of the 13 tracks on USSeaIsland01, 3 are in the book. While no tracks of USSeaIsland02 are in the book, that collection presents parts of a single celebration -- Christmas Watch, 1964 -- and so gives a fuller context for its songs than you get from the recordings. The liner notes for USSeaIsland01 include a reprint from Sing Out vol. 14, No. 2, by Guy Carawan that describes a single "watch," and so gives a picture of the kind of celebration you can appreciate a little by listening to USSeaIsland02.
- Carey-MarylandFolkLegendsAndFolkSongs -- George G. Carey, Maryland Folk Legends and Folk Songs, Tidewater Publishers, 1971. Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Robert Waltz. Added in version 3.8.
- Carey-MarylandFolkloreAndFolklife -- George G. Carey, Maryland Folklore and Folklife, Tidewater Publishers, 1970. Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Robert Waltz. Added in version 3.8.
- Cazden/Haufrecht/Studer-FolkSongsOfTheCatskills -- Norman Cazden, Herbert Haufrecht, Norman Studer, Folk Songs of the Catskills (State University of New York Press, 1982). Ballads cited by Number.. Fully Indexed by Robert Waltz.
There is a supplementary volume to this book by the same authors, Notes and Sources for Folk Songs of the Catskills, also from 1982.
- Chambers-ScottishBallads❖ -- Robert Chambers, The Scottish Ballads (Ballantyne and Company (replublished by AMS Press, 1974), 1829). Ballads cited by Page. Partially Indexed by Robert B. Waltz. Added in Version 4.0.
Chambers's book is in four parts, Historical ballads, Ballads supposed to refer to real circumstances, Romantic ballads, and Imitations. These boundaries are artificial; many of the texts in the first three parts are heavily composite and of dubious place in tradition. But all texts in these parts have been indexed, along with such pieces in Part IV as have turned up in other traditional collections.
Now available on Google Books.
- ChansonsDeNotreChalet❖ -- Marion A. Roberts, editor, Chansons de Notre Chalet ((Cooperative Recreative Service, Inc.), 1957). Ballads cited by Page. Partially Indexed by Robert B. Waltz. Added in Version 6.3.
A standard "camp booklet" sized publication (7" x 4"). References are to the second edition of 1959. The chalet of the title was an actual place in Adelboden, Switzerland, so the book is multilingual, with songs in many languages and a short preface in English, French, and German (though the acknowledgments are in English only, and the majority have English texts. There are exceptions -- some of them odd, such as one listed as a "Czech Folksong" with words only in French). Other texts occur in languages as diverse as Italian, Dutch, Swedish, and even some African languages. Although this would make it sound like a specialized book, apparently many camps borrowed their international songs from it. This and "Songs of Many Nations" seem to be the main sources of foreign songs in camp songbooks.
- Chappell-FolkSongsOfRoanokeAndTheAlbermarle -- Louis W. Chappell, Folk-Songs of Roanoke and the Albemarle (1939). Ballads cited by Number. Indexed by Robert Waltz. Added in v. 1.7.
- Chappell-PopularMusicOfTheOldenTime❖ -- William Chappell, (The Ballad Literature and) Popular Music of the Olden Time (Chappell & Co / Dover, 1859 (Dover edition 1965)). Ballads cited by Page. Partially Indexed by Robert B. Waltz. Added in Version 6.2.
Two volumes, originally published 1859; republished by Dover 1965 with a new introduction by Frederick W. Sternfeld. The pagination is continuous; Volume I runs through page 384, with volume 2 starting with page 385.
Some of the airs in this edition were revised by Chappell to conform to his notions of modality. More correct versions, with some additional information, can be found in the book indexed as Chappell/Wooldridge-OldEnglishPopularMusic. However, this omits large portions of the words and commentary; sadly, a student really needs both editions.
- Chappell/Wooldridge-OldEnglishPopularMusic❖ -- William Chappell, Old English Popular Music. Revised by H. Ellis Wooldridge (1893). Ballads cited by Volume and Page of the two-volume edition (now published in one volume, but the pagination follows the two-volume edition). Partially Indexed by Robert Waltz.
NOTE: Various editions of Chappell have appeared, under various titles; other than the original, this is probably the most widely accessible; sadly, while it gives the tunes in correct modes, it omits most of the lyrics and all of the songs known only from tradition, meaning that a student of Chappell needs both the original and this edition.
- Chase-AmericanFolkTalesAndSongs -- Richard Chase, American Folk Tales and Songs (1956). Ballads cited by Page. With some exceptions, only pieces with both texts and tunes have been indexed. Indexed by Robert Waltz.
- Child -- Francis James Child, The English and Scottish Popular Ballads (1882-1898). Ballads cited by Number. Indexed by Robert Waltz; descriptions by Robert Waltz, Karen Kaplan, and Nathan Rose
- Cleveland-NZ-GreatNewZealandSongbook❖ -- Les Cleveland, The Great New Zealand Songbook (1991). Ballads cited by Page. Partially indexed by Robert B. Waltz. Added in version 4.3.
NOTE: This treats itself as a folk song book, but much of the material is admitted to be modern, and much else is dubious; Cleveland gives a date for each song but only intermittently lists the source (usually listing the source when it is not a traditional source). This makes it hard to guess what is really folk. I have generally listed pieces with an early printing date or those listed as anonymous. But it's only guesswork; the book is indexed because New Zealand songbooks are so few, but if there were any good ones, I wouldn't have indexed this. There were two earlier books (Bailey/Roth-ShantiesByTheWay-NZ and Colquhoun-NZ-Folksongs-SongOfAYoungCountry) which Cleveland cites, but he seems to have learned nothing from them. New Zealand books with these sorts of problems are Bailey/Roth-ShantiesByTheWay-NZ, Colquhoun-NZ-Folksongs-SongOfAYoungCountry, Cleveland-NZ-GreatNewZealandSongbook, and Garland-FacesInTheFirelight-NZ. Those who wish to search for all the New Zealand songbooks can search for "-NZ" or for "NZ" in the references in the Ballad Index software.
- Cohen-AmericanFolkSongsARegionalEncyclopedia1 and Cohen-AmericanFolkSongsARegionalEncyclopedia2 -- Norm Cohen, American Folk Songs: A Regional Encyclopedia, in two volumes (2008). Volume 1 cited as Cohen-AmericanFolkSongsARegionalEncyclopedia1; Volume 2 as Cohen-AmericanFolkSongsARegionalEncyclopedia1, but the pagination is continuous. Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Robert B. Waltz. Added in v. 2.7.
- Cohen-LongSteelRail -- Norm Cohen, Long Steel Rail (1981/2001). Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Robert Waltz. Added in v. 2.2.
- Cohen/Seeger/Wood-NewLostCityRamblersSongbook -- John Cohen, Mike Seeger, and Hally Wood Old Time String Band Songbook (1964). Previously published as The New Lost City Ramblers Songbook. Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Paul J. Stamler.
- Colcord-SongsOfAmericanSailormen -- Joanna C. Colcord, Songs of American Sailormen (1938; revised and expanded version of Roll and Go, 1924). Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Susan Lawlor. Added in version 2.2
- Coleman/Bregman-SongsOfAmericanFolks -- Satis N. Coleman and Adolph Bregman, Songs of American Folks, illustrated by Alanson Hewes (c. 1942?). Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Robert B. Waltz. Added in version 3.2.
- Cologne/Morrison-WiltshireFolkSongs -- Celia Cologne, arranger; Jean Morrison, researcher, Wiltshire Folk Song, (1981). Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Robert B. Waltz. Added in version 4.2.
A curiosity. This is a ring-bound reproduction of hand-written sheet music, and does not even really list a publisher. Nor is it clear which of the authors selected the songs. The material is from older collections.
- Colonial-Dames-AmericanWarSongs❖ -- National Committee for the Preservation of Existing Records of the National Society of the Colonial Dames of America, American War Songs (Privately printed/Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 1925). Ballads cited by Page. Partially Indexed by Robert B. Waltz. Added in Version 6.1.
Now available on Google Books.
- Colquhoun-NZ-Folksongs-SongOfAYoungCountry -- Neil Colquhoun, New Zealand Folksongs: Song of a Young Country (third edition 2010; second edition 1972; first edition 1965). Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Robert B. Waltz. Second edition added in version 4.3; third edition added in version 4.4.
NOTE: This book has a long and curious history which affects its citations. There was a "first edition" published in 1965, but it was little more than a private printing; few copies still exist. The second edition, from 1972, was much more substantial, and it was a widely distributed book. But it was also the first serious attempt at a book of New Zealand folk songs, and it had its rough edges -- there is a list of sources at the back, but it rarely lists where or when or how a song was collected. And a few of the songs are composed, and others had tunes created by Neil Colquhoun. So I have not cited the songs in the book as being found in New Zealand unless there is a specific reason to think they are. I have however indexed all the songs, even when I doubt their folk status. About half the songs were recorded, by revival performers, on the album indexed as NZSongYngCntry.
Many of the problems listed above were corrected in the third edition of 2010, which has much more detailed notes; as well as increasing the size of the book by more than half. The 1972 edition had 51 songs. The 2010 edition has 75. Three songs from the second edition -- "Te Kooti," "The Maori's Wool," and "Drinking Rum and Raspberry" -- were dropped for the third edition, and 27 news songs added.
Ordinarily we would either cite both editions or would cite only the third. However, the second edition is by far the most widely distributed -- if you find a copy in an American or British library, it is almost certainly the second; I had to order my copy of the third edition from a New Zealand supplier, and I have never found it listed by a library outside New Zealand. And, except for three songs, every song in the second edition is in the 2010 edition also. So all citations of this book are to the 2010 edition, but with a notation of the song's location in the 1972 edition if it is in there. So, for instance, the entry for "Davy Lowston" reads
Colquhoun-NZ-Folksongs-SongOfAYoungCountry, p. 14, "Davy Lowston" (1 text, 1 tune) (p. 7 in the 1972 edition)
This means that it is on p. 14 in the 2010 edition, p. 7 in the 1972 edition, and that it has a single text and tune in both editions. If there is no reference to the 1972 edition, as, e.g.,
Colquhoun-NZ-Folksongs-SongOfAYoungCountry, p. 48, "Off to the Diggings" (1 text, 1 tune)
this means that the song is found only in the 2010 edition, where it is found on p. 48. (As a side note, if you want to get this book, even though used copies of the second edition are cheaper than a new copy of the 2010 edition, I strongly recommend getting the later, less because of the new songs -- many of which are composed -- than because of the accurate source notes.)
New Zealand songbooks with the sorts of source note problems described here are Bailey/Roth-ShantiesByTheWay-NZ, Colquhoun-NZ-Folksongs-SongOfAYoungCountry, Cleveland-NZ-GreatNewZealandSongbook, and Garland-FacesInTheFirelight-NZ. Those who wish to search for all the New Zealand songbooks can search for "-NZ" or for "NZ" in the references in the Ballad Index software.
- Combs/Wilgus-FolkSongsOfTheSouthernUnitedStates -- Josiah H. Combs (Edited by D. K. Wilgus), Folk-Songs of the Southern United States (1967; English version of Folk-Songs du Midi-des États-Unis, 1925). Ballads cited by Combs Number and by Page. Indexed by Robert Waltz.
- Copper-ASongForEverySeason -- Bob Copper, A Song for Every Season, (first edition, 1971). Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Robert B. Waltz. Added in version 4.0.
- Copper-SongsAndSouthernBreezes -- Bob Copper, Songs & Southern Breezes: Country Folk & Country Ways (Foreword by John Arlott; 1973). Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Robert Waltz.
- Courlander-NegroFolkMusic❖ -- Harold Courlander, Negro Folk Music U.S.A. (1963). Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Robert Waltz.
NOTE: This book consists of commentary on fragments of songs. All items for which both texts and tunes are offered have been indexed, as well as songs found elsewhere, plus texts which complete enough to be indexable. However, this must be considered somewhat arbitrary; it probably depends on how tired I was while indexing.
- Cox-FolkMusicInANewfoundlandOutport -- Gordon S. A. Cox, Folk Music in a Newfoundland Outport (National Museums of Canada, 1980). Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Robert B. Waltz. Added in version 4.3.
NOTE: Although based on field collections, this is as much a sociological study as anything, and songs and references are scattered throughout the book. It also cites a lot of songs it does not print. There may be information in the text not cited in the Index.
- Cox-FolkSongsSouth -- John Harrington Cox, Folk Songs of the South (Dover, 1925). Ballads cited by Number. Fully Indexed by Robert Waltz.
- Cox/Hercog/Halpert/Boswell-WVirginia -- John Harrington Cox, Traditional Ballads and Folk-Songs Mainly from West Virginia, edited by George Herzog and Herbert Halpert, 1939, and George W. Boswell, 1964 (, 1964). Ballads cited by Number and Page. Fully Indexed by Robert Waltz. Added in v. 1.7.
This book has an incredibly complex publishing history, which results in a peculiar scheme of entries. It was originally issued as two booklets, by Cox, Halpert, and Herzog, with separate song numerations. In 1964 it was re-edited and reissued by Boswell, and printed as one book with the old numbers retained but with continuous pagination. The entries reflect this, allowing the Index data to be used either for the original mimeographed booklets or the 1964 edition. Page numbers refer to the 1964 edition. But the entry itself refers to Cox/Hercog/Halpert/Boswell-WVirginia-A (Traditional Ballads Mainly from West Virginia) and Cox/Hercog/Halpert/Boswell-WVirginia-B (Folk Songs Mainly from West Virginia).
- Cray-AshGrove -- Ed Cray, Songs from the Ash Grove (The Ash Grove, 1959). Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Robert Waltz. Added in version 4.3
NOTE: This is clearly intended to be a popular songbook, but it contains several traditional songs (not all in English) which do not appear to have been published anywhere else, and of course it was edited by Ed Cray, so we have indexed it.
- Cray-EroticMuse -- Ed Cray, The Erotic Muse (2nd edition, 1991). Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Ed Cray.
- Creighton-FolksongsFromSouthernNewBrunswick -- Helen Creighton, Folksongs from Southern New Brunswick (1971). Ballads cited by Number. Indexed by Ben Schwartz. Added in v. 2.1.
- Creighton-MaritimeFolkSongs -- Helen Creighton, Maritime Folk Songs (1962). Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Ben Schwartz.
- Creighton-SongsAndBalladsFromNovaScotia -- Helen Creighton, Songs and Ballads from Nova Scotia (original edition 1932; with added postscript 1966). Ballads cited by Number. Indexed by Ben Schwartz. Added in v. 2.0.
- Creighton/Senior-TraditionalSongsOfNovaScotia -- Helen Creighton and Doreen H. Senior, Traditional Songs of Nova Scotia (1960). Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Becky Nankivell. Added in v. 1.6.
- Croker-PopularSongsOfIreland -- Thomas Crofton Croker, Popular Songs of Ireland (1886 edition of 1839 book). Ballads cited by Page. Fully Indexed by Ben Schwartz. Added in Version 2.3.
Now available on Google Books.
Duffy, in The Ballad Poetry of Ireland, 1845 explains why he himself excluded "the common ballads of the people": "They had been already collected by Mr Crofton Croker, and, united with the slang songs of a Scotch magazine, stray verses from provincial newspapers, and some bald translations from Latin poems of the middle ages, contributed to form a collection curiously entitled the 'Popular Songs of Ireland.'" I was tempted to omit at least ten of the songs, as seeming unlikely to have ever been in the oral tradition, but resisted the temptation because I have so frequently been wrong in just that kind of judgment in the past. I did include one translation from Anglo-Norman French but none from Latin. - BS.
- Curtis-Burlin-NegroFolkSongs-TheHamptonSeries -- Natalie Curtis-Burlin, Negro Folk-Songs: The Hampton Series (Dover, 2001). Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Robert B. Waltz. Added in version 5.0.
NOTE: This was originally published as four pamphlets in 1918-1919, then reissued in a single volume by Dover in 2001 with continuous pagination. The Dover edition is the one indexed, but the pamphlet numbers are retained so that the original publication can also be cited. So, e.g., the citation
Curtis-Burlin-NegroFolkSongs-TheHamptonSeries (IV), pp. 153-154, "Chicka-Hanka" (1 text, 1 tune)
means that the piece "Chicka-Hanka" is on pp. 153-154 of the Dover edition and was in pamphlet IV of the original series.
- Dallas-TheCruelWars-100SoldiersSongs❖ -- Karl Dallas, The Cruel Wars: 100 Soldiers' Songs from Agincourt to Ulster, (1972). Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Robert B. Waltz. Added in version 4.2.
This book includes a number of composed songs, which are mostly omitted or relegated to Same Tune references. All traditional songs have been indexed.
- Darling-NewAmericanSongster❖ -- Charles W. Darling, The New American Songster: Traditional Ballads and Songs of North America (Revised edition, 1992). Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Robert Waltz.
NOTE: This is a curious book, with no field collections, no tunes, a number of non-traditional songs, and fluctuating levels of research, but contains a large number of hard-to-find texts; it is indexed on that basis.
- Davis-TraditionalBalladsOfVirginia -- Arthur Kyle Davis, Jr., Traditional Ballads of Virginia (1929). Ballads cited by Davis Number (not to be confused with Child numbers, also listed with the songs). Indexed by Robert Waltz.
NOTE: This is a rather confusing book, with a section of texts (all songs listed under their Child titles), then a section of tunes (listed under their regional titles), then a list (Appendix A) of additional unprinted versions. The notes attempt to reflect this division.
- Davis-MoreTraditionalBalladsOfVirginia -- Arthur Kyle Davis, Jr., More Traditional Ballads of Virginia (1960). Ballads cited by Davis Number (not to be confused with Child numbers, also listed with the songs) and Page. Indexed by Robert Waltz.
- Dean-FlyingCloud -- M(ichael) C(assius) Dean, Flying Cloud: And One Hundred and Fifty other Old Time Songs and Ballad of Outdoor Men, Sailors, Lumber Jacks, Soldiers, Men of the Great Lakes, Railroadmen, Miners, etc. (1922; a 1973 reprint adds an index and corrects some errors but adds no new songs) Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Robert B. Waltz. Added in v. 2.3
NOTE: This book is perhaps the least documented I have ever seen. There is no index, no table of contents, and no indication of authors of composed songs. Readers are strongly advised to get a "keyed" edition to make the thing actually usable.
- Dearmer/VaughnWilliams/Shaw-OxfordBookOfCarols❖ -- Percy Dearmer, R. Vaughan Williams, and Martin Shaw, The Oxford Book of Carols (1928). Ballads cited by Number.
- Dett/Fenner/Rathbun/Cleveland-ReligiousFolkSongsOfTheNegro-HamptonInstitute -- R. Nathaniel Dett, Religious Folk-Songs of the Negro as Sung at Hampton Institute (Hampton Institute Press, 1927). Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Ben Schwartz. Added in Version 4.0.
Note: This is the fifth edition of a book with earlier editions under other titles and editors. Dett acknowledges the earlier editions and includes the 1874, 1891 and 1909 prefaces to the first, second, and fourth editions. However, Dett does not note, for each song, what edition it appeared in first or, whether it is one of the few he added.
I am missing the second edition (1891), but I have the first (1874), third (1901), and fourth (1909):
Thomas P. Fenner, Cabin and Plantation Songs As Sung By The Hampton Students (New York: G. P. Putnam's Sons, 1874 ("Digitized by Internet Archive"))
Thomas P. Fenner, Frederic G. Rathbun, and Bessie Cleveland, Cabin and Plantation Songs As Sung by the Hampton Students (New York: G.P. Putnam's Sons, 1901 ("Digitized by Internet Archive"))
Thomas P. Fenner, Religious Folk Songs Of The Negro As Sung On The Plantations (Hampton: The Institute Press, 1909 ("Digitized by Internet Archive"))
As far as I know, no reprint or digitized version of the 1893 edition is available. However, I have the index of that edition, courtesy of Samford University Library Special Collection Department. I have referred to that index and added notes for songs where the EARLIEST_DATE is affected.
All songs are in the 1927 edition. If a song is also printed before the 1927 edition, the date and page of its first printing is noted, as well as any earlier title. For example,
Dett/Fenner/Rathbun/Cleveland-ReligiousFolkSongsOfTheNegro-HamptonInstitute, pp. 12-13, "Live Humble (Glory and Honor)" (1 text, 1 tune; p. 87 in the 1901 edition).
- Dibblee/Dibblee-FolksongsFromPrinceEdwardIsland -- Randall and Dorothy Dibblee, Folksongs from Prince Edward Island (1973). Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Ben Schwartz. Added in version 2.1.
- DigitalIndexOfMiddleEnglishVerse❖ -- Linne R. Mooney, Daniel W. Mosser, Elizabeth Solopova with Deborah Thorpe, David Hill Radcliffe, and Len Hatfield, The DIMEV: An Open-Access, Digital Edition of the Index of Middle English Verse ((Web site), ). Ballads cited by Number. Partially Indexed by Robert B. Waltz. Added in v. 5.3.
This is an online reference based on the Carleton Brown and Rossell Hope Robbins "Index of Middle English Verse" (for which see the entry "Brown/Robbins-IndexOfMiddleEnglishVerse"). This is the most authoritative bibliography of Middle English poetry now available, and can lead to many sources not included in the Ballad Index, as well as manuscript references. It can also be used to look up Index of Middle English Verse (IMEV) numbers.
Home Page: https://www.dimev.net/index.html
Search Page: https://www.dimev.net/Search.php
- Dime-Song-Book-2❖ -- (No author), The Dime Song Book #2 (A Collection of New and Popular Comic and Sentimental Songs). (Originally published 1860; now available in an undated reissue from Applewood Books). Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Robert B. Waltz.
- Dixon-AncientPoemsBalladsSongsOfThePeasantryOfEngland -- James Henry Dixon, Ancient Poems, Ballads, and Songs of the Peasantry of England (, 1846). Ballads cited by Number. Fully Indexed by Ben Schwartz. Added in Version 2.8.
Now available on Google Books.
- Dixon-ScottishTraditionalVersionsOfAncientBallads -- James Henry Dixon, Scottish Traditional Versions of Ancient Ballads (Percy Society/T. Richards, 1845). Ballads cited by (roman) Number and Page. Fully Indexed by Robert Waltz. Added in Version 2.2.
Now available on Google Books.
- Doerflinger-SongsOfTheSailorAndLumberman -- William Main Doerflinger, Songs of the Sailor and Lumberman (1972). Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Robert Waltz.
- Dolby-OrangesAndLemons -- Karen Dolby, Oranges and Lemons: Rhymes from Past Times (2012). Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Robert Waltz. Added in version 3.3.
- Doyle-OldTimeSongsAndPoetryOfNewfoundland -- Gerald S. Doyle, Old-Time Songs and Poetry of Newfoundland: Songs of the People from the Days of Our Forefathers (1940, 1955, 1966, 1978). Ballads cited by Page. Fully Indexed by Scott Hadley, Ben Schwartz, Robert Waltz.
Although the various Doyle books share a title and publisher, they are so heavily revised as to constitute effectively new books (e.g. the second and third editions are listed by the indexers as having 19 songs in common, but there are 20 songs in Doyle2 that were removed in Doyle3, and Doyle3 adds 29 songs not in the earlier edition). The fourth and fifth editions, which are posthumous, appear to be based entirely on materials published in Doyle1, Doyle2, and Doyle3, but because they are not identical to those earlier editions, they are individually indexed. Doyle4 contains most although not all the songs of the earlier editions and added a few (mostly of dubious traditional status); Doyle5 significantly abbreviates this although the selection criterion is not evident.
As a result of this, the second through fifth editions were originally indexed as four different books, Doyle2, Doyle3, Doyle4, Doyle5. But this meant that a song in multiple editions of Doyle might be seen as more widespread than they are. As a result, the four versions with music (editions 2-5) are all indexed on a single line, with the pagination in each edition listed. The second edition (1940) was indexed by Scott Hadley, the third (1955; the last edition that was truly Doyle's) by Ben Schwartz and added in 1.8; the fourth edition (1966) and fifth (1978) by Robert Waltz and added in version 4.1. The entries for the four editions were combined by Robert Waltz in version 6.0.
The items are now indexed in this form:
Doyle-OldTimeSongsAndPoetryOfNewfoundland, "Jack Was Every Inch a Sailor" (1 text, 1 tune): p. 13 in the 2nd edition; p. 33 in the 3rd; p. 29 in the 4th; p. 29 in the 5th
Thus the song is in all four editions, the second, third, fourth, fifth: on p. 13 of the second, p. 33 of the third, p. 29 of the fourth, and p. 39 of the fifth. If a song is omitted in a particular edition, then the listing for that edition is missing, e.g. "Let Me Fish Off Cape St. Mary's" is in the third through fifth, but not the second, edition:
Doyle-OldTimeSongsAndPoetryOfNewfoundland, "Let Me Fish Off Cape St Mary's" (1 text, 1 tune): p. 39 in the 3rd edition, p. 48 in the 4th, p. 31 in the 5th
Thus if you wish to find all the songs in a particular edition of Doyle (rather than one found in any edition of Doyle), one can search the References field for "Doyle-OldTimeSongsAndPoetryOfNewfoundland" and the particular edition number (2nd, 3rd, 4th, 5th).
- DT❖ -- Original editors Dick Greenhaus & Susan Friedman; now managed by Joe Offer, The Digital Tradition (, ongoing). Ballads cited by Number and eight letter abbreviation used in the Digital Tradition. Partially Indexed by Robert Waltz and Susan Friedman.
Versions with tunes are marked *. Songs which are marginally related have their abbreviations enclosed in parentheses Observation on inclusion: Because the Digital Tradition is constantly being updated, the list given here may not be up-to-date, and the total number of texts and tunes is not listed. Since the Digital Tradition includes a large number of non-traditional pieces, no attempt has been made to index all the songs it contains. It also includes modern parodies and take-offs on traditional ballads; these are not indexed. The original "target" version was the April 1998 release, the last one I've seen in pure text form. It is now published at mudcat.org along with a forum of comments and questions; because the forum is forever changing, no attempt has been made to index that although it has regularly been consulted.
- Dunson/Raim/Asch-AnthologyOfAmericanFolkMusic -- Anthology of American Folk Music (1973) Edited by Josh Dunson and Ethel Raim, Musical Transcriptions by Ethel Raim (including interviews with Moses Asch and Frank Walker). Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Paul J. Stamler.
- Eckstorm/Smyth-MinstrelsyOfMaine -- Fannie Hardy Eckstorm and Mary Winslow Smyth, Minstrelsy of Maine: Folk-Songs and Ballads of the Woods and the Coast (Gryphon Books (1971 reprint of the 1927 Houghton Mifflin edition), 1927). Ballads cited by Page. Fully Indexed by Robert B. Waltz. Added in Version 6.2.
There are quite a few items in this book which are from print or manuscript and perhaps should not have been indexed, but all have been included even so. Sadly, there are no tunes at all, not even for the many unique pieces in the book.
- Eddy-BalladsAndSongsFromOhio -- Mary O. Eddy, Ballads and Song from Ohio (1939). Ballads cited by Number. Indexed by Robert Waltz.
- Edwards-BahamaSongsAndStories -- Charles L. Edwards, Bahama Songs and Stories (Boston: Houghton, Miflin and Company, 1895). Ballads cited by Number. Fully Indexed by Ben Schwartz. Added in Version 4.2.
Now available on Google Books.
- Elder-FolkSongAndFolkLifeInCharlotteville -- J. D. Elder, Folk Song and Folk Life in Charlotteville (1971). Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Ben Schwartz. Added in version 3.7.
- Elder-FolksongsFromTobago -- J. D. Elder, Folksongs from Tobago (1994). Ballads cited by Number. Indexed by Ben Schwartz.
Added in version 3.7.
- Emerson-StephenFosterAndCo❖ -- Ken Emerson, Stephen Foster & Co.: Lyrics of America's First Great Popular Songs (2010). Ballads cited by Page. Partially indexed by Robert Waltz. Added in version 3.3.
- England-HistoricNewfoundlandAndLabrador -- L. E. F. English et al, Historic Newfoundland and Labrador (Tourism Branch, Province of Newfoundland and Labrador, 1955). Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Robert Waltz. Added in version 4.3.
NOTE: This is not in any way a scholarly work, but it went through at least seventeen editions from 1955 to 1984; there were so many copies floating around Newfoundland that it may well have influenced Newfoundland tradition. References in the Index are to the 17th edition (1984).
- Erskine-TwentyYearsBeforeTheMast -- Charles Erskine, Twenty Years Before the Mast (Smithsonian Institute Press, 1985; originally published 1890). Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Ben Schwartz. Added in version 4.1.
NOTE: This is not a song book. Most of the book is taken up by Erskine's tales of the United States Exploring Expedition of 1838-1842. The songs are incidental to the tales.
- Fahey-Eureka-SongsThatMadeAustralia -- Warren Fahey, Eureka: The Songs that Made Australia (1984). Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Robert Waltz.
- Fahey-PintPotAndBilly -- Warren Fahey, Pint Pot and Billy (Fontana, 1977). Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Robert Waltz. Added in version 5.0.
NOTE: This book lists no sources, and appears to contain no texts not previously printed, but it is one of the few books not from New Zealand to include (a very few) New Zealand songs, so I have indexed it.
- Fahey-Joe-Watson-AustralianTraditionalFolkSinger -- Warren Fahey, Joe Watson: Australian Traditional Folk Singer (National Library of Australia, 1975). Ballads cited by page... sort of. Fully Indexed by Robert B. Waltz. Added in Version 4.5.
This is not a normal published book; it is typed, not typeset, printed (probably by mimeograph) on single-sided oversize pages with no page numbers; there is no real way to reference a page. I have counted page numbers myself, and listed them in the references (mostly so users can know if the reference is toward the beginning or the end of the roughly two dozen sheets of the book), but have also listed the first words on each page to make it a little easier to find things. But nothing will change the fact that this book is singularly hard to use.
The book is also almost impossible to obtain, but the URL will take you to Fahey's Joe Watson page, which appears to include most of the content of the mimeographed book plus a good deal of additional information.
- Fahey-Joe-Watson-AustralianTraditionalFolkSinger -- Warren Fahey, Joe Watson: Australian Traditional Folk Singer (1975). Ballads cited by (see notes). Indexed by Robert Waltz. Added in version 4.5.
NOTE: This is not a normal published book; it is typed, not typeset, printed (probably by mimeograph) on single-sided oversize pages with no page numbers; there is no real way to reference a page. I have counted page numbers myself, and listed them in the references (mostly so users can know if the reference is toward the beginning or the end of the roughly two dozen sheets of the book), but have also listed the first words on each page to make it a little easier to find things. But nothing will change the fact that this book is singularly hard to use.
- Fife/Fife-CowboyAndWesternSongs -- Austin E. and Alta S. Fife, Cowboy and Western Songs (1969). Ballads cited by Number. Indexed by Robert Waltz.
NOTE: The Fifes often lump songs that are clearly unrelated; special attention should be paid to which texts go with which song families.
- Finger-FrontierBallads -- Charles J. Finger, Frontier Ballads (1927). Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Robert Waltz. Added in version 4.0.
- Finson-Edward-Harrigan-David-Braham❖ -- Edward Harrigan and David Braham (edited by Jon W. Finson), Edward Harrigan and David Braham (A-R Editions, Inc., 1997). Ballads cited by Number and Page. Indexed by Robert B. Waltz. Added in v. 5.2.
Harrigan and Braham were purely "pop" composers, but more than a dozen of their song seem to have gone into tradition, and even some that did not have been influential. I have indexed this book as a result. It is believed to contain all published Harrigan/Braham songs, but it does not reprint the sheet music; editor Finson has had the music reset, sometimes altering the tunes or arrangements (noting the changes in an apparatus at the end of each volume). The first of the two volumes (which are paginated separately, with 323 and 377 pages respectively) includes songs written up to 1882, the second includes songs from 1883 and after.
- Fireside-Book-of-Folk-Songs -- Margaret Bradford Boni, editor (with piano arrangements by Norman Llord and illustrations by Alice and Martin Provensen), The Fireside Book of Folk Songs, (Simon and Schuster, 1947). Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Paul J. Stamler. Added in v. 4.0.
NOTE: This is not a field or a scholarly collection, but it is a songbook used by many households and popular singers; it is included on the basis that many people will have encountered folk songs as presented in this book rather than as featured in more traditional sources.
Flanders-AncientBalladsTraditionallySungInNewEngland4 -- Helen Hartness Flanders (text annotations by Tristram P. Coffin, music annotations by Bruno Nettl), Ancient Ballads Traditionally Sung in New England (in four volumes, 1960-1965). Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Robert Waltz.
NOTE: Because Flanders selected the songs, but Coffin annotated them, the headnotes to the song sometimes disagree with the classifications by Flanders herself. Flanders was an extreme lumper, Coffin had a much greater willingness to admit that not everything is descended from Child Ballads.
- Flanders-VermontChapBook -- Helen Hartness Flanders (with a preface by Donald Davidson and illustrations by Arthur Healy), Vermont Chap Book, Being A Garland of Ten Folk Ballads (1941, reprinted by Books for Libraries Press 1969). Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Robert Waltz. Added in version 4.2.
- Flanders/Ballard/Brown/Barry-NewGreenMountainSongster -- Helen Hartness Flanders, Elizabeth Flanders Ballard, George Brown, and Phillips Barry, The New Green Mountain Songster (1939). Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Robert Waltz. Added in version 3.0.
- Flanders/Brown-VermontFolkSongsAndBallads -- Helen Hartness Flanders and George Brown, Vermont Folk-Songs & Ballads (1931). Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Robert Waltz. Added in version 1.8.
- Flanders/Olney-BalladsMigrantInNewEngland -- Helen Hartness Flanders and Marguerite Olney, Ballads Migrant in New England (1953). Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Robert Waltz.
- Foner-AmericanLaborSongsOfTheNineteenthCentury -- Philip S. Foner, American Labor Songs of the Nineteenth Century (University of Illinois Press, 1975). Ballads cited by Page. Partially indexed by Robert Waltz. Added in version 5.0.
NOTE: The songs in this book are not taken from tradition, and only a few dozen are found in tradition, which is why it is only partially indexed; only a very small fraction of the texts are indexed independently (and there are no tunes except a few sheet music reprints). But there are hundreds of sets of lyrics set to traditional tunes which are found in the "Same Tune" field; the book is indexed in large part to show which songs were most popular with labor unions.
- Ford-VagabondSongsAndBalladsOfScotland -- Robert Ford, Vagabond Songs and Ballads of Scotland (one-volume edition, 1904). Ballads cited by Page. Fully Indexed by Robert Waltz. Added in v. 1.7.
Note: This is the one-volume edition. All songs in this edition are also found in the two volume edition from 1899-1901, but the two volume edition has many more songs and of course a different pagination.
- Forget-Me-Not-Songster❖ -- (No author listed), The Forget Me Not Songster (Nafis & Cornish, c. 1847? (references are to a copy of the "150th Thousand," so it must be newer than that)). Ballads cited by Page. Partially Indexed by Robert B. Waltz. Added in Version 6.0.
This is one of the most important songbooks in American history; it seems to have encouraged many songs to go into tradition. So I have indexed everything that shows any sign of being traditional, but there are enough items that show no signs at all of being traditional that I decided against indexing the whole thing. Still, 85% of the material is in the Index; few other books appear to have put so many songs into tradition.
A slightly different version is available on Google Books.
- Fowke-LumberingSongsFromTheNorthernWoods -- Edith Fowke, Lumbering Songs from the Northern Woods (1970). (Music transcribed by Norman Cazden). Ballads cited by Number. Indexed by Robert Waltz. Added in version 1.7.
- Fowke-TraditionalSingersAndSongsFromOntario -- Edith Fowke, Traditional Singers and Songs from Ontario (1965). Ballads cited by Number. Indexed by Ben Schwartz.
- Fowke/Johnston-FolkSongsOfCanada -- Edith Fulton Fowke (Literary Editor) and Richard Johnston (Music Editor), Folk Songs of Canada (1954). Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Robert Waltz.
- Fowke/MacMillan-PenguinBookOfCanadianFolkSongs -- Edith Fowke (editor) with Keith MacMillan (music consultant), The Penguin Book of Canadian Folk Songs (1973). Ballads cited by Number. Indexed by Susan Lawlor. Added in version 1.8.
- Fowke/Mills/Blume-CanadasStoryInSong -- Edith Fowke and Alan Mills (Piano accompaniments by Helmut Blume), Canada's Story in Song (No date; published between 1957 and 1960). Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Robert Waltz.
- Frank-NewBookOfPirateSongs -- Stuart M. Frank, The New Book of Pirate Songs (Loomis House, 2011). Ballads cited by Number. Indexed by Robert Waltz. Added in version 4.3
NOTE: This is an expansion of Frank's earlier The Book of Pirate Songs, and references to the earlier edition are included in each entry. The book probably should not have been fully indexed; the large majority of the material is non-traditional -- fakelore about pirates. But the items at the beginning were mostly traditional, so I made the mistake of doing the whole book. - RBW
- Friedman-Viking/PenguinBookOfFolkBallads -- The Penguin Book of Folk Ballads of the English-Speaking World, edited by Albert B. Friedman (1956). Previously published as The Viking Book of Folk Ballads of the English-Speaking World. Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Paul J. Stamler.
- Frye-TheMenAllSinging -- John Frye, The Men All Singing: The Story of Menhaden Fishing (Virginia Beach: Donning Company, 1978). Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Ben Schwartz.
Added in version 4.2.
NOTE: The Men All Singing is not a song book. It is about the menhaden fishing industry, from its beginning until Frye wrote his book. The emphasis is on the white ship and factory owners, with one chapter about the mostly black workers. That chapter includes seven chanteys recorded by a Reedville, Virginia captain "on his own fish boat ... over several days in the mid-1950's while fishing out of Wildwood, New Jersey." These are not deep-water chanteys; only a few books, recordings, radio programs, and You Tube performances show how this kind of work song fit the job.
Also see GarrityBlake-FishFactory.
- Fuld-BookOfWorldFamousMusic❖ -- James J. Fuld, The Book of World-Famous Music (1971-1995). Ballads cited by Page. Partially Indexed by Robert Waltz.
NOTE: This is not a songbook, and properly not even a folk music book (the subhead is "Classical, Popular, and Folk"). It is, however, a useful and portable reference for copyright and first appearance information. Because it includes non-traditional material, it is indexed only for songs which appear in the Ballad Index from other books. N.B. Later editions of Fuld preserve the pagination of the 1971 edition, with additional information added in an addendum. Entries with additional information in the addendum are marked +.
- Fuson-BalladsOfTheKentuckyHighlands -- Harvey H. Fuson, Ballads of the Kentucky Highlands (1931). Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Robert B. Waltz. Added in version 1.8.
- Gainer-FolkSongsFromTheWestVirginiaHills -- Patrick W. Gainer, Folk Songs from the West Virginia Hills (Seneca Books, 1975). Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Robert B. Waltz. Added in version 4.2.
- Galvin-IrishSongsOfResistance -- Patrick Galvin, Irish Songs of Resistance (1962). Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Robert Waltz.
NOTE: It is probably not possible to write an unbiased history of English-Irish relations. Nonetheless, Galvin's text is so viciously, gloatingly anti-British as to sometimes distort the facts. My notes may be slightly more pro-British than is fair as a result. I'm still trying to correct some of my irritated reactions to his extreme prejudice. - RBW
- Gardham-EastRidingSongster -- Steve Gardham, An East Riding Songster (Lincolnshire and Humberside Arts, 1982). Ballads cited by Number and Page. Indexed by Robert Waltz. Added in version 4.5.
NOTE: This book is organized with a "main version" of each song, then an appendix of additional versions, then an appendix of song notes. This means that users need page numbers to find all the versions of a song, but the song number to find the notes at the end. Both numbers have therefore been provided.
- Gardner/Chickering-BalladsAndSongsOfSouthernMichigan -- Emelyn Elizabeth Gardner and Geraldine Jencks Chickering, Ballads and Songs of Southern Michigan (1939). Ballads cited by Number. Indexed by Robert Waltz. Added in v. 1.8.
NOTE: The publishers were unwilling to publish the full collection of Michigan songs, meaning that this book contains an appendix listing 125 or so songs found by the authors which were not published. Naturally these songs cannot be positively identified. I have indexed them in the form
cf. Gardner/Chickering-BalladsAndSongsOfSouthernMichigan, p. X, [song titles] (source notes only)
where I am reasonably sure (say 80% confident) I know the song to which they refer. Where I am not confident, the songs have not been indexed, even if I have a guess.
- Garland-FacesInTheFirelight-NZ❖ -- Phil Garland, Faces in the Firelight (Steele Robert, 2009). Partially indexed by Robert B. Waltz. Added in Version 4.3. Ballads cited by Page.
NOTE: Phil Garland was probably New Zealand's greatest folk singer, and he was also a song collector, but he doesn't seem to have acknowledged the distinction between traditional songs and his own compositions, and he didn't create this as a songbook. It's a collection of stories, often including song lyrics. This means he often prints only parts of a song, or prints a whole song in pieces scattered across several chapters. This book has more New Zealand song material than any other, but the organization is very difficult. New Zealand books with these sorts of problems are Bailey/Roth-ShantiesByTheWay-NZ, Colquhoun-NZ-Folksongs-SongOfAYoungCountry, Cleveland-NZ-GreatNewZealandSongbook, and Garland-FacesInTheFirelight-NZ. Those who wish to search for all the New Zealand songbooks can search for "-NZ" or for "NZ" in the references in the Ballad Index software.
- GarrityBlake-FishFactory -- Barbara J. Garrity-Blake, The Fish Factory (Knoxville: University of Tennessee, 1994). Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Ben Schwartz.
Added in version 4.2.
NOTE: The Fish Factory is not a song book. It looks at the menhaden fishing industry "from an anthropological perspective, the study of what makes work meaningful" (p. xxi). "Black and white laborers alike considered the exploitation of nature for profit a productive and useful activity. But beyond these similarities exist profound differences in the way captains and crewmen experienced and valued the activity of menhaden fishing throughout the twentieth century" (p. xvi). Part of the study was a set of fishermen's work songs.
Also see Frye-TheMenAllSinging.
- Gatherer-SongsAndBalladsOfDundee -- Nigel Gatherer (with a Foreword by Peter Shepheard), Songs and Ballads of Dundee, (John Donald, 1986). Ballads cited by Number. Indexed by Robert B. Waltz. Added in version 4.5.
NOTE: Although this is presented as a book of traditional songs, roughly a quarter of the songs were composed by modern authors, with no evidence that they existed in tradition. These can usually be located by reading the notes, but it is by no means evident on the song pages themselves, and these non-traditional songs are not separated from the traditional songs. All these songs are indexed, but perhaps should not have been; users should be cautious with this book.
- Geller-FamousSongsAndTheirStories❖ -- James J. Geller, Famous Songs and their Stories (1931). Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Robert Waltz. Added in v. 1.6.
- Gentry/Smith-ASingerAmongSingers -- Betty N. Smith (with a Foreword by Cecilia Conway), Jane Hicks Gentry: A Singer Among Singers (University Press of Kentucky, 1998). Ballads cited by Number. Fully Indexed by Robert B. Waltz. Added in Version 6.4.
This is a biography and collection of folktales as well as a songbook; the songs are almost all taken from Cecil Sharp's collections (and can be accessed in Sharp-EnglishFolkSongsFromSouthernAppalachians), but there are a few from Maud Gentry Long that were collected in other settings.
- Gilbert-LostChords❖ -- Douglas Gilbert, Lost Chords: The Diverting Story of American Popular Songs (Doubleday, Doran and Co., 1942). Ballads cited by Page. Partially indexed by Robert Waltz.
- GirlScout-PocketSongbook❖ -- (no author listed; preface by Eleanor L. Thomas), Girl Scout Pocket Songbook (Girl Scouts of the USA, 1956). Ballads cited by Page. Partially Indexed by Robert B. Waltz. Added in Version 6.3.
A standard "camp booklet" sized publication (7" x 4"). Almost all texts have tunes. This has fewer songs than most camp songbooks.
- GirlScouts-SingTogether❖ -- (no author listed; preface by Eleanor L. Thomas), Sing Together (Girl Scouts of the U. S. A., 1949, 1957). Ballads cited by Page. Partially Indexed by Robert B. Waltz. Added in Version 6.3.
The 1949 and 1957 editions of this reportedly contain all the same songs but with different organization. The 1957 edition is the one indexed.
- Graham-Joe-Holmes-SongsMusicTraditionsOfAnUlsterman -- Len Graham, Joe Holmes: Songs, Music and Traditions of an Ulsterman (2010). Ballads cited by Number. Indexed by Robert B. Waltz. Added in version 3.5.
- Graham-TheOrangeSongster -- Neil Graham, The Orange Songster (c. 1895). Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Ben Schwartz. Added in v. 2.3
- Gray-SongsAndBalladsOfTheMaineLumberjacks -- Roland Palmer Gray, Songs and Ballads of the Maine Lumberjacks (Harvard University Press, 1916). Ballads cited by Number. Fully Indexed by Robert Waltz. Added in Version 2.5.
Now available on Google Books.
- Greene-TheEarlyEnglishCarols❖ -- Richard Leighton Greene, The Early English Carols (Oxford University Press, 1935). Ballads cited by Number and page. Indexed by Robert B. Waltz. Added in v. 5.3.
This book contains all pieces which meet Greene's definition of carols which can be shown to have existed by about the sixteenth century -- 474 in all, plus a few fragments. Where multiple versions exist, Greene either prints them or prints a list of variations between versions. Greene assigns no titles; where Greene prints only a single version, I have listed his first line, but where Greene has multiple versions, I have simply labelled the item "no title."
Greene's definition of a carol has nothing to do with either tradition or with Christmas; it is a song with a burden that appears intended to have been danced. Most of the items in the book do not appear to have been traditional. But I have indexed those which are known from later tradition, or which appear, based on content, form, or attestation (i.e. appearance in many manuscripts or in particularly "folky" manuscripts) to have been traditional. This obviously is an imprecise selection.
Page numbers are given from the first edition; the pagination of the second edition is different.
- Greenleaf/Mansfield-BalladsAndSeaSongsOfNewfoundland -- Elisabeth Bristol Greenleaf and Grace Yarrow Mansfield, Ballads and Sea Songs of Newfoundland (1933). Ballads cited by Number. Indexed by Ben Schwartz. Added in v. 1.8
- Green-OnlyAMiner-RecordedCoalMiningSongs -- Archie Green, Only a Miner: Studies in Recorded Coal-Mining Songs (1972). Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Paul J. Stamler. Added in v. 1.8.
- Greenway-AmericanFolksongsOfProtest❖ -- John Greenway, American Folksongs of Protest (1953). Ballads cited by Page. Partially indexed by Robert Waltz.
- Greig-FolkSongInBuchan-FolkSongOfTheNorthEast -- Gavin Greig (Kenneth S. Goldstein and Arthur Argo, editors), Folk-Song in Buchan and Folk-Song of the North-East (1963). Ballads cited by Article and Page. Indexed by Ben Schwartz. Partially indexed in version 2.4; fully indexed in version 2.6.
NOTE: The book includes one paper, "Folk-Song in Buchan," and 180 numbered articles printed in the Buchan Observer every week or two between December 1907 and June 1911. These articles were written by Greig and included contributions of songs by Aberdeenshire correspondents. The contributions were not very different from Internet threads: often a verse was printed with requests for the complete song or additional verses were noted for previously contributed songs. Where more than one entry was printed for the same song I have tried to list the most "complete" entry first and the fragments last [although items from "Folk Song in Buchan" are usually listed last. - RBW]. Any tunes are from "Folk-Song in Buchan." I have omitted poems which, Greig notes, were not in the oral tradition.
[Note further that these articles are usually cited in the notes as "Greig," not Greig-FolkSongInBuchan-FolkSongOfTheNorthEast, and that this name may also apply to the Greig-Duncan corpus. - RBW]
- Greig/Duncan1 -- Patrick Shuldham-Shaw and Emily B. Lyle, Eds,
The Greig-Duncan Folk Song Collection, Volume 1 (1981). Ballads cited by
Number. Indexed by Ben Schwartz. Added in version 2.4.
- Greig/Duncan2 -- Patrick Shuldham-Shaw and Emily B. Lyle, Eds,
The Greig-Duncan Folk Song Collection, Volume 2 (1983). Ballads cited by
Number. Indexed by Ben Schwartz. Added in version 2.4.
- Greig/Duncan3 -- Patrick Shuldham-Shaw, Emily B. Lyle and Peter A. Hall, Eds,
The Greig-Duncan Folk Song Collection, Volume 3 (1987). Ballads cited by
Number. Indexed by Ben Schwartz. Added in version 2.4.
- Greig/Duncan4 -- Patrick Shuldham-Shaw, Emily B. Lyle and Andrew R. Hunter, Eds,
The Greig-Duncan Folk Song Collection, Volume 4 (1990). Ballads cited by
Number. Indexed by Ben Schwartz. Added in version 2.5.
- Greig/Duncan5 -- Patrick Shuldham-Shaw, Emily B. Lyle and Andrew R. Hunter, Eds,
The Greig-Duncan Folk Song Collection, Volume 5 (1995). Ballads cited by
Number. Indexed by Ben Schwartz. Added in version 2.5.
- Greig/Duncan6 -- Patrick Shuldham-Shaw, Emily B. Lyle and Elaine Petrie, Eds,
The Greig-Duncan Folk Song Collection, Volume 6 (1995). Ballads cited by
Number. Indexed by Ben Schwartz. Added in version 2.5.
- Greig/Duncan7 -- Patrick Shuldham-Shaw, Emily B. Lyle and Sheila Douglas, Eds,
The Greig-Duncan Folk Song Collection, Volume 7 (1997). Ballads cited by
Number. Indexed by Ben Schwartz. Added in version 2.5.
- Greig/Duncan8 -- Patrick Shuldham-Shaw, Emily B. Lyle and Katherine Campbell, Eds,
The Greig-Duncan Folk Song Collection, Volume 8 (2002). Ballads cited by
Number. Indexed by Ben Schwartz. Added in version 2.5.
- Grigson-PenguinBookOfBallads -- The Penguin Book of Ballads, edited by Geoffrey Grigson (1975). Ballads cited by Number. Indexed by Robert Waltz.
- Grimes-StoriesFromTheAnneGrimesCollection -- Anne Grimes, Stories from the Anne Grimes Collection of American Folk Music, compiled and edited by Sara Grimes, Jennifer Grimes Kay, Mary Grimes, and Mindy Grimes (2010). Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Robert Waltz. Added in v. 2.8.
- Guigné-ForgottenSongsOfTheNewfoundlandOutports -- Anne Kearney Guigné, The Forgotten Songs of the Newfoundland Outports (Canadian Museum of History and University of Ottawa Press (Ottawa), 2016). Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Ben Schwartz. Added in v. 4.2.
NOTE: Forgotten Songs of the Newfoundland Outports prints texts from the Peacock collection that, with one exception, were not included in Songs of the Newfoundland Outports. Seventeen texts are previously unpublished versions of songs Peacock did include. Forty-nine of the songs are not included in the other Newfoundland collections we have indexed to date. Guigné's is the first collection we have indexed to refer to the "MacEdward Leach and the Songs of Atlantic Canada" site -- not yet indexed here -- with 47 references to that collection.
- Gummere-OldEnglishBallads -- Francis B. Gummere, Old English Ballads (Ginn & Company, 1894, 1897). Ballads cited by Page. Fully Indexed by Robert Waltz.
This book prints song texts and descriptive notes (including source information and textual comments) separately; in the citations, the first part is the location of the song text; the part following the plus sign is the location of the notes.
Now available on Google Books.
- Gundry-CanowKernow-SongsDancesFromCornwall -- Inglis Gundry, Canow Kernow: Songs and Dances from Cornwall (The Federation of Old Cornwall Societies, 1966). Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Robert B. Waltz. Added in version 4.5.
- Hales/Furnival-BishopPercysFolioManuscript❖ -- John W. Hales and Frederick J. Furnivall, Bishop Percy's Folio Manuscript: Ballads and Romances (N. Trübner and Co., 1868). Ballads cited by Volume and Page. Indexed by Robert B. Waltz. Added in v. 5.3. Published in three volumes; a fourth volume includes the "Loose and Humorous Songs."
- Hamer-GarnersGay -- Fred Hamer, Garners Gay (E. F. D. S. Publications, Ltd., 1967). Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Robert Waltz. Added in version 5.0.
- Hamer-GreenGroves -- Fred Hamer, Green Groves: More English Folk Songs (E. F. D. S. Publications, Ltd., 1973). Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Robert Waltz. Added in version 5.0.
- Hammond-SongsOfBelfast -- David Hammond, Songs of Belfast (1978). Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Ben Schwartz. Added in version 2.3.
- Handy/Silverman-BluesAnAnthology❖ -- W. C. Handy, editor, Blues: an Anthology (1926, 1949, 1972). Revised by Jerry Silverman, introduction by Abbe Niles, illustrations by Miguel Covarrubias. Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Robert Waltz.
NOTE: This is a revised version of Handy's original 1926 book, with some original songs plus modifications of the arrangements (mostly to add guitar chords). Most of the material in this book is not folk; it consists of composed blues pieces. But it contains the earliest references I could find to several songs; I thought it worth indexing at first glance. In hindsight, I was wrong -- but why take it out after it's done?
- Harlow-ChantyingAboardAmericanShips -- Frederick Pease Harlow, Chanteying Aboard American Ships (1962). Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Susan Lawlor. Added in version 2.2
NOTE: Written in 1945, but not published till 1962, ten years after Harlow's death. Earliest Date references are based on the date of Harlow's manuscript.
- HarvardClassics-EnglishPoetryChaucerToGray❖ -- (Charles E. Elliot, editor), The Harvard Classics: English Poetry, Volume I (From Chaucer to Gray) (1937). Ballads cited by Page. Partially indexed by Robert Waltz.
NOTE: This book includes over 130 pages of ballads, carefully glossed although with absolutely no source information; it is probably primarily useful to non-ballad-scholars.
- Hayward-UlsterSongsAndBalladsOfTheTownAndCountry -- H. Richard Hayward, Ulster Songs and Ballads of the Town and Country (1925). Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Ben Schwartz. Added in v. 2.3.
- Healy-MercierBookOfOldIrishStreetBalladsVol2❖ -- James N. Healy, The Mercier Book of Old Irish Street Ballads, Volume Two: History and Politics (1969). Ballads cited by Page. Partially indexed by Robert Waltz.
NOTE: This book gives no indication of sources, and does not distinguish purely political poems from genuine folksongs. I've generally indexed only items already in the Index.
- Heart-Songs❖ -- (The National Magazine), Heart Songs: Dear to the American People (Chapple Publishing Company, 1909). Ballads cited by Page. Partially Indexed by Robert B. Waltz. Added in Version 6.0.
This is a book with tunes, but other than that, it's essentially a songster, and a very popular one; it is indexed on that basis, since it is likely that it helped sustain some songs in tradition. The title page calls the book "Heart Songs: Dear to the American People"; the cover, however (at least on my copy) reads "Heart Songs: Melodies of Days Gone By." Either way, it includes about 200 songs which we have indexed; in at least some cases, I suspect it is the source that put the song in tradition.
Now available on Google Books.
- Henderson-VictorianStreetBallads❖ -- W. Henderson, Victorian Street Ballads (Country Life Ltd., 1937). Ballads cited by Page. Partially indexed by Robert B. Waltz. Added in Version 4.4.
NOTE: This is for the most part a collection of broadsides re-set and printed in modern type, without notes or indications of sources, so I have cited only pieces which seem to have turned up in tradition.
- Henry-SongsSungInTheSouthernAppalachians -- Mellinger Edward Henry, Songs Sung in the Southern Appalachians (1934). Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Robert Waltz. Added in v. 2.3.
- Henry/Huntingdon/Herman-SamHenrysSongsOfThePeople -- Sam Henry's Songs of the People collected by Sam Henry; edited, transcribed, and annotated by Gale Huntingdon; revised, with additions and indices by Lani Herrmann (1990). Ballads cited by Page and by Henry Number. Indexed by Robert Waltz.
NOTE: A handful of songs by Sam Henry (e.g.
H515, "The Mountain Road,"
H535a, "Waulking Song,"
H546, "The Cup of Gold,"
H630, "Irish Lullaby for the Christ Child,"
H713, "Seal Song") have not been indexed, nor has "Pat Muldoney," which seems to have been included in the column by order of someone other than Sam Henry. Also omitted is H523, "Dun Ceithern," which may not be by Henry but is certainly no folk song.
- High-OldOldFolkSongs -- Fred High, Old, Old Folk Songs (1952?). Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Robert Waltz. Added in v. 3.3.
NOTE: High often lists a song as "by" someone. But several of these people are known Ozark singers, and they do not correspond to the known authors of hymns. It appears that his "by" citations are in fact citations of informants. Also, this is one of the most illiterate books I have ever seen; although I have given High's titles as he gives them (e.g. "Fair well" for "Farewell"), I have conformed his other spellings to English orthography.
- Hill-PoemsAndSongsOfTheCivilWar❖ -- Lois Hill, Poems and Songs of the Civil War (1990). Ballads cited by Page. Partially indexed by Robert Waltz.
- Hirsh-MedievalLyric-MiddleEnglishLyricsBalladsCarols❖ -- John C. Hirsh, Medieval Lyric: Middle English Lyrics, Ballads, and Carols (Blackwell Publishing, 2005). Ballads cited by Number. Partially Indexed by Robert B. Waltz. Added in v. 5.3.
This contains about sixty poems and songs, the majority of which are Middle English pieces -- but it also contains a selection of ballads and folk carols. The scholarship concerning the Middle English pieces is good; this is clearly Hirsh's area of expertise. The section on ballads is so bad that he accepts items from the John Jacob Niles "Ballad Book" as traditional pieces. Readers are warned not to trust the scholarship in this section.
For obvious reasons, the only items indexed are those which were indexed from other books -- roughly a third of the total.
- Hodgart-FaberBookOfBallads -- Matthew Hodgart, editor, The Faber Book of Ballads (1965). Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Nathan Rose.
NOTE: This book includes large sections of non-traditional songs and poems, which have not been indexed.
- Hogg-JacobiteRelicsOfScotlandVol1 -- James Hogg, The Jacobite Relics of Scotland, (Paisley, 1874 (reprint of the 1819 edition)). Ballads cited by Number (where available) or Page. Partially indexed by Ben Schwartz. Added in version 2.4.
- Hogg-JacobiteRelicsOfScotlandVol2 -- James Hogg, The Jacobite Relics of Scotland, Second Series, (Paisley, 1874 (reprint of the 1821 edition)). Ballads cited by Number (where available) or Page. Partially indexed by Ben Schwartz. Added in version 2.4.
NOTE: The numbered ballads of Hogg's collection are "refined" Jacobite songs: "I have in no instance puzzled myself in deciding what reading of each song is the most genuine and original.... I have not only always taken the best, but the best verses of each, as far as I could judge" (Hogg-JacobiteRelicsOfScotlandVol1, p. xv). "An extensive appendix is subjoined, consisting of such Scottish Jacobite songs as had no tunes remaining that I could find; and also great numbers beside, that appear to be of English composition... Of all the Whig songs subjoined, there is not one that I can trace to be of Scottish original" (Hogg-JacobiteRelicsOfScotlandVol1, p. xv). The songs in the Hogg-JacobiteRelicsOfScotlandVol1 appendices are not numbered; the Jacobite songs in Hogg-JacobiteRelicsOfScotlandVol2 are numbered beginning at AJ1 [I added the "AJ" - BS]. The first volume is confined "to the songs previous to the battle of Sheriffmuir [November 13, 1715], with the exception of a few general ones that may be of later date, but which relate to no particular period" (Hogg-JacobiteRelicsOfScotlandVol1, p. xi).
- Hopkins-SongsFromTheFrontAndRear -- Anthony Hopkins, Songs from the Front & Rear: Canadian Servicemen's Songs of the Second World War (Hurtig Publishers, 1979). Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Robert Waltz. Added in v. 5.0.
- Hoskins-GoldfieldBalladeer-LifeAndTimes-Charles-R-Thatcher -- Robert Hoskins, Goldfield Balladeer: The Life and Times of the celebrated Charles R. Thatcher, (William Collins (New Zealand) Ltd., 1977). Ballads cited by Page. Partially indexed by Robert B. Waltz. Added in version 5.0.
NOTE: This is primarily a biography of Thatcher, not a songbook, but it does have an appendix of song texts, and it is the primary book about Thatcher's time in New Zealand as opposed to Australia. And Thatcher set most of his texts to popular tunes, so the "Same Tune" references are also important. So this book is indexed. For Thatcher's Australian songs, see primarily Anderson-GoldrushSongster and Anderson-StoryOfAustralianFolksong.
- Hoskins/Thatcher-LifeOnTheGoldfields -- [Charles R. Thatcher], edited by Robert H. B. Hoskins, Charles Thatcher: 'Life on the Goldfields': An Entertainment (School of Music, University of Canterbury, 1996). Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Robert Waltz. Added in v. 5.0.
NOTE: This is the script of a "lecture" with songs that Charles R. Thatcher presented on tour, with textual variants, musical references, and background notes by Robert H. B. Hoskins. Since several Thatcher songs are indexed, or at least included in the "Same Tune" references, I have indexed this, although I have only cited those songs which are indexed for other reasons.
- Hubbard-BalladsAndSongsFromUtah -- Lester A. Hubbard (with music transcriptions by Kenly W. Whitelock), Ballads and Songs from Utah (1961). Ballads cited by Number. Indexed by Robert B. Waltz. Added in v. 3.8.
- Hudson-FolksongsOfMississippi -- Arthur Palmer Hudson, Folksongs of Mississippi and their Background (1936). Ballads cited by Number and Page. Indexed by Robert Waltz. Added in v. 1.6.
- Hudson-FolkTunesFromMississippi -- Arthur Palmer Hudson, Folk Tunes from Mississippi Edited by George Herzog assisted by Herbert Halpert (second edition with a preface by Ellen S. Woodward 1937; reissued 1977 with a new introduction by Paul Glass). Ballads cited by Number. Indexed by Robert B. Waltz. Added in version 4.0.
NOTE: This book has a strange organization: it has no page numbers, just song numbers, but the song numbers look like page numbers (except that some songs cross multiple pages). Readers should be careful to note this system. The book is mostly an appendix to Hudson's Mississippi Folk Songs book, but has a few items not found there, and in one or two places the words are transcribed differently.
- Hugill-ShantiesFromTheSevenSeas -- Stan Hugill, Shanties from the Seven Seas (1961). Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Susan Lawlor. Added in version 2.2.
NOTE: Hugill's book has been published in many different forms, abridged, cleaned up, and otherwise fiddled with. The indexed version is the full 1961 text. I have secondarily indexed one of these alternate editions, the 1994 Mystic Seaport edition, which eliminates all the foreign-language shanties plus eliminates certain fragments and short texts. Not every song in Hugill has an entry in the abridged edition, but where they are, they are cited in brackets, e.g. [AbEd, p. 1] means that the song is found on page one in the abridged edition. - RBW
- Hugill-SongsOfTheSea -- Stan Hugill, Songs of the Sea (McGraw-Hill, 1977). Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Robert B. Waltz. Added in version 5.0.
NOTE: This is not an abridgment of Hugill's Shanties from the Seven Seas, but there are very few English-language songs not found in that book (including the abridged edition). A large fraction of the songs are in languages other than English, however, and many of these are not in Shanties from the Seven Seas. Also, it supplies many of the non-English songs not found in the abridged edition. So whether it is useful depends on your level of interest in foreign language songs.
- Huntington-FolksongsFromMarthasVineyard -- Gale Huntington, Folksongs from Martha's Vineyard (Northeast Folklore, Volume VIII) (Northeast Folklore Society, 1967). Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Robert B. Waltz. Added in v. 5.2.
- Huntington-SongsTheWhalemenSang❖ -- Gale Huntington, Songs the Whalemen Sang (1964/1970). Ballads cited by
Page. Indexed by Robert Waltz.
NOTE: Huntington sometimes found it hard to determine which songs in his sources were traditional, and erred far beyond the side of inclusiveness. In general, I have only indexed songs where he indicated an alternate source, or which I recognized as traditional.
- Huntington-TheGam-MoreSongsWhalemenSang -- Gale Huntington, The Gam: More Songs the Whalemen Sang (Loomis House, 2014). Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Robert Waltz. Added in version 4.2
NOTE: As in Huntington-SongsTheWhalemenSang, Huntington was very willing to include non-traditional material in this book, and added many spurious tunes, but in this case, I've fully indexed the book.
- Hutson/Pinckney/Rutledge-SomeSongsTheNegroSang -- Katherine C. Hutson, Josephine Pinckney, and Caroline Pinckney Rutledge, Some Songs the Negro Sang (article in Augustine T. Smythe et al, The Carolina Low-Country) (The Macmillan Company, 1932). Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Ben Schwartz. Added in v. 5.1.
- Hylands-Mammoth-Hibernian-Songster❖ -- ("The Blackbird," editor), Hyland's Mammoth Hibernian Songster (J. S. Hyland & Co. (Chicago), 1901). Ballads cited by Page. Partially Indexed by Robert B. Waltz. Added in Version 6.1.
- Ives-21FolksongsFromPrinceEdwardIsland -- Edward D. "Sandy" Ives, editor, Twenty-One Folksongs from Prince Edward Island: Northeast Folklore Vol. 5, 1963 (1964). Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Ben Schwartz. Added in version 3.6
- Ives-DriveDullCareAway-PrinceEdwardIsland -- Edward D. "Sandy" Ives, Drive Dull Care Away -- Folksongs from Prince Edward Island (1999). Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Ben Schwartz. Added in version 2.1
- Ives-FolksongsFromMaine -- Edward D. "Sandy" Ives, editor, Folksongs From Maine: Northeast Folklore Vol. 7, 1965 (1966). Ballads cited by Number. Indexed by Ben Schwartz. Added in version 3.6
- Ives-FolksongsOfNewBrunswick -- Edward D. "Sandy" Ives, Folksongs of New Brunswick (1989). Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Ben Schwartz. Added in version 2.1.
- Ives-Joe-Scott-TheWoodsmanSongmaker -- Edward D. "Sandy" Ives, Joe Scott: The Woodsman-Songmaker (1978). Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Robert B. Waltz. Added in version 3.2.
- Ives-LarryGorman❖ -- Edward D. Ives, Larry Gorman: The Man Who Made the Songs (Goose Lane, 1964, 1977, 1993). Ballads cited by Page. Partially Indexed by Robert B. Waltz. Added in Version 6.1.
This includes everything of Larry Gorman's that Sandy Ives could find, often very poorly attested. The evidence for both Gorman's authorship and for the traditional status of the result is often dubious. For the most part I have only indexed items which are clearly traditional or are found elsewhere, although I included a few pieces from earlier in the book before I realized what was going on. When Ives is the only collection containing the song, my rule of thumb has been to include songs for which he found three or more versions.
The format of the book is strange; Ives prints songs and fragments rather haphazardly, with collection data in an appendix at the end. So citations include two sets of pages, e.g.
Ives-LarryGorman, pp. 42-44, 196, "Michael O'Brien" (1 text, 1 tune)
means that the text and tune of the song "Michael O'Brien" is on pp. 42-44, but you'll have to go to p. 196 for source information and parallels.
Since any of Ives's citations might be from manuscript at some number of removes, I generally do not list "found ins" -- I just don't trust the documentation.
- Jack-PopGoesTheWeasel❖ -- Albert Jack, Pop Goes the Weasel: The Secret Meaning of Nursery Rhymes (2008). Ballads cited by Page. Partially indexed by Robert Waltz. Added in v. 3.3.
NOTE: Although listed as partially indexed, almost every item in the volume has been included in the Ballad Index; the only exceptions are a few items which are clearly Jack's personal favorites rather than true traditional items.
- Jackson-PopularSongsOfNineteenthCenturyAmerica -- Richard Jackson, Popular Songs of Nineteenth-Century America ("Complete Original Sheet Music for 64 Songs"; also includes commentary at the back of the book). (1976). Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Robert Waltz.
- Jackson-WakeUpDeadMan -- Bruce Jackson, Wake Up Dead Man: Afro-American Worksongs from Texas Prisons (1972). Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Robert Waltz. Added in version 2.4.
- Jekyll-JamaicanSongAndStory -- Walter Jekyll, Jamaican Song and Story (New York: Dover Publications, 1966 (Reprint of David Nutt, 1907)). Ballads cited by Number. Indexed by Ben Schwartz.
Added in version 3.7.
- Jolly-Miller-Songster-5thEd❖ -- (no author listed), The Jolly Miller Songster (Fifth Edition) (The Northwestern Miller (Minneapolis, MN), 1917). Ballads cited by Number. Partially Indexed by Robert B. Waltz. Added in Version 6.0.
- Johnson-BawdyBalladsAndLustyLyrics❖ -- John Henry Johnson, editor, Bawdy Ballads and Lusty Lyrics (1935/1950). Ballads cited by Page.
NOTE: Despite the title, this is not really a book of bawdy songs; it consists of poems and traditional songs on "impolite" themes -- but the few pieces that are not fit for polite company have been at least somewhat bowdlerized.
- Jones-MinstrelOfTheAppalachians-Bascom-Lamar-Lunsford -- Loyal Jones, Minstrel of the Appalachians: The Story of Bascom Lamar Lunsford (with music transcriptions by John M. Forbes, Appalachian Consortium Press, 1984). Ballades cited by Page. Indexed by Robert B. Waltz. Added in Version 4.0.
- Joyner-FolkSongInSouthCarolina -- Charles W. Joyner, Folk Song in South Carolina (1971). Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Robert B. Waltz Added in version 3.8.
- KarpelesCrystal -- Maud Karpeles, editor, The Crystal Spring: English Folk Songs Collected by Cecil Sharp (Oxford University Press, 1975 (references are to the 1987 edition)). Ballads cited by Number. Indexed by Robert Waltz. Added in v. 5.0.
- Karpeles-FolkSongsFromNewfoundland -- Maud Karpeles, Folk Songs from Newfoundland (1970). Ballads cited by Number. Indexed by Ben Schwartz. Added in version 2.0.
- Kennedy-FolksongsOfBritainAndIreland❖ -- Peter Kennedy, Folksongs of Britain and Ireland (1975). Ballads cited by Number. Indexed by Paul J. Stamler (mostly the tough ones) and Robert B. Waltz.
NOTE: All English-language traditional songs in this volume have been indexed, but those in other languages are indexed only when they appear to have some connection with English-language tradition.
- Kennedy-Fraser/MacLeod-SongsOfTheHebrides❖ -- Marjory Kennedy-Fraser and Kenneth Macleod, Songs of the Hebrides, two volumes, 1909 and 1917. Ballads cited by Page.
NOTE: Since all songs in this book are Gaelic, the decision when to index has been difficult. Several songs have been recorded in the English translations made for this book! In general, and with hesitation, I have indexed when a song occurs in some other collection or has been recorded, though few if any have actually been collected in English guise -- RBW.
- Kidson-TraditionalTunes -- Frank Kidson, editor, Traditional Tunes (Felinfach, 1999 (facsimile of Oxford, 1891)). Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Ben Schwartz. Added in version 3.0.
- Killion/Waller-ATreasuryOfGeorgiaFolklore -- Ronald G. Killion and Charles T. Waller, A Treasury of Georgia Folklore (Cherokee Publishing Company, 1972). Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Robert B. Waltz. Added in v. 5.2.
This is primarily a book of folklore, but it has many song texts (although almost no tunes) at the end. The song chapters have been fully indexed.
- Kinloch-TheBalladBook -- [George R. Kinloch], The Ballad Book (, 1827). Ballads cited by Number and Page. Fully Indexed by Robert Waltz.
This is a difficult book to index, since none of the songs are attributed and it is clear that some are traditional and some not. I've guessed as best I could. - RBW
Now available on Google Books.
- Kinsey-SongsOfTheSea -- Terry Kinsey, Songs of the Sea (Robert Hale, 1989). Ballads cited by Page. Fully Indexed by Robert B. Waltz. Added in v. 5.1.
This book contains no source information, and several of the songs occur nowhere else. Several of them are quite sophisticated. They should perhaps be treated with caution.
- Korson-MinstrelsOfTheMinePatch❖ -- George Korson, Minstrels of the Mine Patch: Songs and Stories of the Anthracite Industry (Folklore Associates, 1938 (Folklore Associates reprint 1964)). Ballads cited by Page. Partially Indexed by Robert B. Waltz. Added in Version 6.2.
This book mixes songs with folktales, and only rarely prints a tune. Many of the songs and poems were collected from their authors, with no evidence of traditional circulation. In general I have indexed only those items which either have a tune or which were collected from tradition.
- Korson-PennsylvaniaSongsAndLegends -- George Korson, editor, Pennsylvania Songs and Legends (Felinfach, 1949). Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Robert B. Waltz. Added in version 3.2.
- Krythe-SamplerOfAmericanSongs -- Maymie R. Krythe, Sampler of American Songs (1969). Ballads cited by Number and Page. Indexed by Robert Waltz.
NOTE: This book describes a number of songs for which no music is included. As none of these pieces is traditional, only songs for which words and music are supplied are indexed.
- Lane/Gosbee-SongsOfShipsAndSailors -- Julia Lane and Fred Gosbee, compilers and editors, Songs of Ships & Sailors (Loomis House Press, 2021). Ballads cited by Page. Fully Indexed by Robert B. Waltz. Added in Version 6.4.
This book is beautifully presented and draws on many important unpublished sources. As a scholarly work, however, it has many deficiencies. Many, many of the songs are composite, often with only a few lines from tradition and the rest from printed sources. The authors admit to this, but I'm surprised that a book containing fixed-up songs does not offer guitar chords. And the scholarship, for a book published in 2021, is astonishingly incomplete. It appears to have been done almost entirely on the Internet, using sources like hymnary.org and Google Books. But there are no Laws numbers (!) despite there being many Laws ballads, and surely a book published in 2021 could have included Roud numbers. I'll admit that the authors' refusal to consult these important resources really made me cranky.
Also, there are too many things that are simply not traditional, the extreme example being a Longfellow poem. All items have been indexed, but if I had known how many un-traditional items there were toward the end of the book, I would not have done a full indexing.
Oh, and there was no ancient epic of "Ulysses"; his name was Odysseos. The fact that I point out petty details like that shows just how cranky this book made me. - RBW.
- Larkin-SingingCowboy -- Margaret Larkin, Singing Cowboy: A Book of Western Songs (1931; updated edition, with new format but no new songs, 1963). Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Robert Waltz. Added in version 2.2.
- Lawrence-MusicForPatriotsPoliticiansAndPresidents❖ -- Vera Brodsky Lawrence, Music for Patriots, Politicians, and Presidents: Harmonies and Discords of the First Hundred Years, (1975). Ballads cited by Page. Partially indexed by Robert Waltz. Added in version 3.5.
NOTE: This book consists mostly of non-traditional material, but with many of the pieces sung to traditional tunes. There are only a few citations of it in the main References field, but it supplies a very large number of Same Tune entries.
- Laws -- G. Malcolm Laws, Jr., Native American Balladry: A descriptive study and bibliographical syllabus (1964). Includes items with "Laws numbers" A through I. Ballads cited by Number. Indexed by Robert Waltz.
G. Malcolm Laws, Jr. American Ballads from British Broadsides: A guide for students and collectors of traditional song (1957). Includes items with "Laws numbers" J through Q. Ballads cited by Number. Indexed by Robert Waltz.
Note that Laws does not ordinarily include texts of the ballads he cites, although sample stanzas are usually given.
- Leach-FolkBalladsSongsOfLowerLabradorCoast -- MacEdward Leach, Folk Ballads & Songs of the Lower Labrador Coast (1965). Ballads cited by Number. Indexed by Ben Schwartz. Added in version 2.0.
- Leach-TheBalladBook -- MacEdward Leach, The Ballad Book (1955). Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Robert Waltz.
- Leach-HeritageBookOfBallads -- MacEdward Leach, The Heritage Book of Ballads (1967). Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Robert Waltz. Added in version 3.0.
- Leather-FolkLoreOfHerefordshire -- Ella Mary Leather, Folk-Lore of Herefordshire (1912/republished 1970). Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Robert Waltz. Added in version 2.0.
- Lehr/Best-ComeAndIWillSingYou -- Genevieve Lehr and Anita Best (Ed. G Lehr), Come and I Will Sing You (2003). Ballads cited by Number. Indexed by Ben Schwartz. Added in version 2.0.
- Lewis-FavoriteMichiganFolkSongs -- Tina Lewis, Favorite Michigan Folk Songs (Computer Design & Layout (?), 1987). Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Robert B. Waltz. Added in v. 5.1.
This is a small collection for use in the Michigan schools, clearly laid out on a Macintosh computer, printed on a dot-matrix printer, and copied; it has no pretensions of scholarship, but it is indexed because it includes materials almost inaccessible elsewhere.
- Leyden-BelfastCityOfSong -- Maurice Leyden, Belfast, City of Song (1989). Ballads cited by Number. Indexed by Ben Schwartz. Added in v. 2.3.
- LibraryThingCampSongsThread❖ -- (various contributors; edited by Robert Waltz), Thread on the LibraryThing cataloging web site entitled "Camp Songs" ((Web site), First post created August 28, 2021). Ballads cited by Post number. Partially Indexed by Robert B. Waltz. Added in Version 6.3.
This thread began on LibraryThing as someone randomly remembering children's songs, but it was in a forum for Over-Sixties, and they remembered a great many interesting things. User John5918 had a particularly rich collection of children's and rugby songs. He grew up in East London, then spend time in the northeast of England and knew many Irish Catholics.
Songs in this collection are cited by post humber and poster; if the song text is included and is in any way interesting, it is posted to the Supplemental Tradition.
- Linscott-FolkSongsOfOldNewEngland -- Eloise Hubbard Linscott, Folk Songs of Old New England (1939). Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Robert Waltz. Added in version 1.8.
- List-SingingAboutIt-FolkSongsInSouthernIndiana -- George List, Singing About It: Folk Song in Southern Indiana (Indiana Historical Society, 1991). Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Robert B. Watlz. Added in v. 5.3.
This book has extremely long notes on most of the song included, which often include additional texts or fragments of texts. Only the primary texts and tunes are noted in the text and tune count for the book.
- Logan-APedlarsPack❖ -- W. H. Logan, A Pedlar's Pack of Ballads and Songs (Singing Tree, 1869). Ballads cited by Page. Partially Indexed by Robert Waltz.
Now available on Google Books.
- Logsdon-WhorehouseBellsWereRinging -- Guy Logsdon, The Whorehouse Bells Were Ringing And Other Songs Cowboys Sing (1989). Ballads cited by Number and Page. Indexed by Robert B. Waltz. Added in version 2.3.
- Lomax-FolkSongsOfNorthAmerica -- Alan Lomax, The Folk Songs of North America (1960). Ballads cited by Number. Indexed by Robert Waltz.
- Lomax/Lomax-AmericanBalladsAndFolkSongs -- John A. Lomax and Alan Lomax, American Ballads and Folk Songs (1934). Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Robert Waltz.
- Lomax/Lomax-FolkSongUSA -- John A. and Alan Lomax with music arrangements by Charles and Ruth Seeger, Folk Song U.S.A. (1947). Ballads cited by Number. Indexed by Robert Waltz.
- Lomax/Lomax-OurSingingCountry -- John A. and Alan Lomax (Ruth Crawford Seeger, music editor), Our Singing Country (1941). Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Robert Waltz. Added in v. 3.2
- Lunsford/Stringfield-30And1FolkSongsFromSouthernMountains -- Bascom Lamar Lunsford and Lamar Stringfield, 30 and 1 Folk Songs from the Southern Mountains, (Carl Fischer, Inc., 1929). Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Robert B. Waltz. Added in version 4.4.
- Lyle-Andrew-CrawfurdsCollectionVolume1 -- E. B. Lyle, editor, Andrew Crawfurd's Collection of Ballads and Songs, Volume 1 (1975). Ballads cited by Number. Indexed by Ben Schwartz. Added in version 2.6.
- Lyle-Andrew-CrawfurdsCollectionVolume2 -- E. B. Lyle, editor, Andrew Crawfurd's Collection of Ballads and Songs, Volume 2 (1996). Ballads cited by Number. Indexed by Ben Schwartz. Added in version 2.6.
- Lyle/McAlpine/McLucas-SongRepertoireOfAmeliaAndJaneHarris -- Emily Lyle, Kaye McAlpine, Anne Dhu McLucas, The Song Repertoire of Amelia and Jane Harris (2002). Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Robert Waltz. Added in v. 4.2.
- Lyle-ScaldedToDeathByTheSteam -- Katie Letcher Lyle, Scalded to Death by the Steam: Authentic Stories of Railroad Disasters and the Ballads that Were Written about Them (1983, 1988, 1991). Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Robert B. Waltz. Added in version 3.6.
- Mackenzie-BalladsAndSeaSongsFromNovaScotia -- W. Roy Mackenzie, Ballads and Sea Songs from Nova Scotia (1963). Ballads cited by Number. Indexed by Ben Schwartz. Added in version 2.1.
- MacColl-PersonalChoice -- Ewan MacColl, Personal Choice (Hargail Musical Press, 1962?). Ballads cited by Page. Fully Indexed by Robert B. Waltz. Added in Version 6.1.
Many of these songs have been touched up by MacColl, and of the 48 with listed sources, a dozen are from his father or mother. But there are also several that seem to have been collected by MacColl, or given to him by Hamish Henderson, so the book is indexed although the texts cannot be considered reliable.
- MacColl-ShuttleAndCage-IndustrialFolkBallads❖ -- Ewan MacColl, The Shuttle & Cage: Industrial Folk Ballads (1954). Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Robert B. Waltz. Added in version 2.2.
- MacColl/Seeger-TravellersSongsFromEnglandAndScotland -- Ewan MacColl and Peggy Seeger, Travellers' Songs From England and Scotland (1977). Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Paul J. Stamler.
- MacLeod-SongsOfOldManitoba -- Margaret Arnett MacLeod, Songs of Old Manitoba (Ryerson Press, 1959). Ballads cited by Number and Page. Indexed by Robert B. Waltz. Added in version 4.2.
This sounds like a folk song book, but the items included are mostly historical songs (French as well as English); even if any of the songs are traditional, there is no documentation of field collections. It's just a short book of songs related to Metis and Manitoba history
- Manifold-PenguinAustralianSongbook❖ -- J. S. Manifold, The Penguin Australian Songbook (1964). Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Robert Waltz. NOTE: This book is fully indexed except for a handful of composed songs in the final section.
- Manny/Wilson-SongsOfMiramichi -- Louise Manny and James Reginald Wilson, Songs of Miramichi (1968). Ballads cited by Number. Indexed by Ben Schwartz. Added in versions 2.1
- McBride-FlowerOfDunaffHillAndMoreTradSongsInnishowen -- Jimmy McBride, The Flower of Dunaff Hill and More Traditional Songs Sung in Innishowen (1988). Ballads cited by Number. Indexed by Ben Schwartz. Added in v. 2.2.
- McIntosh-FolkSongsAndSingingGamesofIllinoisOzarks -- David S. McIntosh (edited by Dale R. Whiteside), Folk Songs and Singing Games of the Illinois Ozarks (Southern Illinois University Press, 1974). Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Robert Waltz. Added in v. 4.3.
- McMorland/Scott-HerdLaddieOTheGlen -- Alison McMorland, editor, and Willie Scott,Herd Laddie O the Glen, revised edition (2006). Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Ben Schwartz. Added in version 3.2
Note: Scott recorded a few of these songs for the School of Scottish Studies Archive and they can be heard online at the Tobar an Dualchais/Kist o Riches site.
- McNeil-SouthernFolkBalladsVol1 -- W. K. McNeil, Southern Folk Ballads (1987). Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Robert Waltz.
- McNeil-SouthernFolkBalladsVol2 -- W. K. McNeil, Southern Folk Ballads, Volume II (1988). Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Robert Waltz.
- McNeil-SouthernMountainFolksong -- W. K. McNeil, Southern Mountain Folksong (August House, 1993). Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Robert Waltz. Added in version 4.2.
- Meredith/Anderson-FolkSongsOfAustralia -- John Meredith and Hugh Anderson, Folk Songs of Australia (1968). Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Robert Waltz.
See also Meredith/Covell/Brown-FolkSongsOfAustraliaVol2 below; it is a sequel to this work but now published as volume 2 of a set.
- Meredith/Covell/Brown-FolkSongsOfAustraliaVol2❖ -- John Meredith, R. Covell, P. Brown, Folk Songs of Australia, Volume II (1987). Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Robert Waltz.
NOTE: This book regards itself as the sequel to Meredith/Anderson-FolkSongsOfAustralia (which is now published as Folk Songs of Australia, Volume I. The style of the two books is, however, very different. Volume II is much more a tunebook, consisting primarily of instrumentals. The level of research is lower, and the background information on the songs more limited. In the end, I was reduced largely to guessing which pieces qualified as actual folk songs.
- Meredith/Scott-AuthenticAustralianBushBallads -- John Meredith and Alan Scott, editors, Authentic Australian Bush Ballads (Southern Music Publishing Co. (A'asia) Pty. Ltd., 1960?). Ballads cited by Page. Fully Indexed by Robert B. Waltz. Added in Version 6.4.
Piano arrangements by Hal Evans. The notes on the songs, instead of being with the songs, are on the contents page (and are quite short). It appears that the informants are listed on the page where the song is printed -- but there is at least one exception, "The Shearer's Dream," where the authors are listed rather than the informants, so the informant names should perhaps be approached with caution. It is a short booklet, with just twelve songs.
- Meredith/Tritton-DukeOfTheOutback❖ -- John Meredith, Duke of the Outback: The Adventures of 'A Shearer Named Tritton' (Red Rooster publications, 1983). Ballads cited by Page. Partially indexed by Robert B. Waltz. Added in version 4.3.
NOTE: This book contains a biography of Duke Tritton, some of his prose writings, folktales collected from him, poems/songs Tritton wrote, and songs collected from him, plus odds and ends in praise of him. All the songs that were collected from him have been indexed, as have the pieces he wrote that also appeared in other works, but not the poems in praise of him nor the Tritton songs which do not appear to have been published elsewhere.
- Messerli-ListenToTheMockingbird -- Douglas Messerli, Listen to the Mockingbird: American Folksongs and Popular Music Lyrics of the 19th Century (Green Integer, 2005). Ballads cited by Page. Partially indexed by Robert Waltz. Added in version 4.3.
NOTE: This is a sort of a modern re-creation of a 19th century songster, consisting of popular American songs of that era. There are notes on some of the song, although rarely carefully researched. Most of the songs it contains went into tradition to some degree, so I'd guess that I indexed in excess of 80% of the contents. It isn't of much use for scholars, but if you want a collection of most of the best-known songs of the nineteenth century, and don't need tunes, it might be useful.
- Mills-FavoriteSongsOfNewfoundland -- Alan Mills (with piano accompaniments by Kenneth Peacock), Favorite Songs of Newfoundland (1958; references are to the 1969 Berandol edition). Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Robert Waltz. Added in v. 4.3.
- Montgomerie/Montgomerie-ScottishNurseryRhymes❖ -- Norah & William Montgomerie, Scottish Nursery Rhymes (1964). Ballads cited by Number. Indexed by Robert Waltz. Added in v. 2.2.
NOTE: The Montgomeries produced several earlier nursery rhyme books. This is a reduced and de-scotticised version of their collection. As such, it is very difficult to use: There are no indications of sources, and any random rhyme may have been edited lightly or heavily. Properly the source books should be cited, and this ignored -- but this seems to be the most available of the Montgomerie books.
- Moore-IrishMelodies-1846❖ -- Thomas Moore, Moore's Irish Melodies: The Illustrated 1846 Edition (Dover Publications (original edition by Longmans, Brown, Green, and Longmans), 1846 (republished 2000)). Ballads cited by Page. Partially Indexed by Robert B. Waltz. Added in Version 6.1.
As the description says, this is an illustrated edition of Thomas Moore's songs (with illustrations by Daniel MacLise), and three notes should be made: It is often very hard to know where one poem ends and another begins because of the illustrations (many are not titled). Also, some of the illustrations are nudes, some of them of children. And there are no tunes. But this is one of Moore's later editions, with relatively final texts.
Now available on Google Books.
- Moore/Moore-BalladsAndFolkSongsOfTheSouthwest -- Ethel Moore and Chauncey O. Moore, Ballads and Folk Songs of the Southwest (1964). Ballads cited by Number. Indexed by Ben Schwartz. Added in version 3.3.
- Morgan/Green-RugbySongs -- Harry Morgan (Michael Green, preface), Why Was He Born So Beautiful and Other Rugby Songs (Sphere Books, 1967, 1985). Ballads cited by Page. Fully Indexed by Robert B. Waltz. Added in Version 6.3.
Early editions were published as "Why Was He Born So Beautiful and Other Rugby Songs"; later editions (including the 1985 paperback indexed here) were titled simply "Rugby Songs." This version does not even mention compiler Harry Morgan on the cover or title page; the only mention is on the copyright page.
The book has no source information at all -- nor even an index of titles or of first lines. No tunes are ever indicated. Several of the items are pretty definitely not traditional. But all have been indexed, because, in the absence of sources, there is no way to know what "should" be indexed.
- Morgan-MedievalBallads-ChivalryRomanceAndEverydayLife -- Gwendolyn A. Morgan, editor and translator, Medieval Ballads: Chivalry, Romance, and Everyday Life: A Critical Anthology, (Peter Lang, 1996). Ballads cited by Page. Partially indexed by Robert B. Waltz. Added in version 4.0.
NOTE: This volume contains texts of many significant ballads -- but it modernizes them and does not note sources. The notes are extremely limited. A frankly disappointing work, but it might sometimes serve as a useful gloss for ballads like "Judas."
- Morris-FolksongsOfFlorida -- Alton C. Morris, Folksongs of Florida (1950). (References are to the 1990 University of Florida Press paperback with an introduction by Robert S. Thomson.) Ballads cited by Number. Indexed by Robert Waltz. Added in v. 3.7.
- Morton-FolksongsSungInUlster -- Robin Morton, Folksongs Sung in Ulster (1970). Ballads cited by Number. Indexed by Ben Schwartz. Added in version 2.3.
- Morton/Maguire-ComeDayGoDayGodSendSunday -- Robin Morton, Come Day, Go Day, God Send Sunday (1973). Ballads cited by Number and Page. Indexed by Ben Schwartz. Added in version 2.3.
- Moylan-TheAgeOfRevolution-1776-1815 -- Terry Moylan, The Age of Revolution 1776 to 1815 in the Irish Song Tradition (2000). Ballads cited by Number. Indexed by Ben Schwartz. Added in v. 2.2.
NOTE: Unless there is a specific comment that the song was popular there is no assumption that a ballad is "FOUND IN: Ireland." Moylan writes that "the book started its life as a collection of traditional material, but along the way I came across much material that was so interesting or entertaining that it begged for inclusion." Some entries are analogous to considering the Bernie Taupin/Elton John 1975 "Philadelphia Freedom" to be a reference for the American Revolution; for example, Moylan includes not only Madden's "Captain Dwyer," printed in his 1887 "Literary Remains...," but Fowler's "Michael Dwyer's Lament" written in 1998, about the 1798 rebel and guerilla.
- Munnelly/Deasy-TheMountCallanGarland-Tom-Lenihan -- Tom Munnelly and Marian Deasy, The Mount Callan Garland--Songs from the repetoire of Tom Lenihan (1994). Ballads cited by Number. Indexed by Ben Schwartz. Added in v. 2.2.
- Murray-FolkSongsOfJamaica -- Tom Murray, Folk Songs of Jamaica (1951). Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Ben Schwartz. Added in v. 3.7.
- Musick-JAF-TheOldAlbumOf-William-A-Larkin -- Ruth Ann Musick, "The Old Album of William A Larkin" in The Journal of American Folklore, Vol. LX, No. 237 (Jul-Sep 1947 (available online by JSTOR)). Ballads cited by Number. Indexed by Ben Schwartz. Added in v. 3.0.
The spelling and punctuation in "the old album" is not very good but I have not tried to correct it in song titles or other quotations, though some [sic]s have been thrown in when the error was not just misplaced or unplaced apostrophes.
- National-4HClubSongBook❖ -- (no author listed; preface by Ella Gardner; Ray A. Turner, Chairman, Committee on 4-H Club Music), National 4-H Club Song Book (National Committee on Boys and Girls Club Work, 1938). Ballads cited by Page. Partially Indexed by Robert B. Waltz. Added in Version 6.3.
The edition indexed is listed as the Fifth Edition. Book includes both texts and tunes. I have no proof of this, but the very strong impression I got in indexing this book was that it was significantly influenced by Rodeheaver-SociabilitySongs; a very large fraction of its uncredited songs are from that book (45 of 62 songs indexed in this book are also in Rodeheaver).
- Neely/Spargo-TalesAndSongsOfSouthernIllinois -- Charles Neely (collector), edited with a foreword by John Webster Spargo, "Tales and Songs of Southern Illinois" (1938). Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Robert B. Waltz. Added in v. 3.2.
- New-Comic-Songster❖ -- (No author listed), The New Comic Songster (Oliver Ditson and Co., 1870). Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Robert B. Waltz. Added in v. 5.3.
Although this calls itself a songster, it is actually a songbook, with staff music for all songs.
- Newell-GamesAndSongsOfAmericanChildren -- William Wells Newell (new introduction by Carl Withers), Games and Songs of American Children (Dover, 1883; revised edition 1903; Dover edition with new introduction by Carl Withers 1963). Ballads cited by Number. Fully Indexed by Robert B. Waltz. Added in Version 3.3.
This is a book of games, not all of them musical. I have indexed everything with text, even if it is not clear that it is in fact a song/singing game. I have not indexed items for which there is a game description but no rhyme.
Original 1883 edition now available on Google Books.
- Niles-BalladBookOfJohnJacobNiles -- John Jacob Niles, The Ballad Book of John Jacob Niles (1961). Ballads cited by Number. Indexed by Robert Waltz.
NOTE: Niles is known to have retouched a number of the pieces he worked with. The consensus of scholars is that Niles's book, and his source notes, should not be considered reliable.
- Niles/Moore-SongsMyMotherNeverTaughtMe -- John J. "Jack" Niles and Douglas S. "Doug" Moore (with cartoons by A. A. "Wally" Wallgren), Songs My Mother Never Taught Me (1929). Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Robert Waltz. Added in v. 3.3.
Note: Many of the songs in this book are not found elsewhere, which leads to the speculation that John Jacob Niles wrote them and passed them off as traditional. But some are traditional, so the whole book is indexed. Users are urged to be cautious with it, however.
- OBoyle-TheIrishSongTradition -- Sean O Boyle, The Irish Song Tradition (1976). Ballads cited by Number. Indexed by Ben Schwartz. Added in version 2.3.
- OCanainn-SongsOfCork -- Tomas O Canainn, Songs of Cork (1978). Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Ben Schwartz. Added in version 2.3.
- O'Conor-OldTimeSongsAndBalladOfIreland -- Manus O'Conor, Old-Time Songs and Ballads of Ireland (1901). Ballads cited by Page. Partially indexed by Ben Schwartz. Added in version 2.2.
NOTE: This book is very close to Manus O'Conor, Irish Com-All-Ye's [sic.] (New York, 1901), available online as digitized by Google. Irish Com-All-Ye's adds three songs ("Give Me Three Grains of Corn, Mother," "Kathleen Mavourneen" and "Mollie Darling." Irish Com-All-Ye's omits "Flag of Our Land" and all the tune pages: as a result it is also missing "Come to Glengariff," "Kate of Arraglen," "Emigrant's Song, "Kate of Carnavilla," "Hy-Brasail," "Banks of the Lee," "Woods of Kylinoe," and "The Exile."
- OCroinin/Cronin-TheSongsOfElizabethCronin -- Daibhi O Croinin, The Songs of Elizabeth Cronin (2000). Ballads cited by Number. Indexed by Ben Schwartz. Added in version 3.2
- Ohrlin-HellBoundTrain -- Glenn Ohrlin, The Hell-Bound Train (1973). Foreword by Archie Green; Biblio-Discography by Harlan Daniel. Ballads cited by Number. Indexed by Robert Waltz.
Note: A handful of pieces by Ohrlin himself have not been indexed.
- OLochlainn-IrishStreetBallads - Colm O Lochlainn, Irish Street Ballads (1960). Ballads cited by Number, Appendix II by Page. Indexed by Ben Schwartz. Added in version 2.1.
- OLochlainn-MoreIrishStreetBallads - Colm O Lochlainn, More Irish Street Ballads (1978). Ballads cited by Number, Addendum by Page. Indexed by Ben Schwartz. Added in version 2.1.
- Olson-BroadsideBalladIndex❖ -- W. Bruce Olson, Broadside Ballad Index: Incomplete Contents Listing of 17th Century Broadside Ballad Collections, With a Few Ballads and Garlands of the 18th Century (, ). Ballads cited by Olson Number. Partially Indexed by Robert Waltz.
Another version of the data, separately converted to HTML, is at https://mudcat.org/olson/viewpage.cfm?theurl=BRDNDRD.html.
- OneTuneMore❖ -- (no author listed), One Tune More: Songs of America (World Around Songs, none listed but after 1939). Ballads cited by Page. Partially Indexed by Robert B. Waltz. Added in Version 6.3.
A standard "camp booklet" sized publication (7" x 4"). It has no indication as to author or date and little indication of purpose.
- Opie/Opie-OxfordDictionaryOfNurseryRhymes - Iona and Peter Opie, The Oxford Dictionary of Nursery Rhymes (1997). Nursery rhymes cited by Number. Partially Indexed by Ben Schwartz. Added in version 2.1.
- Opie/Opie-TheSingingGame - Iona and Peter Opie, The Singing Game (1985). Ballads cited by Number, incidental texts cited by Page. Indexed by Ben Schwartz. Added in version 2.6.
- Ord-BothySongsAndBallads -- John Ord, Bothy Songs and Ballads (1930). (Reprint edition with introduction by Alexander Fenton printed 1995.) Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Robert Waltz. Added in version 2.0 (with some entries added earlier).
- OShaughnessy/Grainger-TwentyOneLincolnshireFolkSongs -- Patrick O'Shaughnessy, editor, Twenty-One Lincolnshire Folk-Songs, (London: Oxford University Press, 1968). Ballads cited by Number. Indexed by Ben Schwartz. Added in version 3.0.
- OShaughnessy-MoreFolkSongsFromLincolnshire -- Patrick O'Shaughnessy, editor, More Folk Songs from Lincolnshire, (London: Oxford University Press, 1971). Ballads cited by Number. Indexed by Ben Schwartz. Added in version 3.0.
- OShaughnessy-YellowbellyBalladsPart1 -- Patrick O'Shaughnessy, editor, Yellowbelly Ballads Part One (Lincoln: Lincolnshire and Humberside Arts, 1975). Ballads cited by Number. Indexed by Ben Schwartz. Added in version 3.0.
- OShaughnessy-YellowbellyBalladsPart2 -- Patrick O'Shaughnessy, editor, Yellowbelly Ballads Part Two, (Lincoln: Lincolnshire and Humberside Arts, 1975). Ballads cited by Number. Indexed by Ben Schwartz. Added in version 3.0.
NOTE: As with all of the O'Shaughnessy books indexed here be sure to read the notes for each song. O'Shaughnessy creates composites for his texts but his notes explain how each composite was built.
- Owens-TexasFolkSongs-1ed -- William A. Owens, Texas Folk Songs, first edition (Dallas: SMU Press, 1950). Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Ben Schwartz. Added in version 3.5.
- Owens-TexasFolkSongs-2ed -- William A. Owens, Texas Folk Songs, second edition (Dallas: SMU Press, 1976). Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Ben Schwartz. Added in version 3.5.
NOTE: Owens's second edition is not merely an expanded or corrected version of his first; it removes songs as well as adding them. So they are indexed separately.
- Palmer-EnglishCountrySongbook -- Roy Palmer, English Country Songbook (1979). (References are to the 2008 Faber and Faber reprint; cited by Steve Roud from the 1979 edition as Everyman's Book of English Country Songs.) Ballads cited by Number. Indexed by Robert Waltz. Added in v. 3.7.
- Palmer-FolkSongsCollectedBy-Ralph-VaughanWilliams -- Roy Palmer (editor), Folk Songs Collected by Ralph Vaughan Williams (JM Dent & Sons, 1983). Ballads cited by Number. Indexed by Robert B. Waltz. Added in version 4.2.
NOTE: Many of the collections by Vaughan Williams included full tunes but only partial lyrics, and Palmer has filled out the texts (sometimes adding so much that I'm not sure he has actually chosen material from the same song). One should always check the notes to the song (hidden in the back of the book) to see what is from Vaughan Williams and his informants and what from Palmer.
- Palmer-OxfordBookOfSeaSongs -- Roy Palmer, The Oxford Book of Sea Songs (Oxford University Press, 1986). Ballads cited by Number. Indexed by Robert Waltz. Added in v. 4.4.
Note: Later republished in an expanded edition as Boxing the Compass. The book opens primarily with pieces from broadsides, and ends with a lot of pop folk songs, neither of which show any evidence of being traditional, but they're indexed for the sake of completeness.
- Palmer-ThePainfulPlow -- Roy Palmer, The Painful Plow (1972). (References are to the 2001 reprint.) Ballads cited by Number. Indexed by Robert Waltz. Added in v. 3.7.
- Pankake/Pankake-PrairieHomeCompanionFolkSongBook❖ -- Marcia and Jon Pankake, A Prairie Home Companion Folk Song Book (Viking Press, 1988). Ballads cited by Page. Partially Indexed by Robert Waltz.
This book was very difficult to index, as it does not indicate sources and includes a large number of obvious fakes (e.g. suggestions for tunes for Poe's "The Raven"). On the other hand, it includes a large amount of genuinely folk material (particularly children's songs) not found elsewhere (because no one else has bothered publishing it). As a result, I've indexed it as best I can (often relegating things to the "Same Tune" field). If someone can demonstrate that an unindexed song is actually traditional, I'd like to hear about it.
Although not credited as an author, I am told that Garrison Keillor had a lot of influence on the contents, often (I suspect) to the detriment of the book; I know the Pankakes a little, and their scholarly standards are higher than those shown by this book.
The volume was later republished as Joe's Got a Head like a Ping Pong Ball.
- Parrish-SlaveSongsOfTheGeorgiaSeaIslands -- Lydia Parrish, Slave Songs of the Georgia Sea Islands (1942) (references are to the 1992 University of Georgia Press reprint). Ballads cited by Number and Page. Indexed by Ben Schwartz. Added in Version 4.1.
- Paterson/Fahey/Seal-OldBushSongs-CentenaryEdition -- Warren Fahey & Graham Seal, editors, Old Bush Songs: The Centenary Edition of Banjo Paterson's Classic Collection (2005). Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Robert Waltz. Added in v. 2.3.
NOTE: This is not really an edition of Old Bush Songs; rather, it starts from Old Bush Songs, but adds much background and new songs. The editors would be fully justified in calling it a new book using Paterson as a major source.
- Peacock -- Kenneth Peacock, Songs of the Newfoundland Outports
(1965). Three volumes with continuous page numbering. Ballads cited by
Page. Indexed by Ben Schwartz. Added in version 2.0.
See also the next item.
NOTE: If you plan to use Peacock as the basis for research you should read
An Operative Model for Analyzing Kenneth Peacock's Newfoundland Song Collection
by Anna Kearney Guigné in Canadian Folk Music Bulletin, Summer 2003, Vol 37.2
[ISSN 0829-5344], pp. 1-6.
Guigné listened to Peacock's field recordings and interviewed him in 1994.
Her article includes her observations about Peacock's approach and the ways
his ear and preferences affect the collection. Of course, the same kind of effects
are true of every collection but Guigné's article is specific to Peacock's.
- PeacockCDROM -- "Kenneth Peacock's Songs of the Newfoundland Outports,"
SingSong CDROM SS 0305 (2001). Indexed by Ben Schwartz.
NOTE: The CDROM includes the printed texts, tunes and notes of the previously indexed
book by Kenneth Peacock, Songs of the Newfoundland Outports (1965).
It adds a MIDI file for each tune. Its recordings, indexed here, include the
full version of 59 songs and 209 entries limited to one verse. The CD-ROM
is available only for Windows 32-bit systems.
- Percy/Wheatley-ReliquesOfAncientEnglishPoetry❖ -- Thomas Percy, Reliques of Ancient English Poetry edited by Henry B. Wheatley. Three volumes. Ballads cited by Volume number and page. Indexed by Robert Waltz.
NOTE: Contains Percy's complete original texts and notes, with annotations plus many texts from the Percy folio manuscript. Three volumes. This book contains, in additional to traditional lyrics, a great deal of poetry, mostly from the fifteenth to seventeenth centuries. Sometimes it is hard to tell which is which. The attempt has been made to index the most popular pieces even if they cannot be shown to be traditional.
It should be kept in mind that Thomas Percy had absolutely no compunction about rewriting his texts. Wheatley generally tries to give the unedited original if it can be identified, but frequently it could not be. And absolutely nothing in Percy can be treated as reliable.
For the original Folio manuscript which inspired Percy's activities, see Hales/Furnival-BishopPercysFolioManuscript.
- Peters-FolkSongsOutOfWisconsin -- Harry B. Peters, Folk Songs out of Wisconsin (1977). Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Robert Waltz. Added in v. 2.6.
- Porter/Gower-Jeannie-Robertson-EmergentSingerTransformativeVoice -- James Porter and Herschel Gower, Jeannie Robertson: Emergent Singer, Transformative Voice (Tuckwell Press, 2995). Ballads cited by Number and Page. Indexed by David G. Engle. Added in v. 5.3.
- Pottie/Ellis-FolksongsOfTheMaritimes -- Kaye Pottie and Vernon Ellis, Folksongs of the Maritimes (Formac Publishing, 1992). Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Robert B. Waltz. Added in version 5.0.
NOTE: This is a book designed for schools, so the notes are limited, and most of the songs come from Helen Creighton's collections, but there are some songs which have not been elsewhere printed
- Pound-AmericanBalladsAndSongs -- Louise Pound, American Ballads and Songs (1922).
Ballads cited by Number and Page. Indexed by Robert Waltz.
- Purslow-TheConstantLovers -- Frank Purslow, The Constant Lovers (English Folk-Dance and Song Society, 1972). Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Robert B. Waltz. Added in Version 4.2.
- Quiller-Couch-OxfordBookOfBallads -- The Oxford Book of Ballads, edited by Arthur Quiller-Couch (1920). Ballads cited by Number. Indexed by Robert Waltz.
- Rabson-SongbookOfTheAmericanRevolution❖ -- Carolyn Rabson, Songbook of the American Revolution (NEO Press, 1974). Ballads cited by Page. Partially Indexed by Robert B. Waltz. Added in Version 4.4.
There are only a few songs in this book which are indexed in their own right, but there are so many "Same Tune" items that I decided it deserved a place in the Index.
- Randolph -- Vance Randolph, Ozark Folksongs (1946-1950).
Four volumes (Volume I contains songs 1-130; Volume II contains songs 131-341;
Volume III has songs 342-594; Volume IV has ballads 595-883). Ballads cited
by Number. Indexed by Robert Waltz.
- Randolph/Cohen-OzarkFolksongs-Abridged -- Vance Randolph, Ozark Folksongs, edited and abridged by Norm Cohen (1982). Ballads cited by Page, with Randolph numbers also cite Indexed by Robert Waltz. Added in v. 1.7.
NOTE: Although a possessor of the first edition of Randolph will possess all the material found in this book, Cohen's additional notes are useful, and it contains songs which were omitted from the second printing of Randolph for copyright reasons. In addition, the music has been reset and the whole gives a more attractive appearance. The book has been indexed for this reason. -- RBW
- Randolph/Legman-RollMeInYourArms -- Vance Randolph, Roll Me in Your Arms: "Unprintable" Ozark Folksongs and Folklore, edited with an introduction by G. Legman (1992). Two volumes. Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Ed Cray.
- Ranson-SongsOfTheWexfordCoast -- Joseph Ranson, Songs of the Wexford Coast (1975). Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Ben Schwartz. Added in version 2.1
- Reeves-TheEverlastingCircle -- James Reeves, editor, The Everlasting Circle, (1960).Ballads cited by Number. Indexed by Ben Schwartz. Added in v. 2.7.
NOTE: Reeves-Circle has 142 numbered and 4 unnumbered songs from the S. Baring-Gould, H.E.D. Hammond and George B. Gardiner manuscripts.
- Reeves/Sharp-TheIdiomOfThePeople -- James Reeves, editor, The Idiom of the People, (1965). Ballads cited by Number. Indexed by Ben Schwartz. Added in v. 2.6.
NOTE: Reeves/Sharp-TheIdiomOfThePeople has 115 numbered and 11 unnumbered dated Sharp manuscripts (including a number of texts identified as composites).
- Richardson/Spaeth-AmericanMountainSongs -- Ethel Park Richardson (edited and arranged by Sigmund Spaeth), American Mountain Songs (1927 (reprinted 1955)). Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Robert Waltz. Added in v. 5.0.
- Rickaby-BalladsAndSongsOfTheShantyBoy -- Franz Rickaby, Ballads and Songs of the Shanty-Boy (1926). Ballads cited by Number. Indexed by Robert Waltz. Added in v. 1.6.
- Rickaby/Dykstra/Leary-PineryBoys-SongsSongcatchingInLumberjackEra -- Franz Rickaby (edited by Gretchen Dykstra and James P. Leary), Pinery Boys: Songs and Songcatching in the Lumberjack Era (University of Wisconsin Press, 2017). Ballads cited by Number. Indexed by Robert B. Waltz. Added in version 4.3.
NOTE: This is an expanded version of Rickaby's Ballads and Songs of the Shanty-Boy; it adds a bio of Rickaby and a few more songs. It also has a list showing how much great Rickaby material is still unpublished. The numbers of the songs in Rickaby are unchanged; for a folk music scholar, the only important addition is the fourteen new songs, which aren't the best from the Rickaby archive. If you already have the 1926 Rickaby, this probably isn't worth having, although it's a very good book if you don't have Rickaby.
- Rickert-AncientEnglishChristmasCarols❖ -- Edith Rickert, Ancient English Christmas Carols (London: Chatto & Windus / New York: Duffield & Co., 1910 (references are to the 2015? wildsidebooks edition, but since that is a photoreproduction, the pagination should be unchanged)). Ballads cited by Page. Partially Indexed by Robert B. Waltz. Added in Version 3.8.
This book is a collection of "carols" primarily from the manuscript era, although it includes some newer things (a few of them MUCH newer). It is under-sourced and, perhaps, over-modernized; the manuscripts behind the versions it contains are not listed, and because the editor does not spell out full details of her editorial procedures, it's not always clear what is from the manuscript and what has had its orthography altered. And much of the material in the book was clearly never traditional. But Edith Rickert was a great classical scholar, known for her work on Chaucer, so it is possible that this book may be found in libraries that do not include other books of ancient carols. It is indexed on that basis.
Now available on Google Books.
- Riewerts-BalladRepertoireOfAnnaGordon-MrsBrownOfFalkland -- Sigrid Rieuwerts, editor, The Ballad Repertoire of Anna Gordon, Mrs Brown of Falkland (2011). Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Robert Waltz. Added in v. 2.6.
- Rimbault-Musical IllustrationsOfBishopPercysReliques❖ -- Edward F. Rimbault, LL.D., Musical Illustrations of Bishop Percy's Reliques of Ancient English Poetry (Cramer, Beale, and Co. (I use the undated Nabu Press facsimile which is a low-grade copy with the odd-numbered pages on the even numbered sides because they didn't start the pagination right!), 1850). Ballads cited by Roman Numeral and Page. Partially Indexed by Robert B. Waltz. Added in Version 6.2.
This book supplies tunes for some of the texts in Percy's Reliques, and many of these are verifiable externally. But several of Rimbault's alleged sources can no longer be found, or at least no longer seem to contain the tunes he claims to cite, so one must always be cautious with an unverifiable Rimbault tune. Also, Rimbault had this set using long s rather than the modern s, giving a false air of antiquity; one cannot help but wonder what other tricks he might have pulled...
Now available on Google Books.
- Ritchie-FolkSongsOfTheSouthernAppalachians -- Jean Ritchie, Folk Songs of the Southern Appalachians (As Sung by Jean Ritchie) (second edition, 1997). Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Robert Waltz. Added in v. 2.2.
NOTE: The second edition differs from the first in the addition of four songs, "Loving Hannah," "Loving Henry," "Her Mantle So Green," and "The Reckless and Rambling Boy." This, plus changes in the typesetting, has caused the pagination to change, but the differences do not seem substantial enough to justify indexing the first edition separately.
- Ritchie-SingingFamilyOfTheCumberlands -- Jean Ritchie, Jean Ritchie's Singing Family of the Cumberlands (1955). Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Robert Waltz.
NOTE: Song titles are not given with the sheet music in this book. They have been taken from the text and/or index, and therefore are placed in [brackets] in the Index entries.
- Ritson-AncientSongsBalladsFromHenrySecondToTheRevolution❖ -- Joseph Ritson, Ancient Songs and Ballads from The Reign of King Henry the Second to the Revolution (Third Edition Carefully Revised by W. Carew Hazlitt) (Reeves and Turner / republished by Singing Tree Press, 1877 / 1968). Ballads cited by Page. Partially Indexed by Robert B. Waltz. Added in Version 5.0.
Now available on Google Books.
- Ritson-RobinHood -- Joseph Ritson, Robin Hood (republished by EP Publishing (with a new introduction by Jim Lees), 1795; 1823; republished 1972). Ballads cited by Page. Fully Indexed by Robert B. Waltz. Added in Version 5.0.
This was the first major scholarly collection of Robin Hood ballads, and as such it has great historical significance -- but it should be emphasized that the Life of Robin that Ritson concocted has no value whatsoever and in fact clearly contradicts several of the oldest ballads. It functioned primarily to spur the growth of the modern Robin Hood knock-offs.
Now available on Google Book.
- Roberts-SangBranchSettlers -- Leonard Roberts (with music transcriptions by C. Buell Agey), Sang Branch Settlers: Folksongs and Tales of a Kentucky Mountain Family (American Folklore Society/University of Texas Press, 1974). Ballads cited by Number. Indexed by Robert B. Waltz. Added in version 4.2.
NOTE: This book starts with a hundred folk songs, then several dozen tales, jokes, and riddles. The items identified as folk songs are indexed. Only a few of the tales -- those which I could instantly identify with songs -- were indexed.
- Rodeheaver-SociabilitySongs❖ -- Homer A. Rodeheaver, Sociability Songs (The Rodeheaver Company, 1928). Ballads cited by Page. Partially Indexed by Robert B. Waltz. Added in Version 6.3.
The Rodeheaver Company was primarily devoted to arranging and publishing "Better Sacred Music." This booklet is a partial exception; although it is heavy on sacred music (even more so than most camp songbooks, which tend to have a lot of religious songs and hymns), it includes a number of musical categories: "National Songs" (i.e. patriotic songs, which almost all strike me as either thoroughly familiar or thoroughly bad), "Folk Songs" (a badly mislabeled category; it contains mostly nineteenth century pop songs), "Sacred Songs," "Thanksgiving Songs," "Christmas Songs," "Negro Spirituals," "Human Interest," "Stunt Songs & Rounds." It also has several Farm Bureau songs, which seems an odd mix, and it seems it lifted almost all its gags and short jokes from Harbin-Parodology (which has far more of them). It was, at least, non-denominational (at least one Rodeheaver hymnal seems to have been most popular with Rosicrucians, whatever that tells you), and so seems to have been used fairly widely in church camps. As a result, it helped place a certain number of camp songs in tradition. It doesn't really feel like a camp songbook, though -- for one thing, every song has a four-part vocal/piano arrangement. And the multiple racist items in it don't leave me any too impressed with Rodeheaver's religion....
- Root-StoryOfAMusicalLife-GeorgeFRoot❖ -- George F. Root, The Story of a Musical Life: An Autobiography of George F. Root (John Church Co. (reprinted by Da Capo Press), 1891 (reprinted 1970)). Ballads cited by Page. Partially Indexed by Robert B. Waltz. Added in Version 6.0.
This is an autobiography of Root with a selection of songs at the back. It often describes the origin of Root's songs, but since it is unindexed, it is not always possible to find the details on a particular song. The song section at the back is far from comprehensive, but it includes most of his hits as well as several examples of his work as arranger or pieces that show his evolution as a writer. Most of the latter never went into tradition; I have indexed only the items that showed up in the Index for other reasons.
Now available on Google Books.
- Rorrer-RamblingBlues-LifeAndSongsOfCharliePoole❖ -- Kinney Rorrer, Rambling Blues: The Life & Songs of Charlie Poole (1982). Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Robert Waltz.
NOTE: This is primarily a biography of Poole, but it also includes complete texts of Poole's songs and extremely detailed discographic information; it can in effect be considered the liner notes for the County reissues of Poole recordings (which include no useful information).
- Rosenbaum-FolkVisionsAndVoices -- Art Rosenbaum (collector and artist, with photos by Margo Newmark Rosenbaum and musical transcriptions by Béla Foltin, Jr.), Folk Visions & Voices: Traditional Music and Song in North Georgia (1983). Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Robert Waltz. Added in version 2.6.
- Roud -- Steve Roud's Folksong Index, (, ). Ballads cited by Roud Number. Fully Indexed by Robert Waltz (and others). Added in Version 1.7.
A database pointing to over 200,000 song citations plus broadsides, etc. Citations by Roud Number. Search the Roud Index using the search box at the top of the URL given here. The equivalences between the Ballad and Roud Indices are those determined by the Ballad Index staff, not Steve Roud.
Observe that the Ballad Index and the Roud Index can now both be accessed jointly using the Ballad Index software for PC, Macintosh, and iPad; also that the Roud Index has links which point bac to the Ballad Index web site. Note that not all these citations are actual texts or tunes; some are mere mentions in reference books. In addition, Roud has a strong philosophy of lumping songs, whereas the Ballad Index splits. Thus it should not be assumed that the fact that every Roud number corresponds exactly with the Ballad Index item for which it is cited. (For instance, Roud lumps "The Baffled Knight" and "The New-Mown Hay" as Roud #11. Even more extreme is Roud #2, which includes every "Unfortunate Rake" variant, from "Rake" itself to "Jack Combs" to "The Streets of Laredo" even to, apparently, "Saint James Infirmary.") Also, the Roud Index, like the Ballad Index, is an ongoing work, and so there is no possible way to keep the two indices entirely coordinated.
- Roud/Bishop-NewPenguinBookOfEnglishFolkSongs -- Steve Roud and Julia Bishop, The New Penguin Book of English Folk Songs (2012; references are to the 2013 Penguin paperback). Ballads cited by Number. Indexed by Robert Waltz. Added in version 4.1.
- Ryan/Small-HaulinRopeAndGaff -- Shannon Ryan and Larry Small, Haulin' Rope & Gaff: Songs and Poetry in the History of the Newfoundland Seal Fishery (1978). Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Robert Waltz. Added in v. 2.0.
NOTE: This book probably should have been partially rather than fully indexed; it contains far too many modern pieces, some of them rather political and many of them frankly very bad. But this was not evident in the early going, and once I'd started, there seemed little reason to stop. But over two-thirds of the pieces in this book were not found in any other indexed volume at the time I indexed it.
Note further that the book has very little documentation. The Ballad Index attempts to supply the book with appropriate notes, identifying ships, characters, and captains
- Sackett/Koch-KansasFolklore -- S. J. Sackett and William E. Koch, editors, Kansas Folklore (Ted Varney's University Book Store, 1961 (sixth reprint 1976)). Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Robert Waltz. Added in v. 4.5.
NOTE: This has two essays on folk songs (by Henry H. Malone and Joan O'Bryant), but much of the folk material is in other sections, often children's rhymes; as of version 4.5, this material is not in the Roud Index.
The book also contains many verses from late nineteenth century "autograph books"; most of this is clearly not traditional, but when it sounds folky, or when there appear to be multiple folk processed versions, I have included it. I grant that my decisions on this were arbitrary
- Saffel-CowboyPoetry❖ -- Julie Saffel, editor, Cowboy Poetry (2001). Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Robert Waltz.
NOTE: This isn't a songbook, and it consists primarily of poems rather than folk songs. The last 20% of the book, however, consists of items from John A. Lomax's Cowboy Songs, and since Saffel is available as of the time of indexing, and Cowboy Songs isn't, it seemed appropriate to index the book for the Lomax content. If you have Cowboy Songs, forget it.
- Salt-BuckeyeHeritage-OhiosHistory -- Elizabeth Anne Salt, Buckeye Heritage: Ohio's History in Song (Enthea Press (Columbus, Ohio/Atlanta, Georgia), 1992). Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Robert B. Waltz. Added in v. 5.3.
Although most of the material in this book is described as traditional (there are a few exceptions, many of them by Pearl R. Nye), no sources are indicated for any of them. I have indexed the whole book, but do not regard the songs it contains as being from Ohio tradition unless the attribution is supported by more reliable sources.
- Sandburg-TheAmericanSongbag -- Carl Sandburg, The American Songbag (1927). Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Robert Waltz.
- Sanders-SingHighSingLow❖ -- Mary A. Sanders (Mary Alison Sanders), Sing High, Sing Low ((publisher not listed), 1946). Ballads cited by Page. Partially Indexed by Robert B. Waltz. Added in Version 6.3.
Camp songbook, regarded by Averill-CampSongsFolkSongs as a significant source of camp songs. Probably intended primarily for girls' camps.
- Saunders/Root-MusicOfStephenCFoster-Vol2❖ -- Steven Saunders and Deane L. Root, The Music of Stephen C. Foster: Volume 2, 1856-1869 (1990). Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Robert Waltz.
NOTE: Consists of reproductions of Foster's published songs, with critical notes following. Both sheet music and notes are cited in the Ballad Index notes.
- Scarborough-ASongCatcherInSouthernMountains -- Dorothy Scarborough, A Song Catcher in Southern Mountains (1937). Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Robert B. Waltz. Added in version 2.1
- Scarborough-OnTheTrailOfNegroFolkSongs -- Dorothy Scarborough, On the Trail of Negro Folk-Songs (1925). Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Robert B. Waltz. Added in version 2.1.
- Scott-ACollectorsNotebook-31TraditionalSongs -- Alan Scott, A Collector's Notebook: Words and Music of Thirty-One Traditional Songs (1970; Second edition by Carrawobbity Press Sub-Committee, Wongawilla Colonial Dance Club Inc., 1993). Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Robert B. Waltz. Added in version 4.5.
NOTE: Collector Scott often modified the song in this book to produce complete texts, and does not indicate which songs are modified. Also, several texts are found only in the notes, not the text. It is probably safe to assume that all songs in the book are found in Australia, but the individual words are not reliable.
- Scott-EnglishSongBook❖ -- Harold Scott, English Song Book (1926). Ballads cited by Page. Partially indexed by Robert B. Waltz. Added in v. 3.2.
A collection of mostly popular songs of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, but with many folk songs as well.
- Scott-TheBalladOfAmerica -- John Anthony Scott, The Ballad of America (1966). Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Robert Waltz.
- Seeger-AmericanFavoriteBallads❖ -- American Favorite Ballads: Tunes and Songs as sung by Pete Seeger (1961; Edited for publication by Irwin Silber and Ethel Raim; Editorial Assistant: Daryl Heymann; Music transcribed and edited by Ethel Raim). Ballads cited by Page. Partially indexed by Paul J. Stamler.
- Sharp-EnglishFolkSongsFromSouthernAppalachians -- Cecil J. Sharp, collector, edited by Maud Karpelles, including additional tunes from Olive Dame Campbell, English Folk Songs from the Southern Appalachians (, 1932, expanded from the first edition of 1917). Ballads cited by Number. Fully Indexed by Paul J. Stamler. Added in Version 2.2; updated in 6.4.
In two volumes. Volume I contains songs 1-72 (including the Child Ballads and other ballads that appear to be of British origin); Volume II contains songs 73-274, with songs of diverse types. The songs in volume II were partially re-indexed by Robert B. Waltz in version 6.4.
- Sharp-OneHundredEnglishFolksongs -- Cecil Sharp, One Hundred English Folksongs (1916, 1944). Ballads cited by Number. Indexed by Paul J. Stamler.
- Sharp-EnglishFolkChanteys -- Cecil Sharp, English Folk Chanteys (1914). Ballads cited by (Roman) Number and Page. Indexed by Susan Lawlor. Added in version 2.2
- Sharp/Karpeles-EightyEnglishFolkSongs -- Cecil Sharp & Maud Karpeles, 80 English Folk Songs (1968). Ballads cited by Number. Indexed by Robert Waltz.
It should be noted that this book is for popular consumption, not true scholarly study; nearly every text has been edited (usually padded, though some have been expurgated).
- Shay-AmericanSeaSongsAndChanteys -- Frank Shay, American Sea Songs and Chanteys (1948). Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Robert Waltz. Added in version 2.1.
This is a sort of semi-popular book; there are few source notes about the songs, some of which are probably not traditional, though there is no way to know which except to see which ones don't show up elsewhere.
- Shay-BarroomBallads/PiousFriendsDrunkenCompanions -- Frank Shay, Barroom Ballads (originally My Pious Friends and Drunken Companions and More Pious Friends and Drunken Companions) (Dover, 1961). Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Robert B. Waltz. Added in Version 4.2.
Originally published as two separate books, My Pious Friends and Drunken Companions (1927) and More Pious Friends and Drunken Companions (1928). Dover published its combined edition in 1961, then renamed it for a later edition. My Pious Friends represents pp. xi-106 in the combined edition; More Pious Friends is pp. 111-225. Note that Steve Roud indexes the separate volumes, not the combination.
- Shellans-FolkSongsOfTheBlueRidgeMountains -- Herbert Shellans, Folk Songs of the Blue Ridge Mountains(1968). Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Robert B. Waltz. Added in version 2.3.
Despite the title, this is not really a general collection of Blue Ridge Mountain songs. It is a collection from the Vass Family -- John Daniel Vass, of Hillsville, supplied 24 songs, Ruby Vass, of Fancy Gap, supplied 18, and four other members of the Vass family supplied a total of seven. And it is clear that John Daniel Vass, at least, was a reworker of songs. There is good material in the collection -- but one should, I think, be cautious in assessing the songs and portions of songs not found elsewhere. And we certainly cannot assume that the contents of this collection are actually typical of other Blue Ridge material.
- Shoemaker-MountainMinstrelsyOfPennsylvania -- Henry W. Shoemaker, Mountain Minstrelsy of Pennsylvania (The Times Tribune Company, 1931). Ballads cited by page. Fully Indexed by Robert B. Waltz. Added in Version 6.4.
Revised and expanded edition of the author's North Pennsylvania Minstrelsy, published 1919, 1923.
Readers should be advised that a big chunk of this book is derived from Douglas Hyde's Abhráin grádh chúige Connacht, or, Love songs of Connacht, without attribution, and passed off as traditional. A number of other pieces also appear to have been included that came straight from print despite being attributed to traditional sources. There are traditional songs as well -- many of them -- but users are advised to treat Shoemaker's attributions with a great deal of skepticism unless the song can be shown by other sources to be traditional. The book is fully indexed, because there are no songs I can prove are non-traditional, but I was left completely unsure what Shoemaker was trying to do. - RBW
- Sidgwick/Chambers-EarlyEnglishLyrics❖ -- Frank Sidgwick and E. K. Chambers, Early English Lyrics (Sidgwick and Jackson, 1907). Ballads cited by Roman Numeral and Page. Indexed by Robert B. Waltz. Added in v. 5.3.
This is a book of Middle English lyrics only, but it has fairly good notes, and there are enough pieces from it that are in the Index that I decided to cite it. Observe that the lyrics are numbered, but with Roman numerals, which are cited in the entry because they're easier to find than the page numbers! - RBW
- Silber-SoldierSongsAndHomeFrontBalladsOfCivilWar -- Irwin Silber, Soldier Songs and Home-Front Ballads of the Civil War (1964). Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Robert Waltz.
Note: All songs in this volume are also found in Silber-SongsOfTheCivilWar, which also has better source notes; this can be considered the abridged version of that book.
- Silber-SongsOfTheCivilWar -- Irwin Silber, Songs of the Civil War (1960; Oak edition with a new Foreward published 1995). Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Robert Waltz. Added in version 3.2.
Note: This book contains a great many songs which are not traditional, and often prints clusters of songs which use the same tune. In this case, the "lead" song, which has a tune, is fully indexed, but the parodies, if not themselves traditional, are included under the heading of the lead song rather than being given separate entries. Many of the same songs, although not all, are found in Silber-SoldierSongsAndHomeFrontBalladsOfCivilWar, although the latter has far less background; it is in effect an abridged version of this book.
- Silber/Silber-FolksingersWordbook❖ -- Fred and Irwin Silber, Folksinger's Wordbook (1973). Ballads cited by Page. Partially indexed by Paul J. Stamler and Robert Waltz.
NOTE: This book gives no source information at all about the songs contained, and at least some seem to have been edited. Authorship information is often very inaccurate. It is included not as an authoritative reference but as a relatively portable source containing texts of an extremely large number of traditional songs.
- Skean-CircleLeft-FolkPlayOfKentuckyMountains -- Marion Holcomb Skean, Circle Left! Folk-play of the Kentucky Mountains (Homeplace Publishing, 1939). Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Robert B. Waltz. Added in version 5.0.
- Smith-SouthCarolinaBallads -- Reed Smith, South Carolina Ballads, (1928). Ballads cited by Page (and, where appropriate, Number). Indexed by Robert B. Waltz. Added in v. 4.0.
- Smith/Hatt/Fowke-SeaSongsBalladFromNineteenthCenturyNovaScotia -- William H. Smith and Fenwick Hatt (ed. Edith Fowke), Sea Songs and Ballads from Nineteenth Century Nova Scotia (1981). Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Ben Schwartz. Added in version 2.0
- Smyth/Bush/Long-OrangeLark -- Stephen Smyth, D.K. Bushe, and Canon S.E. Long, The Orange Lark (1987) Ballads cited by Number. Indexed by Ben Schwartz. Added in v. 2.3.
Stephen Smyth, D.K. Bushe and Canon S.E. Long are not credited as editors on the cover. The Acknowledgements page mentions Smyth as researcher and compiler, Bushe as music researcher and Long as writer of historical notes.
- Solomon-ZickaryZan❖ -- Jack and Olivia Solomon, Zickary Zan: Childhood Folklore (University of Alabama Press, 1980). Ballads cited by Page. Partially Indexed by Robert B. Waltz. Added in Version 6.4.
This is a difficult book to index in many regards, because it is so full of fragments which recombine promiscuously. For the most part, I have indexed pieces based on their first line, or their first identifiable line, and have only occasionally noted mixture.
The chapter on "Taunts" is only partly indexed, because many of the pieces do not seem to be songs or even folk rhymes; no attempt has been made to index the riddles. In the section on "Parodies," I have generally filed those for which the main song is indexed under the Same Tune field, but have indexed the parodies for which the source song is not indexed. The only items in the Autograph Album section that are indexed are the ones I'd already indexed. I therefore list the book as partially indexed, but I hope I've included everything that might be a traditional song.
- SongsOfAllTime❖ -- (no author listed; preface by Edna Ritchie, Raymond Kane McLain, Richard Chase, Marie Marvel), Songs of All Time (Council of the Southern Mountains, Inc., 1946, 1957). Ballads cited by Page. Partially Indexed by Robert B. Waltz. Added in Version 6.3.
A standard "camp booklet" sized publication (7" x 4"). References are to the Revised Edition of 1957. (A bookseller credits the third edition to Olive Dame Campbell, but there is no hint of this in the 1957 edition.) Although clearly a camp songbook, this volume seems to have tried to include more true folk songs than most such books, although not necessarily Appalachian songs. The versions are generally better, too, and often have sources listed. Its influence on other camp songbooks seems to have been slight. Since many of the songs in the collection are from the Ritchie Family tradition (presumably from Edna rather than Jean), this might sometimes be a useful source of Ritchie Family songs if you don't have Jean Ritchie's books.
- SongsOfManyNations❖ -- (no author listed), Songs of Many Nations ((Cooperative Recreative Service, Inc., and others), 1941 and after). Ballads cited by Page. Partially Indexed by Robert B. Waltz. Added in Version 6.3.
A standard "camp booklet" sized publication (7" x 4"). First edition copyright 1941; twelfth edition copyright 1962.
This booklet exists in many different forms, for different organizations, with significant differences in content but even bigger differences in pagination (e.g. the Congregational Church edition has 100 pages, numbered 1-48, 48A-D, 49-96; the 12th edition has 100, numbered A, B, 1-97, Index). It is not practical to try to index every edition, but I have indexed two to try to give the range of the editions. The "CC" edition is by the Ohio Conference of Congregational Christian Churches and is undated (my copy has a blue cover with dark blue ink); the 12th edition is by Cooperative Recreations Services but sold by "Specialized Ministries" and is copyrighted 1962 (gray cover with red ink; blue ink for the internal printing. This one seems to have cut a large fraction of good songs to include more miscellaneous hymns; it resulted in far fewer entries -- 71 entries from the 12th edition, just 58 from the CC; 27 items were in both, meaning 102 total items indexed).
For an example of how this is cited, the song "The Ash Grove" is in both booklets, so its Index entry would read
SongsOfManyNations, "The Ash Grove" (1 text, 1 tune) (CC edition, p. 4; 12th edition, p. 4).
But the version of Child #11 is found only in the 12th edition, so its entry would be
SongsOfManyNations, "Flowers in the Valley" (1 text, 1 tune) (12th edition, p. 3).
It must be assumed that the pagination will be different in other editions, but by indexing two editions, both fairly late in the book's history, I hope I have supplied a fairly good overview of the content range of this widely-published book. - RBW.
- Spaeth-ReadEmAndWeep❖ -- Sigmund Spaeth, Read 'Em and Weep (Revised edition 1945). Ballads cited by Page. Partially indexed by Robert Waltz.
- Spaeth-WeepSomeMoreMyLady❖ -- Sigmund Spaeth, Weep Some More, My Lady (1927). Ballads cited by Page. Partially indexed by Robert Waltz
- Spurgeon-WaltzTheHall-AmericanPlayParty -- Alan L. Spurgeon, Waltz the Hall: The American Play Party (University Press of Mississippi, 2005). Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Robert B. Waltz. Added in version 5.0.
- Stevick-OneHundredMiddleEnglishLyrics❖ -- Robert D. Stevick, One Hundred Middle English Lyrics (1964). Ballads cited by Number. Partially indexed by Robert Waltz
- Stewart/Belle-Stewart-QueenAmangTheHeather -- Sheila Stewart, Queen Amang the Heather: The Life of Belle Stewart (2006). Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Robert B. Waltz. Added in v. 3.8.
- Stewart/Keesing-FavoriteAustralianBallads❖ -- Douglas Stewart and Nancy Keesing, Favorite Australian Ballads (Angus & Robertson, 1967 (cited edition 1977)). Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Robert B. Waltz. Added in v. 5.2.
This is a subset of the authors' earlier works Australian Bush Ballads and Old Bush Songs; it includes both traditional songs (without tunes) and modern poetry. The former is mostly confined to the first portion of the book, which has been fully indexed; only a few items (those which appear in other folk songbooks) are cited from the later parts.
- Stokoe/Reay-SongsAndBalladsOfNorthernEngland -- John Stokoe (music arrangements by Samuel Reay), Songs and Ballads of Northern England (undated). Added in version 2.0. Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Robert Waltz.
NOTE: This book has no date listed anywhere. The last date mentioned in the text is 1892; it is known to have been in print by 1900, and that date has been used in the "Earliest Date" field. The New York Public Library lists it as being published in 1899. The edition indexed is the 1973 Norwood Editions reprint, which appears however to be a copy of the original Walter Scott printing, so the page references should also apply to the original edition. I think.
- Stone-SeaSongsAndBallads❖ -- Christopher Stone (with an introduction by Admiral Sir Cyprian Bridge), Sea Songs and Ballads (Oxford University Press, 1906). Ballads cited by Roman Numeral and Page. Partially Indexed by Robert B. Waltz. Added in Version 6.2.
This is more of a poetry collection than a song collection, having (e.g.) some Shakespeare poems. But there are enough traditional songs to make it worth indexing, though they are generally from other printed collections. Also, although it is hardly a songbook in its own right, several authors (especially Palmer, but also Shay) seem to have mined it when they wanted songs about particular topics and periods. Although Admiral Sir Cyprian Bridge is credited only with the introduction, he also contributed heavily to the notes on the songs.
Now available on Google Books.
- Stout-FolkloreFromIowa -- Earl J. Stout, Folklore from Iowa (1936; references are to the undated but twenty-first century facsimile reprint). Ballads cited by Number and Page. Indexed by Robert B. Waltz. Added in v. 3.2.
- Sturgis/Hughes-SongsFromTheHillsOfVermont -- Edith B. Sturgis (text collector) and Robert Hughes (music collector and arranger), Songs from the Hills of Vermont (sung by James and Mary Attwood and Aunt Jenny Knapp) (G. Schirmer (original edition) / Dover Historical Society (2010 edition), 2010). Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Robert B. Waltz. Added in v. 3.8.
The original edition of this, credited to Sturgis and Hughes, was published in 1919. In 2010, Edith Mas and DRA of Vermont published a volume composed primarily of the poems of James and Mary Atwood (whose songs were collected by Sturgis and Hughes), entitled Songs and Verse from the Hills of Vermont. This volume included a complete copy of the original Sturgis/Hughes book. It is the edition indexed, but the only material indexed is that from Sturgis/Hughes, and since the 2010 volume is a reproduction of the 1919 book, the pagination should be the same.
- Sulzer-TwentyFiveKentuckyFolkBallads -- Elmer Griffith Sulzer, Twenty-Five Kentucky Folk Ballads, (1936). Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Robert B. Waltz. Added in version 3.2
Note: Although the title page declares this to be "volume I," there does not seem to have been a "volume II," and the book contains all of the promised twenty-five ballads.
- Sumner-TheBesomMaker -- Heywood Sumner (collector and illustrator), The Besom Make and Other Country Folk Songs (Longman Green (original edition); Llanerch Publishers (facsimile edition), 1888 (facsimile edition 1998)). Ballads cited by Page. Fully Indexed by Robert B. Waltz. Added in Version 6.2.
This contains only nine songs, none of them unusual although Sumner's is the earliest collection of at least one of them, and without provenance data. It seems to exist mostly for the sake of Sumner's illustrations. But it is indexed because at least some of the versions do seem significant. Also available on Google Books.
- Sutton-Smith-NZ-GamesOfNewZealandChilden/FolkgamesOfChildren -- Brian Sutton-Smith, The Games of New Zealand Children (republished as part of The Folkgames of Children) (American Folklore Society/University of Texas Press, 1972). Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Robert B. Waltz. Added in Version 4.4.
Note: The Games of New Zealand Children was originally published as a separate work, then repackaged as The Folkgames of Children along with a number of essays by Sutton-Smith about games and their psychology. Only The Games of New Zealand Children has been indexed, according to the pagination of The Folkgames of Children edition.
- Tawney-GreyFunnelLines-RoyalNavy -- Cyril Tawney, Grey Funnel Lines: Traditional Song & Verse of the Royal Navy 1900-1970 (Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1987). Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Robert B. Waltz. Added in v. 5.1.
The large majority of the songs in this book are found only here, or in only a handful of other collections. Tawney sometimes speculates as to their history, but rarely gives full historical details. The Index tries to give fuller background, so the items in this collection have unusually full notes, which we hope will be worth reading.
- Terry-TheShantyBook-Part1 -- Richard Runciman Terry, The Shanty Book, Part I (Original (1921) edition by J. Curwen & Sons; reprint edition prepared by Stephen Ashley published by Mountain Waters Pty Ltd, 1921 (reprinted 2012)). Ballads cited by Number. Fully Indexed by Robert B. Waltz. Added in Version 3.8.
References are to the 2012 reprint. This a not simply a photoreproduction (although such are available) but has had the text reset. This means a different pagination, but the song numbers should be unchanged.
The original edition is now available on Google Books.
- Thatcher-ColonialMinstrel-Songsters❖ -- Charles R. Thatcher, Colonial Minstrel (Libraries Board of South Australia, 1964). Ballads cited by Page. Partially Indexed by Robert B. Waltz. Added in Version 5.0.
This is a centennial reissue of a selection of Charles R. Thatcher's songsters, including "Thatcher's Colonial Minstrel," "Thatcher's Colonial Songster," (a different) "Thatcher's Colonial Songster," and "The Victoria Songster." This is the largest collection of Thatcher songs ever published, but it is primarily his Australian songs, and not complete even for that; there were other Thatcher songsters, including his New Zealand works. It is now almost unobtainable (and hard to identify, since it is a pure collection of reprints with no real title of its own), but the songs found in other books have been indexed as an indication of sources.
Now available on Google Books.
- Thomas-DevilsDitties -- Jean Thomas, Devil's Ditties (W. Wilbur Hatfield, 1931). Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Robert Waltz. Added in v. 4.5.
- Thomas-BalladMakingInMountainsOfKentucky -- Jean Thomas, Ballad-Makin' in the Mountains of Kentucky (1939). Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Robert Waltz. Added in v. 1.6.
NOTE: This book has been fully indexed -- i.e. every alleged piece of song is included in the Ballad Index. But only a relative handful of the songs (about 40) can be demonstrated to be traditional. Many others are collected from their alleged authors, and I suspect that several were written by Thomas herself and identified as being left at her door or the like. Also, she is very bad about giving titles; some are found in her text, some in her index (and I may have failed to notice some of those), but most are editorial.
- Thompson-BodyBootsAndBritches-NewYorkStateFolktales -- Harold W. Thompson, Body, Boots and Britches: Folktales, Ballads and Speech from Country New York (original title as published 1939 by Lippincott) / New York State Folktales, Legend, and Ballads (1962 title as published by Dover). Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Robert B. Waltz. Added in version 4.0.
- Thompson-APioneerSongster -- Harold W. Thompson, editor (assisted by Edith E. Cutting) A Pioneer Songster, Cornell University Press, 1958; reissued by Fall Creek Books 2009. Ballads cited by Number. Indexed by Ben Schwartz. Added in version 2.8.
- Thorp/Fife-SongsOfTheCowboys -- N. Howard "Jack" Thorp; Variants, Commentary, Notes and Lexicon by Austin E. and Alta S. Fife; Music Editor Naunie Gardner, Songs of the Cowboys (, 1966). Ballads cited by Number and Page in the Thorp/Fife edition, with parenthesized references to the texts in Thorp's original 1908 edition. Indexed by Robert Waltz.
This is a modern version of the 1908 edition of Thorp's "Songs of the Cowboys," with many additional texts and background by the Fifes. This is by contrast to, for instance, Thorp/Logson, which is based on Thorp's 1921 edition. It has been fully indexed, even though several of the pieces are clearly not traditional, because of the peculiar relationship between Thorp's books and Lomax's "Cowboy Songs."
Because both Thorp/Fife-SongsOfTheCowboys and Thorp/Logsdon-SongsOfTheCowboys are updated editions of Thorp's original books, they have been indexed on the same line when a song is found in both. Generally if a song is found in Thorp/Fife-SongsOfTheCowboys it will also be in Thorp/Logsdon-SongsOfTheCowboys, since Thorp's 1921 edition vastly expanded his 1908 book; the reverse is not true.
- Thorp/Logsdon-SongsOfTheCowboys -- N. Howard "Jack" Thorp, with a Foreword by Guy Logsdon, Songs of the Cowboys (University of Nebraska Press, 1984). Ballads cited by Page. Fully Indexed by Robert B. Waltz. Added in Version 5.3.
This is a modern reprint of the 1921 edition of Thorp's "Songs of the Cowboys," with the addition of a Foreword by Guy Logsdon but few other changes. This is by contrast to, for instance, Thorp/Fife-SongsOfTheCowboys, which is based on Thorp's 1908 edition. It has been fully indexed, even though many of the pieces are clearly not traditional, because of the peculiar relationship between Thorp's books and Lomax's "Cowboy Songs."
Because both Thorp/Fife-SongsOfTheCowboys and Thorp/Logsdon-SongsOfTheCowboys are updated editions of Thorp's original books, they have been indexed on the same line when a song is found in both. Generally if a song is found in Thorp/Fife-SongsOfTheCowboys it will also be in Thorp/Logsdon-SongsOfTheCowboys, since Thorp's 1921 edition vastly expanded his 1908 book; the reverse is not true.
The 1921 edition is now available on Google Books.
- Tinsley-HeWasSinginThisSong -- Jim Bob Tinsley, He Was Singin' This Song (1981) (with introductions by Gene Autry and S. Omar Barker). Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Robert Waltz. Added in v. 3.1.
NOTE: This is not a book of field collections; it is a transcription of cowboy songs as Tinsley sang them, transcribed by Elizabeth Orth. But all but one of the songs is traditional, and all include extensive and very useful background notes; this is one of the best collections of cowboy songs available in terms of documentation.
- Tobitt-TheDittyBag❖ -- Janet E. Tobitt, The Ditty Bag ((publisher not listed), 1946; revised 1960). Ballads cited by Page. Partially Indexed by Robert B. Waltz. Added in Version 6.3.
Camp songbook, regarded by Averill-CampSongsFolkSongs as a significant source of camp songs. Probably intended primarily for girls' camps. Page size 5.2" x 7.7", an unusual size for a camp songbook. An expanded combination of three earlier Tobitt songbooks, "Yours for a Song" (indexed separately), "Sing Me Your Song, O," and "Notes for Song Leaders" (the latter a collection of suggestions and rules for singing groups, not a songbook). It seems to me that this book emphasizes translations of foreign songs, relatively few of which seem to have gone into tradition.
- Tobitt-SkipToMyLou❖ -- Janet E. Tobitt, Skip to My Lou: 17 Singing Games (Girl Scouts of the United States of America, 1939?). Ballads cited by Page. Partially Indexed by Robert B. Waltz. Added in Version 6.3.
This book has no explicit dating information whatsoever, but on the last page is a notation "P.D. 4-39," implying publication in 1939. This fits well with Tobitt's other publications; this one was typed, with handwritten music notation, and the others, which are generally more recent, are typeset, implying that there was more demand for them. Although every item in this book is a presented as a singing game, almost half are of non-English origin and have been translated; there is no reason to think the game corresponds to anything in the songs' native tradition. These items are not indexed.
- Tobitt-YoursForASong❖ -- Janet E. Tobitt, Yours For a Song ((publisher not listed), 1939). Ballads cited by Page. Partially Indexed by Robert B. Waltz. Added in Version 6.3.
Camp songbook, regarded by Averill-CampSongsFolkSongs as a significant source of camp songs. Probably intended primarily for girls' camps. Page size 5.5" x 8.4". The songs were later incorporated into Tobitt-TheDittyBag (Tobitt says they were all incorporated; in fact at least one was dropped), but the pagination is different although the order is the same; it appears Tobitt-TheDIttyBag photoreduced the versions in this book.
- Trent-Johns-PlaySongsOfTheDeepSouth -- Altona Trent-Johns (illustrations by Harold Porter), Play Songs of the Deep South, (1944). Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Robert B. Waltz. Added in version 3.2.
NOTE: This book contains several songs I have not seen elsewhere, and it contains no source indications; it strikes me as possible that Trent-Johns may have made them up. But others are traditional, and all have game instructions. So all the songs have been indexed, somewhat speculatively.
- Tunney-StoneFiddle -- Paddy Tunney, The Stone Fiddle (1991). Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Ben Schwartz. Added in v. 2.2.
- Tunney-WhereSongsDoThunder -- Paddy Tunney, Where Songs Do Thunder (1991). Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Ben Schwartz. Added in v. 2.2.
- VaughanWilliams/Lloyd-PenguinBookOfEnglishFolkSongs -- Ralph Vaughan Williams & A.L. Lloyd, The Penguin Book of English Folk Songs (1959). Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Paul J. Stamler.
- Vikár/Panagapka-SongsNorthWoodsSungByOJAbbott -- László Vikár and Jeanette Panagapka, Songs of the North Woods: As Sung by O. J. Abbott and Collected by Edith Fowke, University of Calgary Press (2004). Ballads cited by Number. Indexed by Robert B. Waltz. Added in version 5.1.
NOTE: Although all songs in this collection were supplied by O. J. Abbott and recorded by Edith Fowke (so that I formerly called it by their name), the collection was transcribed, edited, and analyzed by László Vikár and Jeanette Panagapka. The volume contains musical analysis -- mode, metre, range -- but no background on the songs.
- Walton/Grimm-Windjammers-SongsOfTheGreatLakesSailors -- Ivan H. Watson and Joe Grimm [with music transcriptions by Lee Murdock], Windjammers: Songs of the Great Lakes Sailors (2002). Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Robert B. Waltz. Added in version 2.4.
NOTE: This book, and accompanying CD indexed as WaltonSailors, is based on collections made by Walton by the shores of the Great Lakes (except Lake Superior) in the early 1930s. Walton then changed jobs, and his collections sat in the Ann Arbor library until Joe Grimm dug them out half a century later. Grimm and Walton never met, so the collection is based on Grimm's interpretation of Walton's notes -- which, though generally good, were in some instances depressingly incomplete.
- Ward-PenguinBookOfAustralianBallads❖ -- Russel Ward, editor, The Penguin Book of Australian Ballads (1964). Ballads cited by Page. Partially indexed by Robert B. Waltz. Added in version 4.5.
NOTE: Although the title refers to ballads, this is more a book of narrative poems; although it contains dozens of traditional pieces, it also contains many poems of known authorship by authors who were still young at the time the book was published. Also, I have never seen many of the pieces listed as "traditional" elsewhere, and even the pieces that are familiar often appear in forms very unlike the texts of these poems collected by others. I have a sneaking suspicion that some of the traditional songs have been reworked. But there is also much here that is very hard to find elsewhere, so I have partially indexed the book despite all its questionable contents.
- Warner-FolkSongsAndBalladsOfTheEasternSeaboard -- Frank M. Warner, Folk Songs and Ballads of the Eastern Seaboard: from a Collector's Notebook (Southern Press Inc., 1963). Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Robert Waltz. Added in v. 4.2.
NOTE: Despite a title that makes this sound like a songbook, it is actually a set of lectures -- the "Eugenia Dorothea Blount Lamar" lectures given at Wesleyan College in 1963. So Frank Warner was talking and singing songs, often in fragments, often without source indications, and it does not appear he collected all of them. Most of the best of his material eventually ended up in the book we cite as "Warner."
- Warner-TraditionalAmericanFolkSongsFromAnneAndFrankWarnerColl -- Anne Warner, Traditional American Folk Songs from the Anne & Frank Warner Collection (1984). Ballads cited by Number. Indexed by Robert Waltz.
- Warren-EveryTimeIFeelTheSpirit❖ -- Gwendolin Sims Warren, Ev'ry Time I Feel the Spirit (1997). Ballads cited by Page. Partially indexed by Robert B. Waltz. Added in version 3.8.
NOTE: This primarily a pop hymnal, but includes enough traditional songs (some of them not attested elsewhere) that I decided to index it. I'm a little dubious of some of those "traditional" songs (for which no sources are indicated), but when in doubt, I include. And the notes on the songs, while of little use regarding their origin, do say a lot about how modern (Black) churches use the songs.
- Wells-TheBalladTree -- Evelyn Kendrick Wells, The Ballad Tree (1950). Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Robert Waltz. Added in v. 2.8.
- Welsch-NebraskaPioneerLore -- Roger L. Welsch, A Treasury of Nebraska Pioneer Lore (1939-1941). Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Robert Waltz. Added in v. 3.6.
NOTE: This is a collection of folklore, but with many songs; the songs are fully indexed; the rest of course is not. Not all the material is documented, so some may not be from Nebraska. As a result, this book has not been used for "Found In" references.
- Wheeler-SteamboatinDays❖ -- Mary Wheeler, Steamboatin' Days: Folk Songs of the River Packet Era (1944). Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Robert Waltz.
NOTE: This is a very difficult book to work with. Wheeler collected her material mostly from Black riverboat workers and their dependents, but her relationship with her informants was complex (they didn't like singing the rougher material to a "lady," and she gives occasional slight hints of racism). Nor does Wheeler apply any real organization to her work -- not only does she not make any references to other works containing the songs, she does not even list other occurrence of the same song in her own work. This, combined with the bluesy/floating verse nature of many of the songs, makes identification difficult. The majority of the songs have been filed somewhere (though I skipped a handful), but often they are classified based on a single verse characteristic of a better-defined song.
- Whitelaw-BookOfScottishBallads❖ -- Alexander Whitelaw, The Book of Scottish Ballads (Blackie and Son, 1845). Ballads cited by Page. Partially Indexed by Ben Schwartz. Added in Version 3.2.
Now available on Google Books.
- Whitelaw-BookOfScottishSong -- Alexander Whitelaw, The Book of Scottish Song (1843) ("Digitized by Internet Archive"). Ballads cited by Page. Partially indexed by Ben Schwartz. Added in version 3.2.
- Whiting-TraditionalBritishBallads -- Barlett Jere Whiting, Traditional British Ballads (New Century Library, 1955). Ballads cited by Number. Indexed by Robert Waltz.
- Williams-FolkSongsOfTheUpperThames -- Alfred Williams, editor, Folk-Songs of the Upper Thames (London, 1923). Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Ben Schwartz. Added in v. 2.6.
NOTE: Williams's texts are often surprising close to those found in older collections -- like Dixon (1846) -- older books of popular songs -- like the Universal Songster (1834) -- and broadsides, including the Roxburghe ballads. Williams writes, on pp. 24-25, "... what right have I, or any one else, to condemn the taste exhibited in, or the imperfections of the old songs, and mutilate, patch, polish, or correct them...? ....Out of the six hundred I have all but about two dozen were given me orally. I might, certainly, have gone to libraries and examined those of other collections in order to verify my own, but I did not do so."
- Williams-Wiltshire-WSRO -- transcriptions of the Alfred Williams (1877-1930) manuscripts stored at the Wiltshire and Swindon History Centre, edited by Chris Wildridge, and available at the History Centre and online at www.wiltshire.gov.uk/community/folk_search.php, (, ). Ballads cited by Shelfmark. Fully Indexed by Ben Schwartz. Added in Version 2.6.
Collection consists of transcriptions of the Alfred Williams (1877-1930) manuscripts stored at the Wiltshire and Swindon History Centre, edited by Chris Wildridge, and available at the History Centre and online. The collection includes all 270 songs published by Williams in Folk-Songs of the Upper Thames.
- Winstock-SongsAndMusicOfTheRedcoats❖ -- Lewis Winstock, Songs & Music of the Redcoats: A History of the War Music of the British Army 1642-1902, (1970). Ballads cited by Page. Partially indexed by Robert B. Waltz. Added in version 3.2.
-- Edwin Wolf 2nd, American Song Sheets, Slip Ballads
and Political Broadsides 1850-1870, (1963).
Ballads cited by Number and Page. Partially indexed by Robert B. Waltz.
Added in version 3.5.
NOTE: This is a catalog of broadsides, not a songbook; perhaps 4000 items are listed, grouped under almost 3000 heads. But the descriptions do include publishers and certain other distinguishing marks, so we have indexed the book because this information is often useful. Many of the items, of course, are not traditional and have been ignored; many more are included only in the Same Tune field.
- Wolfe/Boswell-FolkSongsOfMiddleTennessee -- Charles K. Wolfe, Folk Songs of Middle Tennessee: The George Boswell Collection (1977). Ballads cited by Number and Page. Indexed by Robert Waltz. Added in v. 2.6.
- Wolford-ThePlayPartyInIndiana -- Leah Jackson Wolford, The Play-Party in Indiana (1916). Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Robert Waltz. Added in v. 3.2.
- Wolford/Richmond/Tillson-PlayPartyInIndiana -- Leah Jackson Wolford, edited and revised by W. Edson Richmond and William Tillson, Leah Jackson Wolford's The Play-Party in Indiana (1959). Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Robert Waltz. Added in v. 3.2.
NOTE: Wolford-ThePlayPartyInIndiana and Wolford/Richmond/Tillson-PlayPartyInIndiana contain exactly the same songs, and the same text (apart from new introductory material in Wolford/Richmond/Tillson-PlayPartyInIndiana); the difference lies in the arrangement: Wolford-ThePlayPartyInIndiana places the songs in alphabetical order, Wolford/Richmond/Tillson-PlayPartyInIndiana has a classification by type.
Wolford's original version is now available on Google Books.
- Work-FolkSongOfTheAmericanNegro -- John Wesley Work, Folk Song of the American Negro (Negro Universities Press, 1915). Ballads cited by Page. Fully Indexed by Robert B. Waltz. Added in Version 6.0.
This isn't really a songbook; it's a sociological study with folk songs (mostly just texts, but a few with tunes). Because Work used the texts to demonstrate particular points, they are often repeated, or fragments are quoted. The Index tries to cite the more-or-less complete songs wherever they are printed, even if they occur more than once, but no attempt has been made to deal with the fragments.
Now available on Google Books.
- Work-SongsOf-Henry-Clay-Work❖ -- Henry Clay Work, songwriter; Bertram G. Work, compiler; H. Wiley Hitchcock, reprint series editor, Songs of Henry Clay Work (Original edition by J. J. Little & Ives Co., New York, 1884?; reprint with new introduction by Da Capo Press, New York, 1974). Ballads cited by Page. Partially indexed by Robert B. Waltz. Added in Version 4.0.
- Wyman/Brockway-LonesomeSongs-KentuckyMountains-Vol1 -- Loraine Wyman and Howard Brockway, Lonesome
Tunes: Folk Songs from the Kentucky Mountains, Volume I (1916; words
collected and edited by Loraine Wyman with pianoforte accompaniment by
Howard Brockway). Ballads cited by Page. Indexed by Paul J. Stamler.
- Wyman/Brockway-LonesomeSongs-KentuckyMountains-Vol2: Loraine Wyman and Howard Brockway, Twenty
Kentucky Mountain Songs (1920; words collected and edited by Loraine
Wyman with pianoforte accompaniment by Howard Brockway). Ballads cited
by Page. Indexed by Paul J. Stamler.
Volume 1 now available on Google Books.
- Zander/Klusmann-CampSongsNThings❖ -- Carl E. Zander and Wes H. Klusmann, Camp Songs 'N' Things (Institute Press, 1938?). Ballads cited by Page. Partially Indexed by Robert B. Waltz. Added in Version 6.3.
A standard "camp booklet" sized publication (7" x 4"). References are to the second printing. This version includes musical scores (although so small as to be almost unreadable); a different booklet with almost the same song list, which includes texts but no tunes, is Zander/Klusmann-CampSongsPopularEdition.
- Zander/Klusmann-CampSongsPopularEdition❖ -- Carl E. Zander and Wes H. Klusmann, Camp Songs -- Popular Edition (Institute Press, 1938). Ballads cited by Page. Partially Indexed by Robert B. Waltz. Added in Version 6.3.
A standard "camp booklet" sized publication (7" x 4"). References are to the twenty-sixth printing. This version includes has no musical scores; a different booklet with almost the same song list, which includes the tunes, is Zander/Klusmann-CampSongsNThings. There are a few songs in this that are not in the indexed version of Zander/Klusmann-CampSongsNThings, but possibly this is because there are several different editions of both.
- Zimmerman-SongsOfIrishRebellion: Georges Denis Zimmerman, Songs of Irish Rebellion (2002). Ballads cited by Number for Parts 2 and 3, ballads that are only in Part 1 by Page. Indexed by Ben Schwartz. Added in v. 2.2.
NOTE: The numbered ballads in Parts 2 and 3 are, in Zimmermann's words [p. 117], "intended to illustrate the first part of the book.... On the whole, the texts have been selected as particularly representative rather than for their celebrity or literary merit"; unless there is a specific comment that the song was popular there is no assumption that a ballad is "FOUND_IN: Ireland." Zimmermann sometimes shows a tune that is "most probably" the one for the text; read his notes before assuming the tune shown is the tune that was sung for the text; he notes [p. 118] that only for three songs "did I find a tune printed in the nineteenth century with the very text I reproduce." Finally, there are many fragments in Part 1 that are not indexed; a Part 1 fragment is indexed only if it is substantial and there is a more complete text from another source.
Journals and Periodicals
- JournalOfAmericanFolklore❖ -- Various authors, Journal of American Folklore (American Folklore Society). Ballads cited by Volume and Page plus date. Partially Indexed by multiple indexers.
- NorthCarolinaFolkloreJournal -- Various authors (Arthur Palmer Hudson, editor 1954-1964), North Carolina Folklore (Folklore Council of the University of North Carolina (first issues) / The North Carolina Folklore Society (most issues), 1948-). Ballads cited by Volume and Page plus date. Fully Indexed by Robert B. Waltz. Added starting in Version 6.1.
Early issues (volumes I-XX, 1948-1972) were entitled "North Carolina Folklore." The name was changed to "North Carolina Folklore Journal" with Volume XXI in 1973, but the size, style, and editors were unchanged.
Although not generally peer reviewed, this magazine, especially during Arthur Palmer Hudson's editorship, contains much high-quality folklore material and many folk songs. (The amount of folk music declined dramatically under later editors, especially starting around 1990). Most back issues are available for free viewing at:
All issues available on the above web site as of the beginning of 2021 (i.e. all issues up to 2017, except for a few that were not scanned) have been indexed.
Frequently Cited Manuscripts
- MSArchSeldenB26 -- Oxford, Bodleian Library, MS. Arch. Selden B.26. Date: XV, etc.. Scribe(s): (many).
NOTES: Also numbered Bodley MS. 3340 in the new catalog, and sometimes referred to as Selden B.26.
A single volume containing five different manuscripts. All are about 10.2x7.1". 135 folios in all, thought to have been bound together c. 1660. The oldest portion is said to be of the eighth century, the latest of the seventeenth, but the interesting portion to those interested in Middle English poetry is the first, and all that is written below is specific to it.
This booklet (folios 3-33 of the greater manuscript, sometimes called the Selden Carol Book) dates from the middle of the fifteenth century (Padelford says 1470, Nicholson says 1454, Bliss says 1440). It contains carols in both English and Latin, with music in black and red; occasional initials use blue as well. Ten different scribes have been identified, although almost all the carols are in hand "F." In all, the manuscript contains 32 poems in Middle English, of which about two-thirds are regarded as carols although not necessarily traditional.
The manuscript is elaborate enough that some sort of liturgical use seems almost inevitable, and indeed, it contains portions of the liturgy along with the music. Obviously this lessens the chances that anything it contains is genuinely traditional.
The early pages in particular are heavily stained, with some damage to the text and music.
It has been suggested that it is from Worcester, and even more specifically with Bishop John Alcock of Worcester (died 1500), who was also at one time or another Bishop of Ely, Chancellor of England, and tutor to the future King Edward V.
Acquired by the Bodleian in 1659 from the estate of John Selden (died 1654). Most famous for having the primary setting of "The Agincourt Carol."
Sir John Stainer, Early Bodleian Music, Oxford, 1901, reprints most of the music
F. M. Padelford, in Anglia xxxvi, pp. 86-115 (prints the English portion of the manuscript and identifies the scribes)
Scans available at:
- MSAuchinleck -- Edinburgh, National Library of Scotland, MS. Advocates 19.2.1, universally known as the Auchinleck Manuscript. Date: c. 1340. Scribe(s): Unknown, but there were at least five and probably six.
NOTES: Not a book of folk songs but a collection of romances - however, these romances are often intimately linked with folk songs, e.g. "Sir Orfeo" or a close relative is the source of "King Orfeo" [Child 19]; "King Horn" is a remote source of "Hind Horn" [ Child 17].
The manuscript consists of twelve separate booklets, often with one scribe writing most or all of a booklet. Originally had at least 52 gatherings, almost always of the standard eight leaves each (although one has ten leaves). At least five gatherings are lost. Also, most of the pieces in the book were preceded by miniature illustrations. Almost all of these have been cut out, with loss of text. Several whole pages have also been cut out as well, with only stubs remaining.
The main run of text is in black/brown ink, two columns per page, but the initial letters of lines are in color (red and blue), as are the paraph marks.
The scribe known as Scribe 1 seems to have had charge of the work; his work appears in nine of the surviving booklets. Scribe 1 was solely responsible for booklets 1, 6, 8, 9, 10; Scribe 2 was in sole charge of booklet 7; the proposed Scribe 6 us responsible for booklet 7; scribes 1-5 shared responsibility for the rest.
A (black and white) photographic edition is The Auchinleck Manuscript: National Library of Scotland Advocates' MS. 19.2.1, with an introduction by Derek Pearsall & I. C. Cunningham, The Scolar Press (London), 1977; this is said to still be useful despite the color scans available online
Susanna Fein, editor, The Auchinleck Manuscript: New Perspectives, York Medieval Press, 2016
Almost any book about Middle English romances will have some additional material.
Scans available at:
Contents list, description, transcription, scans at: https://auchinleck.nls.uk/
(Site name: The Auchinleck Manuscript, eds David Burnley and Alison Wiggins. To see a particular page scan, go to the contents page, https://auchinleck.nls.uk/contents.html. Click on an individual item, say, "Sir Orfeo." Clicking the link will lead to a transcription. The image of a scroll will open a scan of the page.)
The Wikipedia article at https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Auchinleck_manuscript is not very good for the manuscript itself but summarizes its history.
- MSCaiusCollege383 -- Cambridge University, Gonville & Caius College, MS. 383. Date: XV (middle). Scribe(s): unknown.
NOTES: Paper manuscript, which (most unusually) has the pages numbered rather than the folios (108 folios=216 pages). There were two scribes, the first of whom wrote the beginning (pages 1-70) and end (101-216), including all the carols cited in the Index. Format is fairly large, 8.8x5.8 inches. The edges of many leaves are worn and hard to read; a few are torn. Apart from a relatively slight amount of poetry, it contains significant material in French and Latin, including letters and accounts; also some biblical commentaries, plus some legal material and a lot of grammatical matter.
The name "Wymundus London" is found several times in the manuscript; he is thought to have been an owner.
Montague Rhodes James, A Descriptive Catalog of the Manuscripts in the Library of Gonville and Caius College , Volume II, Cambridge University Press, 1908 ("Digitized by Google"), p. 435, says that it is "most irregularly written" and, in its current form, "defies collation" (that is, the quires are of very divergent nature). Much of the content is educational, but the scribe seems to have liked taking an occasional break with something highly recreational.
As of 2020, the manuscript had neither been published nor digitized.
- MSCambridgeFf5.48 -- Cambridge University Library, MS. Ff.5.48. Date: XV. Scribe(s): unknown.
NOTES: For extensive discussion of this manuscript and its age, see the notes to "Robin Hood and the Monk" [Child 119], which it contains.
Janay Young Downing, A critical edition of Cambridge University MS FF. 5.48, Ph.D. dissertation, 1969 (this seems to be unobtainable unless you can find a library with a microfilm copy)
Thomas H. Ohlgren, Robin Hood: The Early Poems, 1465-1560, Texts, Contexts, and Ideology, with an Appendix: The Dialects and Languages of Selected Robin Hood Poes by Lister M. Matheson, University of Delaware Press, 2007
- MSCambridgeS54 -- Cambridge University, St. John's College, MS. S.54 (Cambridge University 259). Date: XV. Scribe(s): unknown.
NOTES: A tiny codex -- 5.75x4.25 inches, in a single quire with 14 leaves, the last two of which are damaged; 21 lines per page. Richard Leighton Greene, editor, The Earliest English Carols, Oxford/Clarendon Press, 1935, pp. 342-343, suggests that two outer leaves have been lost, which seems likely (16 leaves is a more typical quire than 14). The hand is difficult but thought to date to the fifteenth century (Greene says second half of the century, and says it is from East Anglia; the Cambridge Library site listed below dates it 1470-1500). The contents are carols -- probably 19 of them (Chambers says there are sixteen complete carols and three fragments plus two religious poems that are not carols). It is written on paper, now in a poor state of conservation.
"The manuscript itself is an interesting one. It has a vellum cover, which has been folded over in a way suggesting use as a pocket-book. It may contain the repertory of a travelling singer" (E. K. Chambers, English Literature at the Close of the Middle Ages, Oxford, 1945, 1947, p. 96).
Greene claims four scribes were involved, but scribe "B" did the vast majority of the work, according to Greene; the others added only a stanza or so each. The Cambridge site says there were only two, "A" and "B," with "A" much the better one although he did less of the work -- hinting that A was the master scribe who turned the detailed work over to "B," who does not appear to have been very practiced; his writing is inelegant and some parts feature much crossing out. Certainly it is easy to tell scribe B's scrawl from all other hand in the manuscript. The pages are un-ruled although rhyme-words are linked by lines (as was typical in this period).
M. R. James and G. C. Macaulay, "Fifteenth Century Carols and Other Pieces," Modern Language Review, viii, pp. 68-87 (transcription)
Scans available at:
- MSCambridgeTrinity323 -- Cambridge University, Trinity College, MS. 323 (Trinity College B.14.39). Date: XIII. Scribe(s): (at least four).
NOTES: Now properly known as Trinity MS. 323, the new catalog number, but most of the literature refers to it under its old catalog number Trinity B.14.39 (which is also the number used on the Trinity College web site). The "Judas Manuscript," "Judas" [Child 23] being Child's candidate for "The Earliest English Ballad." (See that song's entry for more details.)
The current binding contains two booklets, probably originally two separate manuscripts, both on vellum (the typical material of English manuscripts of this date, paper still being hard to obtain in Britain). The second manuscript is Trinity College B.14.40, and appears to be from the fifteenth century.
Several authorities consider Trinity B.14.39 to be some sort of handbook for a preacher (although the fact that there were four scribes is perhaps a counter-argument), having occasional vernacular lyrics. It is considered one of the two oldest manuscripts to contain Middle English religious lyrics, although it consists primarily of other things, not all in English. Many of the pieces are addressed to the Virgin Mary, who was a very popular subject of songs in the Middle Ages, but Rosemary Woolf considers it surprising that there were so many Marian lyrics in a thirteenth century manuscript.
The manuscript still uses thorn (þ, here written y) but not eth (ð) or yogh (ȝ), making a date after the twelfth century almost certain. The hand is quite clear and easy to read, and has none of the flourishes which appeared in English hands of the fourteenth century and later. Thus the thirteenth century date is almost certain (Reichl goes so far as to argue for 1255-1260!). Based on letter forms, I suspect the scribe who wrote "Judas" learned to write Latin before learning to write English.
There were at least four scribes active on the English portion, and I believe some have suggested five or six. Most of the carols, and "Judas," come from the same hand.
There does not seem to be an overall plan to the manuscript. The collation of the 87 surviving folios (at least one is lost) is very irregular; although several quires are of 12 leaves, there are also several of 8, at least one of 4, and even a 16. It is not unlikely that some loose leaves were collated in. The pages are fairly large and square, about 7.4"x5.4".
Based on the language, it has been suggested that it is from somewhere around the county of Hereford.
Outside of ballad studies, the best-known piece in the manuscript is probably "Say me wight in the broom," which occurs in two other manuscripts as well.
The manuscript was lost for some decades, meaning that Child did not have even indirect access at the time he wrote the entry on "Judas"; the manuscript was removed from the Trinity library in 1863 when a Fellow took if from the college, and only recovered among his unopened parcels when he died in 1896.
Karl Reichl, Religiöse Dichtung im englishchen Hochmittelalter: Untersuchung und Edition der Handscrhift b.14.39, Wilhelm Fink Verlg, 1973
Karin Boklund-Lagopoulou, 'I have a yong suster': Popular song and the Middle English Lyric, Four Courts Press, 2002 (Pp. 48-62 discuss "Judas" and its manuscript context)
M(ontague) R(hodes) James, The Western Manuscripts in the Library of Trinity College, Cambridge, I, Cambridge, 1900 (Bibliographic information)
Scans available at:
- MSCamTrinityO.3.58 -- Cambridge University, Trinity College, MS. O.3.58. Date: early XV. Scribe(s): unknown.
NOTES: A very curious manuscript, as it is a roll rather than a codex, with the text written down the length of the roll. Sometimes known as the "Trinity Carol Roll." It is about six feet eight inches long (three pieces of vellum laced together) and about seven inches wide. With music throughout. The main run of text is in brown ink, as is the music notation; there are initials in red and blue. It has been damaged by damp -- for instance, there is some damage to the text of the fairly well-known song "Ther is no rose of swych vertu" ("There is no rose of such virtue"), of which it is the only copy.
There are thirteen carols, with music. Note that the musical staff has five lines (as opposed to the four of plainsong notation).
In addition to the songs, the verso of the roll contains various Latin church offices. These are in a different hand from the carols, and are believed to be later.
It is believed to be the earliest source for English polyphonic carols. It is thought to date from the early fifteenth century (it cannot be earlier than 1415, since it contains "The Agincourt Carol," and Agincourt was fought in 1415), probably from East Anglia.
The manuscript was donated to the college in 1838 by H. O. Roe.
The manuscript has several items, including "The Agincourt Carol," in common with MSArchSeldenB26 (Oxford, Bodleian Library MS. Arch. Selden B.26), but is considered less valuable.
J. A. Fuller Maitland and W. S. Rockstro, English Carols of the Fifteenth Century: From a Ms. Roll in the Library of Trinity College, Cambridge, 1891 (has all the carols in order)
Richard Leighton Greene, editor, The Earliest English Carols, Oxford/Clarendon Press, 1935 (all the carols, although not in order)
Scans available at:
Wikipedia entry (accuracy not guaranteed):
- MSEngPoetE1 -- Oxford, Bodleian Library, MS. Eng. Poet. e.1 (Bodleian 29734). Date: second half XV. Scribe(s): unknown.
NOTES: Small manuscript, 4.375x6". 65 folios (although, because two folio are numbered 27, the last folio number is 64); the first 10 folios were added in binding. Two scribes were involved, with the first writing most of folios 11-50 and the second writing the rest and making occasional changes to what was written by scribe A. Three pieces have music. Based on the count in the Brown/Robbins Index of Middle English Verse and its supplement, it contains some 75 Middle English poems plus a few Latin pieces.
For information and speculation about the manuscript, see the notes to "The Golden Carol (The Three Kings)."
Thomas Wright, Songs and Carols, Percy Society Publications, xxiii, 1847 prints the entire manuscript.
- MSForresters -- London, British Library, MS. Additional 71158, the "Foresters Manuscript". Date: 1670-1700. Scribe(s): (Two).
NOTES: Paper quarto, 200 mm x158 mm, in very irregular quires. It seems to have been purchased as a complete blank book, but was rearranged in the copying. The paper has watermarks dating from the period 1671-1686. This date is confirmed by the fact that several texts seem to derive from a garland printed in 1670.
There were two scribes. Scribe A wrote the beginning sections, then typically wrote the beginning of lyrics and left it to scribe B to print the rest.
The contents of the manuscript are Robin Hood ballads; it has been conjectured that it was the rough draft for another Robin Hood garland.
The manuscript was in private hands until 1993, when it came up for auction, eventually being entrusted to the British Library.
Note: The edition by Knight, which is far from ideal (clearly he had never worked with a real edition of an old manuscript), neither lists the foliation of the manuscript nor gives folio numbers for the individual items, which are therefore listed by number in the contents rather than by folio or page.
Stephen Knight, editor, Robin Hood: The Forresters Manuscript (British Library Additional MS 71158), D. S. Brewer, 1998 (transcribes the whole manuscript, with a historical/paleographic introduction by Hilton Kelliher).
- MSGrimestone -- Edinburgh, National Library of Scotland, MS. Advocates 18.7.21. Date: 1372 and after. Scribe(s): John of Grimestone ("Ioh(annes) de Grimistone").
NOTES: John de Grimestone's commonplace book, also known as the "Grimestone Manuscript."
Vellum manuscript, about 6.8"x4.4". 166 folios. 1 column, typically 31 lines per column, with occasional red as a second color. Some of the folios at the beginning and end are damaged, especially in the margin; some have suffered substantial loss of text. Based on the contents list, it is likely that several items at the end have been lost. The writing material is entirely parchment; it must have been very costly to acquire.
Rossell Hope Robbins thought two hands were involved, but N. P. Ker thinks the main contents are all in one hand.
Joh(a)n de Grimestone wrote in the colophon (folio 9) "Orate pro anima fratris Ioannis de Grimistone qui scripsit istum lubrum cum magna solicitudine Anno domini 1372." In other words, the colophon at least was written in 1372, and the writer was a friar; John de Grimestone; based on the other material in the book, it is clear he was a Franciscan. Presumably most of the material was written not long after this, since the book is carefully organized under topics such as "abstinence."
There are several other colophons, but except for one that has been eradicated, most seem to be from after Grimestone. Probably the book of references was useful to other friars!
Although found in Scotland, it probably did not originate there; the best guess is that it was put in the Advocates collection in the quarter of a century before 1825, when it is first cataloged. The language of the text is thought to be from the northern part of the East Midlands (the National Library of Scotland site says Grimestone was from Norfolk; Ekwall said his name probably came from Grimston in Norfolk, although Carlton Brown suggested he was from Yorkshire).
Contains sermons, quotes from Church Fathers and classical authors, plus much religious poetry, in Latin and Anglo-Noman as well as Middle English.
Different scholars count from 239 to 246 items in Middle English in the manuscript. These include several carols, as well as a number of "lullay" pieces -- perhaps the oldest lullabyes preserved in English; for more on these, see the notes to "The Coventry Carol."
Page ix of Wilson has a list of Latin theological writers cited by Grimestone. The list is surprisingly long for a fourteenth century English preacher, and includes pagan as well as Christian sources. However, the sources (except for the handful of classical authors plus Origen, Cyprian, and Eusebius, all of which he almost certainly knew at third-hand) are from the dark or middle ages, not the early period of Christianity. Grimestone had access to a large library, but it was not a particularly good library; I would guess it to have been a fairly new foundation. There are also references to Franciscan organizing documents.
Edward Wilson, A Descriptive Index of the English Lyrics in John of Grimestone's Preaching Book (Medium Aevum Monographs), Blackwell for the Society for the Study of Mediaeval Languages and Literature, 1973; print-on-demand version published 2015 (first lines, list of sources, Index of Middle Engish Verse numbers)
Johannes Pickhardt, Die religiöse Dichtung in John de Grimestone's Commonplace Book 1372, 1954
Siegfried Wenzel, Preachers, Poets, and the Early English Lyrics, Prnceton University Press, 1986 (pp. 101-173 are devoted to Grimestone)
Scans available at:
NLS Catalog Page: https://manuscripts.nls.uk/repositories/2/resources/15257.
- MSHarley541 -- London, British Library, MS. Harley 541. Date: XV-XVII. Scribe(s): unknown.
NOTES: A series of separate manuscripts collected in one volume. They were possibly assembled by Sir Simonds D'Ewes, who certainly was owner of at least one part. Several hands were involved in writing the manuscript (obviously, since the book was written over several centuries!); the hand that wrote the copies of both "Bring Us Good Ale" and "The Golden Carol (The Three Kings)" does not appear to have written anything apart from those verses. The rest of the book is very diverse: religious works, Welsh proverbs translated into Latin, French diplomatic works. Works on the Stanley family. Geographic works. Various London records. These show little signs of folk roots.
Sample page with some notes:
- MSLincolnThornton -- Lincoln, Lincoln Cathedral Library, MS. 91 (Thornton MS. 1). Date: XV. Scribe(s): Robert Thornton.
NOTES: One of two manuscripts copied by Robert Thornton (c. 1397-c. 1465?), one at London, one at Lincoln, hence this one is the "Lincoln Thornton Manuscript." The London manuscript is London, British Library, MS. Additional 31042. The Lincoln manuscript is generally considered the more interesting (the London manuscript has a higher proportion of religious advice). Between them, they are one of the most important sources of medieval romances and lyrics. They also contain a good deal of religious material, long and short -- Thornton seems to have been particularly fond of Richard Rolle, and also included several pieces by Walter Hilton (names almost forgotten today, but they were among the most important religious writers in medieval England).
It has been suggested that the manuscripts were written by about 1440, but this cannot be proved. It is quite clear that the manuscripts were assembled out of order -- Thornton wrote both at the same time, as exemplars came to him, with the two big books clearly intended to have several distinct sections. Thornton more than once added leaves to the quires in a particular section to bulk out that section. So we cannot assume, based simply on folio number, that Thornton copied a particular piece early or late in his career.
Our knowledge of Thornton himself is limited. His family was from East Newton in Yorkshire. They had founded a private chapel in 1397, implying that they were gentry, but other evidence hints that they were at the lower end of the range. We have a few date pegs: Robert's father Robert apparently died in 1418 (the effigies of Robert Sr. and his wife survive at Stonegrave Minster in Yorkshire; there is a photo on p. 264 of Fein & Johnston. But Robert Jr.'s own tomb was apparently demolished in a renovation in the 1860). Robert was an executor of the will of Richard Pickering in 1441. He was a collector of taxes in 1453. His son "William Thorneton of Yorke" died in 1487.
Editors have not been consistent in their assessment of the quality of Thornton's work (which can sometimes be compared against other copies, although much of what he transcribed does not exist elsewhere). Most seem to think he was not a particularly accurate copyist, and he was willing to make alterations in the dialect of his sources -- the dialect of the texts is not absolutely standardized, but it is clearly regularized. Still, he does not seem to have made too many deliberate alterations of substantive texts.
D. S. Brewer and A. E. B. Owen, The Thornton Manuscript (Lincoln Cathedral MS. 91), Scolar Press, 1975
Susanna Fein and Michael Johnston, editors, Robert Thornton and his Books: Essays on the Lincoln and London Thornton Manuscripts, Boydell and Brewer, 2014 (includes the fullest catalog currently available of all the items in both Thornton manuscripts, as well as essays about some of the contents)
John J. Thompson, Robert Thornton and the London Thornton Manuscript: British Library MS Additional 31042, Manuscript Studies 2, D. S. Brewer, 1987 (not much about this manuscript, but a lot about Thornton's scribal practice!)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lincoln_Thornton_Manuscript [better for the history of the manuscript's use than for its content; checked 10/10/2020]
Articles on on Stonegrave Minster:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stonegrave_Minster [including information on the Thorntons; checked 10/10/2020]
https://www.britainexpress.com/counties/yorkshire/churches/stonegrave-minster.htm [shows the tomb of Thornton's parents; checked 10/10/2020]
Thornton family autobiographies [significant only because Thomas Comber, a churchman, arranged for the Thornton Family to give their manuscript to Lincoln Cathedral; the family had already lost or given away the London manuscript]:
Alice Thornton (1626-1707); C. Jackson, editor The Autobiography of Mrs. Alice Thornton, of East Newton, Co. York, Surtees Society Publications, 1875 (rerprinted 2010)
Thomas Comber; C. E. Whiting, editor, The Autobiographies and Letters of Thomas Comber, Surtees Society Publications, 1946-1947 [Comber was the son-in-law of Alice Thornton].
- MSPageantShearmen -- Formerly Coventry; Thomas Sharp Collection; Birmingham Free Library, MS. [Burned 1879; no current catalog number]. Date: XV/XVI (of plays written XIV/XV). Scribe(s): [modern transcription by Thomas Sharp].
NOTES: A manuscript of the Mystery Play Cycle of Coventry.
The manuscript was in the possession of, and edited by, Thomas Sharp in the early nineteenth century; it eventually passed to the Free Reference Library of Birmingham, where it was burned in 1879.
The only surviving transcripts are those printed by Sharp and listed in the Bibliography; they are not thought to be very accurate. But since they are the only transcripts we have of the Coventry cycle (or, rather, of the parts Sharp deigned to print), we are forced to rely on them. There are very few songs in the manuscript, but since one of them is the famous "Coventry Carol," it is probably worth of notice. For more information, see the notes on "The Coventry Carol."
Thomas Sharp, The Pageant of the Sheremen and Taylors, in Coventry, as performed by them on the festival of Corpus Christi...., W. Reader, 1817 (an edition of just 12 copies, so don't bother looking for it!)
Thomas Sharp, Dissertation on the Pageants or Dramatic Mysteries, Anciently Performed at Canterbury, by the Trading Companies of that City, 1825
J. M. Manley, Specimens of Pre-Shakespearean Drama, 1897 (an emended text)
Hardin Craig, Two Coventry Corpus Christi Plays: 1 The Shearmen and Taylors' Pageant... and 2. The Weavers' Pageant, 2nd Edition, Early English Text Society, Oxford University Press, 1957 (uses primarily the text of Manley).
- MSPercyFolio -- London, British Library, MS. Additional 27879, The Percy Folio. Date: XVIII. Scribe(s): unknown.
NOTES: Discovered by Thomas Percy in the 1700s; it inspired him to publish his Reliques, though he made relatively little use of its contents -- and what he did use he often corrupted. Percy and his successors kept the volume secret until it was finally lured from them and given to the British Library, at about it was finally published by Hales and Furnival.
Furnival, who edited it with Hales, was referring to the extensive damage it has suffered when he called it "the shabby, grubby paper Percy folio." Not only is it dirty, but it is badly damaged, with many pages lost and some of the pages that survive having been torn. The modern binder also apparently cut off the tops and bottoms of a few leaves.
Although many of the contents are regarded as folk songs, there are also quite a few romances, and many of these give strong evidence of having been shortened -- where a parallel exists outside the Percy version, it is almost always much longer. In some cases, it is not clear whether an item should be regarded as a song or a romance.
The manuscript is not dated, but one of the songs, "The King Enjoys His Rights Again," refers to events of 1643, so it must be from that year or after. Even so, Furnival thinks the date to be around 1650, and would prefer a few years earlier to a few years later. Furnival thinks the scribe probably came from Lancashire, although he wrote at a time when dialect studies were not far advanced.
An additional oddity: Although the Folio dates from the seventeenth century, quite a few of its items are included in the Digital Index of Middle English Verse, or DIMEV (rather fewer are in the earlier Index of Middle English Verse, or IMEV). One might conjecture that this is because the DIMEV editors felt that the pieces in the Folio were edited versions of Middle English poems. Although I have cited IMEV and DIMEV numbers for the Percy Folio where I am aware of them, I do not use the MiddleEnglish tag in this case. - RBW
John W. Hales and Frederick J. Furnival, editors, Bishop Percy's Folio Manuscript, 3 volumes, Trübner and Co., 1867-1868
Frederick J. Furnival, editor, Bishop Percy's Folio Manuscript: Loose and Humorous Songs, (published by the editor), 1868
David C. Fowler, A Literary History of the Popular Ballad, Duke University Press, 1968 (extensive discussion, especially on pp. 132-182, of what the Percy Folio reveals about ballads and ballad-making)
Albert B. Friedman, The Ballad Revival, University of Chicago Press, 1961 (discussion of Percy, his methods, and the evolution of balladry as shown in the Folio).
- MSPorkington10 -- Aberystwyth, National Library of Wales, MS. Porkington 10 (now Brogyntyn MS ii.1; also Harlech MS. 10). Date: 1460-1480. Scribe(s): unknown.
NOTES: A very small manuscript, mixed paper and parchment, 5.5x4.25 inches. 221 folios. Multiple scribes. Brown/black and red ink with occasional blue. The earlier pages are much scuffed; those at the middle are in much better condition although many are stained near the spine. It has been suggested that it was copied in Shropshire, or at least in the northwest midland. The contents are very diverse:
- An astrological text and calendar (for 1461-1481)
- Romance: Sir Gawain and the Carle of Carlisle
- A treatise on plant-growing
- Sermons, homilies, religious works
- The Siege of Jerusalem
- Poetry of several sorts, humorous and advisory
- A selection of carols
- The Complaint of a Hare
Named for Brogyntyn/Porkington, where it was kept before it went to the National Library of Wales.
It has been suggested that it was compiled by one H. Hattun, but the evidence is incomplete.
Scans available at:
- MSRawlinsonD913 -- Oxford, Bodleian Library, MS. Rawlinson D.13 (Bodleian 13679). Date: XIV (first half). Scribe(s): unknown.
NOTES: This manuscript's designation is a bit confusing. Rawlinson D.13 is a collection of fragments (sometimes called the "Rawlinson Fragments") -- e.g. the same number is used for a manuscript of Chaucer's Treatise on the Astrolabe; there are also bits of Hoccleve, Lydgate's The Siege of Troy, the Roman de la Rose, and others. The primary interest is in a single leaf, usually designated folio 1. It contains several short poems (eleven or twelve, depending on who is counting). Most are in English, but two are French; it has been suggested that the slip was a minstrel's notebook. It is thought to have been written in the south of England in the first half of the fourteenth century. Several of the pieces appear to be very "folky," although as far as I know only one of them ("Maiden in the Mor Lay (The Maid of the Moor)") is referred to elsewhere, and even those references are dubious (see the notes to that song for background). "Icam of Irelaunde" is thought by some to be the oldest surviving dance-tune, and another item has been claimed as the earliest surviving drinking song, so the manuscript is of great historical significance.
Bequeathed to the Bodleian on the death of owner Richard Rawlinson in 1755.
J. A. Burrow, Essays on Medieval Literature, Clarendon Press (Oxford), 1984, pp. 1-26, "Poems Without Contexts: The Rawlinson Lyrics" (discusses the manuscript and gives a complete transcription)
John C. Hirsh, Medieval Lyric: Middle English Lyrics, Ballads, and Carols (Blackwell Publishing, 2005), cited in the Index as Hirsh-MedievalLyric-MiddleEnglishLyricsBalladsCarols, p. 74 (reduced so much as to be illegible, but it shows the layout of the page).
- MsRichardCalle -- Cambridge University Library, MS. Ee.4.35. Date: XV. Scribe(s): Richard Calle?.
NOTES: Manuscript owned by, and probably partly penned by, "Ricardo Calle," Richard Calle, known to have been a servant of the Paston Family of Norfolk, author of the Paston Letters; he married one of the daughters of the family, much against their will (they thought Calle a servant and below them).
For background on the manuscript, see the notes to "Robin Hood and the Potter" [Child 121].
Thomas H. Ohlgren, Robin Hood: The Early Poems, 1465-1560, Texts, Contexts, and Ideology, with an Appendix: The Dialects and Languages of Selected Robin Hood Poes by Lister M. Matheson, University of Delaware Press, 2007.
- MSRichardHill -- Oxford, Balliol College, MS. 354. Date: before 1537. Scribe(s): Almost certainly Richard Hill, although some have suggested that it was written for him.
NOTES: Compiled over a period of more than thirty years by Richard Hill, who gathered carols and songs, as well as sage advice and books of manners, plus material from Gower, Lydgate, Thomas More, and others, that struck his fancy -- a typical medieval "commonplace book." The Index of Middle English Verse and its supplement count 169 different pieces of Middle English and Early Modern English poetry within its covers. It also has some Latin and French poetry; it is claimed that a small section is in code.
The name of owner Richard Hill occurs several times in its covers, e.g. at the end of "Whan netillis in wynter bere rosis rede" we read "Explicit, quod Richard Hill." One of the most interesting notes reads "Iste liber pertineth Rycardo Hill seruant with Mr. Wynger alderman of London." We know that John Wingar/Wynger was a grocer who became Mayer of London in 1504 and died the next year. Thus Hill presumably started his book by 1505 (although the first dated entry is from 1508), and it is common to call him a grocer's assistant, though most of the book was written after he had become a grocer in his own right.
Other notes tell us that he was born in Hillend, Langley, Hertfordshire; that his wife was Margaret Wingar daughter of Henry Wingar (a haberdasher, but apparently the brother of John, so Hill married into his employer's family). He and Margaret had seven children between 1518 and 1526 (strangely, after having seven children in eight years, they seemingly had none thereafter), although it appears five did not reach adulthood. He became a freeman of London in 1508. (The mention of this occurs on folio 107, so presumably he had been writing in the book for quite some time before that.) In 1511, he became a grocer in his own right.
The last explicit date in the manuscript is from 1534, but the last datable entry in the chronology refers to events of November 1536, following the mayoral election of 1535 (which is also alluded to); this is only a few pages from the end, so it is unlikely that much was added after that. Thus its contents are entirely from the reigns of Henry VII and Henry VIII, mostly the latter, although Hill was likely born before Henry VII usurped the throne. There are some disapproving comments about Henry VIII's religious innovations, but they are not very explicit; this is another hint that little was added after the break with Rome became final. Hill nonetheless seems to have been more than conventionally pious; Parker, p. 50, refers to his "abiding and orthodox faith" and says that Hill's devotion is more evident in his book than in almost any other commonplace book.
When the book had mostly been written, Hill went back and wrote a table of contents, which he prefaced, "The Table of the contentes within this boke whiche is a book of diuers tales & ballettes & dyuers Reconynges &c." The "Reconynges" are the practical contents; the tales and ballads are more personal -- and we note that he called them "ballettes," not "songs" or the like. His ballads mostly are not what we would call "ballads," but most of what he calls "carols" meet our definition.
By one count, it contains 78 carols, of which 36, or almost half, are found elsewhere, notably in MSEngPoetE1 and MSSloane2593. Given the time interval between the latter manuscript and Hill's career, songs found in both are perhaps particularly likely to be traditional.
Listed as having 255 folios. Some pages are slightly damaged, e.g. the outermost folios have lost portions of the lower page. The pages are exceptionally tall in relation to their width: 11.5 x 4.25 inches; it is suggested that this format means that the blank manuscript was sold for use as an account ledger or a so-called "holster book." This is reinforced by the fact that all the pages have the same (unidentified) watermark, making it almost certain that the book was assembled as a unit. The pages margins are usually ruled; the lines are not, but typically there are 50-60 lines per page. Most pages are unornamented, although there are a few places where red ink is used. The script is small, neat, and typical of the early sixteenth century.
It was lost for many years before being found behind a bookcase c. 1850. (The records of this are sketchy, but it seems to have been discovered by 1855.)
There is no overall organization to the book, and indeed, Hill went back and made later additions to early pages, including in one case adding an additional quire which was never entirely filled in. Still, the order of the contents seems to indicate that Hill's interested changed over the years. Parker, pp. 47-48, suggests a dozen major sections (the summaries are mine, and I've added a few comments; in general I think Parker's divisions are right, but I disagree with some details):
1. Practical, literary, and religious contents (many recipes checklists, calendar lists; family notes; Parker suggests that Hill had a passion for lists and recipes, since it is unlikely that he ever used most of the ones he collected; Parker also thinks him very fond of riddles and puzzles)
2. Literary contents, e.g. the Seven Sages of Rome and items from Gower (also "The Friar and the Boy," which is much less exalted!)
3. Practical contents (a few more recipes, but in general it's more instruction lists, with a bit of Thomas More)
4. Latin religious material
5. The Siege of Rouen
6. Mostly business-related (I would say that #4 and #6 are probably of the same era, with The Siege of Rouen a slight interlude. One section has much information about French/English translation)
7. Literary contents, especially religious verse (a fair amount of this is from Lydgate)
8. Items related to international trade (much of it reckonings of costs and equivalences)
9. Miscellaneous household items, remedies, plus some literary material (instructions for paint and the like, but also some Dunbar and even Aristotle!)
10. Songs and carols (the distinction between #9 and #10 strikes me as a little vague; Hill started adding song toward the end of section 9 and gradually put in more and more until they dominated. But there is definitely a large block of songs starting on folio 219 and extending to folio 231; this is the section of most interest to folklorists)
11. Chronicle of London and other historical odds and ends (this seems to be derived from Arnold's Chronicle, with which Hill's manuscript has other links; see the notes to "The Nut-Brown Maid")
12. Secular lyrics; home remedies (a short section; these lyrics are much less folk-like than those in section 10).
Parker, p. 59, calls section 7 "some of the most celebrated verse in Middle England... [it is] what makes Hill's book so famous among literary scholars." Parker thinks Hill had a manuscript source for this section as he did for several others. There are a few folk carols here, but he thinks it mostly literary. The Corpus Christi Carol is in this part.
Roman Dyboski, Songs, Carols, and Other Miscellaneous Poems from the Balliol Ms. 354, Richard Hill's Commonplace Book, Kegan Paul, 1907 (there are now multiple print-on-demand reprints) (An edition of most of the poetry, with annotations)
David R. Parker, The Commonplace Book in Tudor London: An Examination of BL MSS Egerton 1995, Harley 2252, Lansdowne 762, and Oxford Balliol College MS354, University Press of America, 1998 (discusses Hill, his life, and the contents of his book)
Scans available at:
- MSSloane2593 -- London, British Library, MS. Sloane 2593. Date: early XV. Scribe(s): Johannes Bardel (Bradel?).
NOTES: The "Sloane Lyrics." 37 folios, mostly paper, very small format (5.75x4.375 inches). Pagination shows that 48 folios are missing at the beginning. Most of the material is in English, but there are a few Latin carols plus a few additions by a later hand. All the English carols are by a single scribe. It has been suggested that the manuscript is from Bury St. Edmunds. There are no tunes. For information and speculation about the manuscript, see the notes to "Robyn and Gandeleyn" [Child 115].
Of the 74 or 75 pieces it contains, as many as 57 have been estimated to be carols.
The name "Johannes Bardel" or "Bradel" is written on the last folio. It appears to be in the same hand as the rest of the manuscript, but not all experts list him as the scribe of the manuscript.
Thomas Wright, Songs and Carols, Publications of the Warton Club, iv, 1856 prints the entire manuscript.
Karin Boklund-Lagopoulou, 'I have a yong suster': Popular song and the Middle English Lyric, Four Courts Press, 2002 (Pp. 63-86 discuss the Sloane manuscript).
List of Authors and their Books
- Abbot, Francis H.: see Abbot/Swan-8Negro
- Abbott, O. J.: see Vikár/Panagapka-SongsNorthWoodsSungByOJAbbott
- Abernethy, Francis Edward: see Abernethy-SinginTexas
- Abrahams, Roger D.: see Abrahams/Foss-AngloAmericanFolksongStyle, Abrahams/Riddle-ASingerAndHerSongs, Abrahams-DeepTheWaterShallowTheShore
- Allen, William Francis: see Allen/Ware/Garrison-SlaveSongsUnitedStates
- Anderson, Hugh: see Anderson-ColonialMinstrel, Anderson-FarewellToOldEngland, Anderson-GoldrushSongster, Anderson-StoryOfAustralianFolksong, Anderson/Thatcher-GoldDiggersSongbook, Meredith/Anderson-FolkSongsOfAustralia
- Arkansas Woodchopper: see ArkansasWoodchopper
- Arnett, Hazel: see Arnett-IHearAmericaSinging
- Arnold, Byron: see Arnold-FolkSongsofAlabama
- Asch, Moses: see Dunson/Raim/Asch-AnthologyOfAmericanFolkMusic
- Ashton, John: see Ashton-RealSailorSongs
- Averill, Patricia: see Averill-CampSongsFolkSongs
- Bailey, Rona: see Bailey/Roth-ShantiesByTheWay-NZ
- Ballard, Elizabeth Flanders: see Flanders/Ballard/Brown/Barry-NewGreenMountainSongster
- Baring-Gould, Ceil: see Baring-Gould-AnnotatedMotherGoose
- Baring-Gould, William S.: see Baring-Gould-AnnotatedMotherGoose
- Barry, Phillips: see Barry/Eckstorm/Smyth-BritishBalladsFromMaine, Flanders/Ballard/Brown/Barry-NewGreenMountainSongster
- Barton, William E.: see Barton-OldPlantationHymns
- Beck, Earl Clifton: see Beck-TheyKnewPaulBunyan, Beck-LoreOfTheLumberCamps, Beck-SongsOfTheMichiganLumberjacks
- Beck, Horace P.: see Beck-FolkloreOfMaine
- Behan, Dominic: see Behan-IrelandSings
- Belden, H. M.: see Belden-BalladsSongsCollectedByMissourFolkloreSociety, Brown/Belden/Hudson-FrankCBrownCollectionNCFolklore2, Brown/Belden/Hudson-FrankCBrownCollectionNCFolklore3
- Bell, Robert: see Bell-Combined-EarlyBallads-CustomsBalladsSongsPeasantryEngland
- Bennett, Margaret: see Bennett/Downey-JeromeJustOneMoreSong
- Berry, Cecelia Ray: see Berry-FolkSongsOfOldVincennes
- Best, Anita: see Lehr/Best-ComeAndIWillSingYou
- Bethke, Robert D.: see Bethke-AdirondackVoices
- Bishop, Julia: see Roud/Bishop-NewPenguinBookOfEnglishFolkSongs
- Blondahl, Omar: see Blondahl-NewfoundlandersSing
- Blume, Helmut: see Fowke/Mills/Blume
- Boette, Marie: see Boette-SingaHipsyDoodle
- Bone, David W.: see Bone-CapstanBars
- Boni, Margaret Bradford: see Fireside-Book-of-Folk-Songs
- Boswell, George W: see Wolfe/Boswell-FolkSongsOfMiddleTennessee, Cox/Hercog/Halpert/Boswell-WVirginia
- Botkin: see Botkin-TreasuryOfAmericanFolklore, Botkin-TreasuryOfNewEnglandFolklore, Botkin-TreasuryMississippiRiverFolklore, Botkin/Harlow-TreasuryOfRailroadFolklore, Botkin-TreasuryOfSouthernFolklore
- Braham, David: see Finson-Edward-Harrigan-David-Braham
- Brand, Oscar: see Brand-BawdySeaSong
- Bregman: Adolph Bregman: see Coleman/Bregman-SongsOfAmericanFolks
- Brewster, Paul G.: see Brewster-BalladsAndSongsOfIndiana
- Bridge, Admiral Sir Cyprian: see Stone-SeaSongsAndBallads
- Broadwood, Lucy E.: see Broadwood-EnglishTraditionalSongsAndCarols, Broadwood/Maitland-EnglishCountySongs
- Brocklebank, Joan: see Brocklebank/Kindersley-DorsetBookOfFolkSongs
- Brockway, Howard: see Wyman/Brockway-LonesomeSongs-KentuckyMountains-Vol1, Wyman/Brockway-LonesomeSongs-KentuckyMountains-Vol2
- Bronner, Simon J.: see Bronner/Eskin-FolksongAlivePart1, Bronner/Eskin-FolksongAlivePart2
- Bronson, Bertrand: see Bronson, Bronson-SingingTraditionOfChildsPopularBallads
- Brophy, John: see Brophy/Partridge-TommiesSongsAndSlang
- Brown, Caroline Curtis: see Brown-MyGrandmothersSongbook
- Brown, Carleton: see Brown/Robbins-IndexOfMiddleEnglishVerse
- Brown, Frank C.: see Brown/Belden/Hudson-FrankCBrownCollectionNCFolklore2, Brown/Belden/Hudson-FrankCBrownCollectionNCFolklore3, Brown/Schinhan-FrankCBrownCollectionNCFolklore4, Brown/Schinhan-FrankCBrownCollectionNCFolklore5
- Brown, George: see Flanders/Brown-VermontFolkSongsAndBallads, Flanders/Ballard/Brown/Barry-NewGreenMountainSongster
- Brown, P.: see Meredith/Covell/Brown-FolkSongsOfAustraliaVol2
- Browne, John Paddy: see Browne-FolkSongsOfOldHampshire
- Browne, Ray B.: see Browne-AlabamaFolkLyric
- Brumley, Albert E.: see Brumley-LamplitinTimeInTheValley
- Buchan, David: see Buchan-ABookOfScottishBallads, Buchan/Moreira-TheGlenbuchatBallads
- Burt, Olive Woolly: see Burt-AmericanMurderBallads
- Burton, Thomas G.: see Burton-TennesseeTraditionalSingers, Burton/Manning-EastTennesseeStateCollectionVol1, Burton/Manning-EastTennesseeStateCollectionVol2
- Bush, Michael E.: see Bush-FSofCentralWestVirginiaVol1-Bush-FSofCentralWestVirginiaVol5
- Bushe, D. K.: see Smyth/Bush/Long-OrangeLark
- Butterworth, George: see Butterworth/Dawney-PloughboysGlory
- Byington, Robert H.: see Byington/Goldstein-TwoPennyBallads
- Cambiaire, Celestin Pierre: see Cambiaire-EastTennesseeWestVirginiaMountainBallads
- Campbell, Katherine: see Greig/Duncan8
- Caraway, Candie: see Carawan/Carawan-AintYouGotARight
- Caraway, Guy: see Carawan/Carawan-AintYouGotARight
- Carey, George G.: see Carey-MarylandFolkLegendsAndFolkSongs, Carey-MarylandFolkloreAndFolklife
- Carrière, Joseph Medard: see Berry-FolkSongsOfOldVincennes
- Cazden, Norman: see Cazden/Haufrecht/Studer-FolkSongsOfTheCatskills, Fowke-LumberingSongsFromTheNorthernWoods
- Chambers, E. K.: see Sidgwick/Chambers-EarlyEnglishLyrics
- Chambers, Robert: see Chambers-ScottishBallads
- Chappell, Louis W.: see Chappell-FolkSongsOfRoanokeAndTheAlbermarle
- Chappell, William: see Chappell-PopularMusicOfTheOldenTime, Chappell/Wooldridge-OldEnglishPopularMusic
- Chase, Richard: see Chase-AmericanFolkTalesAndSongs
- Chickering, Geraldine Jencks: see Gardner/Chickering-BalladsAndSongsOfSouthernMichigan
- Child, F. J.: see Child
- Cleveland, Bessie: see Dett/Fenner/Rathbun/Cleveland-ReligiousFolkSongsOfTheNegro-HamptonInstitute
- Cleveland, Les: see Cleveland-NZ-GreatNewZealandSongbook
- Coffin, Tristram P.: see Flanders-AncientBalladsTraditionallySungInNewEngland1, Flanders-AncientBalladsTraditionallySungInNewEngland2, Flanders-AncientBalladsTraditionallySungInNewEngland3,
- Cohen, John: see Cohen/Seeger/Wood-NewLostCityRamblersSongbook
- Cohen, Norm: see Cohen-AmericanFolkSongsARegionalEncyclopedia1, Cohen-AmericanFolkSongsARegionalEncyclopedia2, Cohen-LongSteelRail, Randolph/Cohen-OzarkFolksongs-Abridged
- Colcord, Joanna C: see Colcord-SongsOfAmericanSailormen
- Coleman, Satis N.: see Coleman/Bregman-SongsOfAmericanFolks
- Cologne, Celia: see Cologne/Morrison-WiltshireFolkSongs
- Colquhoun, Neil: see Colquhoun-NZ-Folksongs-SongOfAYoungCountry
- Combs, Josiah H.: see Combs/Wilgus-FolkSongsOfTheSouthernUnitedStates
- Copper, Bob: see Copper-ASongForEverySeason, Copper-SongsAndSouthernBreezes
- Courlander, Harold: see Courlander-NegroFolkMusic
- Cox, Gordon S. A.: see Cox-FolkMusicInANewfoundlandOutport
- Cox, John Harrington: see Cox-FolkSongsSouth, Cox/Hercog/Halpert/Boswell-WVirginia
- Covell, R.: see Meredith/Covell/Brown-FolkSongsOfAustraliaVol2
- Cray, Ed: see Cray, Cray-AshGrove
- Creighton, Helen: see Creighton-FolksongsFromSouthernNewBrunswick, Creighton-MaritimeFolkSongs, Creighton-SongsAndBalladsFromNovaScotia, Creighton/Senior-TraditionalSongsOfNovaScotia
- Croker, Thomas Crofton: see Croker-PopularSongsOfIreland
- Cronin, Elizabeth: see OCroinin/Cronin-TheSongsOfElizabethCronin
- Curtis-Burlin, Natalie: see Curtis-Burlin-NegroFolkSongs-TheHamptonSeries
- Cutler, John L.: see Brown/Robbins-IndexOfMiddleEnglishVerse
- Cutting, Edith E.: see Thompson-APioneerSongster
- Dallas, Karl: see Dallas-TheCruelWars-100SoldiersSongs
- Daniel, Harlan: see Ohrlin-HellBoundTrain
- Darling, Charles W: see Darling-NewAmericanSongster
- Davis, Arthur Kyle Jr.: see Davis-TraditionalBalladsOfVirginia, Davis-MoreTraditionalBalladsOfVirginia
- Dawney, Michael: see Butterworth/Dawney-PloughboysGlory
- Dean, M(ichael) C(assius): see Dean-FlyingCloud
- Dearmer, Percy: see Dearmer/VaughnWilliams/Shaw-OxfordBookOfCarols
- Deasy, Marian: see Munnelly/Deasy-TheMountCallanGarland-Tom-Lenihan
- Dett, R. Nathaniel: see Dett/Fenner/Rathbun/Cleveland-ReligiousFolkSongsOfTheNegro-HamptonInstitute
- Dibblee, Dorothy: see Dibblee/Dibblee-FolksongsFromPrinceEdwardIsland
- Dibblee, Randall: see Dibblee/Dibblee-FolksongsFromPrinceEdwardIsland
- Dixon, James Henry: see Dixon-AncientPoemsBalladsSongsOfThePeasantryOfEngland, Dixon-ScottishTraditionalVersionsOfAncientBallads; also Bell-Combined-EarlyBallads-CustomsBalladsSongsPeasantryEngland
- Doerflinger, William Main: see Doerflinger-SongsOfTheSailorAndLumberman
- Dolby, Karen: see Dolby-OrangesAndLemons
- Douglas, Sheila: see Greig/Duncan7
- Downey, Jerome: see Bennett/Downey-JeromeJustOneMoreSong
- Doyle, Gerald S.: see Doyle-OldTimeSongsAndPoetryOfNewfoundland
- Dunson, Josh: see Dunson/Raim/Asch-AnthologyOfAmericanFolkMusic
- Dykstra, Gretchen: see Rickaby/Dykstra/Leary-PineryBoys-SongsSongcatchingInLumberjackEra
- Eckstorm, Fannie Hardy: see Barry/Eckstorm/Smyth-BritishBalladsFromMaine. Eckstorm/Smyth-MinstrelsyOfMaine
- Eddy, Mary O.: see Eddy-BalladsAndSongsFromOhio
- Edwards, Charles L.: see Edwards-BahamaSongsAndStories
- Elder, J. D.: see Elder-FolkSongAndFolkLifeInCharlotteville, Elder-FolksongsFromTobago
- Elliot, Charles E.: see HarvardClassics-EnglishPoetryChaucerToGray
- Ellis, Vernon: see Pottie/Ellis-FolksongsOfTheMaritimes
- Emerson, Ken: see Emerson-StephenFosterAndCo
- English, L. E. F.: see England-HistoricNewfoundlandAndLabrador
- Erskine, Charles: see Erskine-TwentyYearsBeforeTheMast
- Eskin, Sam: see Bronner/Eskin-FolksongAlivePart1, Bronner/Eskin-FolksongAlivePart2
- Fahey, Warren: see Fahey-Eureka-SongsThatMadeAustralia, Fahey-Joe-Watson-AustralianTraditionalFolkSinger, Fahey-PintPotAndBilly, Paterson/Fahey/Seal-OldBushSongs-CentenaryEdition
- Fenner, Thomas P.: see Dett/Fenner/Rathbun/Cleveland-ReligiousFolkSongsOfTheNegro-HamptonInstitute
- Fife, Alta S.: see Thorp/Fife-SongsOfTheCowboys, Fife/Fife-CowboyAndWesternSongs
- Fife, Austin E.: see Thorp/Fife-SongsOfTheCowboys, Fife/Fife-CowboyAndWesternSongs
- Finger, Charles J.: see Finger-FrontierBallads
- Finson, Jon W.: see Finson-Edward-Harrigan-David-Braham
- Flanders, Helen Hartness: see Flanders-AncientBalladsTraditionallySungInNewEngland1, Flanders-AncientBalladsTraditionallySungInNewEngland2, Flanders-AncientBalladsTraditionallySungInNewEngland3, Flanders-AncientBalladsTraditionallySungInNewEngland4, Flanders-VermontChapBook, Flanders/Brown-VermontFolkSongsAndBallads, Flanders/Olney-BalladsMigrantInNewEngland, Flanders/Ballard/Brown/Barry-NewGreenMountainSongster, Flanders/Olney-BalladsMigrantInNewEngland
- Foner, Philip S.: see Foner-AmericanLaborSongsOfTheNineteenthCentury
- Ford, Robert: see Ford-VagabondSongsAndBalladsOfScotland
- Foss, George: see Abrahams/Foss-AngloAmericanFolksongStyle, Abrahams/Riddle-ASingerAndHerSongs
- Fowke, Edith: see Fowke-LumberingSongsFromTheNorthernWoods, Fowke-TraditionalSingersAndSongsFromOntario, Fowke/Johnston-FolkSongsOfCanada, Fowke/MacMillan-PenguinBookOfCanadianFolkSongs, Fowke/Mills/Blume-CanadasStoryInSong, Smith/Hatt/Fowke-SeaSongsBalladFromNineteenthCenturyNovaScotia, Vikár/Panagapka-SongsNorthWoodsSungByOJAbbott
- Frank, Stuart M.: see Frank-NewBookOfPirateSongs
- Friedman, Albert B.: see Friedman-Viking/PenguinBookOfFolkBallads
- Frye, John: see Frye-TheMenAllSinging
- Fuld, James J.: see Fuld-BookOfWorldFamousMusic
- Furnivall, Frederick J.: see Hales/Furnival-BishopPercysFolioManuscript
- Fuson, Harvey H.: see Fuson-BalladsOfTheKentuckyHighlands
- Gainer, Patrick W.: see Gainer-FolkSongsFromTheWestVirginiaHills
- Galvin, Patrick: see Galvin-IrishSongsOfResistance
- Gardham, Steve: see Gardham-EastRidingSongster
- Gardner, Emelyn Elizabeth: see Gardner/Chickering-BalladsAndSongsOfSouthernMichigan
- Garland, Phil: see Garland-FacesInTheFirelight-NZ
- Garrison, Lucy McKim: see Allen/Ware/Garrison-SlaveSongsUnitedStates
- Garrity-Blake, Barbara J.: see GarrityBlake-FishFactory
- Gatherer, Nigel: see Gatherer-SongsAndBalladsOfDundee
- Geller, James J.: see Geller-FamousSongsAndTheirStories
- Gentry, Jane Hicks: see Gentry/Smith-ASingerAmongSingers
- Gilbert, Douglas: see Gilbert-LostChords
- Girl Scouts [of the U. S. A.]: see GirlScouts-SingTogether
- Goldstein, Kenneth: see Byington/Goldstein-TwoPennyBallads
- Gosbee, Fred: see Lane/Gosbee-SongsOfShipsAndSailors
- Gower, Herschel: see Porter/Gower-Jeannie-Robertson-EmergentSingerTransformativeVoice
- Graham, Len: see Graham-Joe-Holmes-SongsMusicTraditionsOfAnUlsterman
- Graham, Neil: see Graham-TheOrangeSongster
- Gray, Roland Palmer: see Gray-SongsAndBalladsOfTheMaineLumberjacks
- Green, Archie: see Green-OnlyAMiner-RecordedCoalMiningSongs
- Green, Michael: see Morgan/Green-RugbySongs
- Greene, Richard Leighton: see Greene-TheEarlyEnglishCarols
- Greenleaf, Elizabeth Bristol: see Greenleaf/Mansfield-BalladsAndSeaSongsOfNewfoundland
- Greenway, John: see Greenway-AmericanFolksongsOfProtest
- Greig, Gavin: see Greig, Greig/Duncan1, Greig/Duncan2, Greig/Duncan3, Greig/Duncan4, Greig/Duncan5, Greig/Duncan6, Greig/Duncan7, Greig/Duncan8
- Grigson, Geoffrey: see Grigson-PenguinBookOfBallads
- Grimes, Anne: see Grimes-StoriesFromTheAnneGrimesCollection
- Grimm, Joe: see Walton/Grimm-Windjammers-SongsOfTheGreatLakesSailors
- Gundry, Inglis: see Gundry-CanowKernow-SongsDancesFromCornwall
- Gummere, Francis B.: see Gummere-OldEnglishBallads
- Guigné, Anne Kearney: see Guigné-ForgottenSongsOfTheNewfoundlandOutports
- Hales, John W.: see Hales/Furnival-BishopPercysFolioManuscript
- Hall, Peter A.: see Greig/Duncan3
- Halpert, Herbert: see Hudson-FolkTunesFromMississippi, Cox/Hercog/Halpert/Boswell-WVirginia
- Hamer, Fred: see Hamer-GarnersGay, Hamer-GreenGroves
- Hammond, David: see Hammond-SongsOfBelfast
- Handy, W. C.: see Handy/Silverman-BluesAnAnthology
- Harrigan, Edward: see Finson-Edward-Harrigan-David-Braham
- Harris, Amelia: see Lyle/McAlpine/McLucas-SongRepertoireOfAmeliaAndJaneHarris
Harris, Jane: see Lyle/McAlpine/McLucas-SongRepertoireOfAmeliaAndJaneHarris
- Harlow, Alvin F.: see Botkin/Harlow-TreasuryOfRailroadFolklore
- Harlow, Frederick Pease: see Harlow-ChantyingAboardAmericanShips
- Hatt, Fenwick: see Smith/Hatt/Fowke-SeaSongsBalladFromNineteenthCenturyNovaScotia
- Haufrecht, Herbert: see Cazden/Haufrecht/Studer-FolkSongsOfTheCatskills
- Hayward, H. Richard: see Hayward-UlsterSongsAndBalladsOfTheTownAndCountry
- Healy, James N.: see Healy-MercierBookOfOldIrishStreetBalladsVol2
- Henderson, W.: see Henderson-VictorianStreetBallads
- Henry, Mellinger Edward: see Henry-SongsSungInTheSouthernAppalachians
- Henry, Sam: see Henry/Huntingdon/Herman-SamHenrysSongsOfThePeople
- Herrmann, Lani: see Henry/Huntingdon/Herman-SamHenrysSongsOfThePeople
- Herzog, George: see Hudson-FolkTunesFromMississippi, Cox/Hercog/Halpert/Boswell-WVirginia
- High, Fred: see High-OldOldFolkSongs
- Hill, Lois: see Hill-PoemsAndSongsOfTheCivilWar
- Hirsh, John C.: see Hirsh-MedievalLyric-MiddleEnglishLyricsBalladsCarols
- Hodgart, Matthew: see Hodgart-FaberBookOfBallads
- Hogg, James: see Hogg-JacobiteRelicsOfScotlandVol1, Hogg-JacobiteRelicsOfScotlandVol2
- Hopkins, Anthony: see Hopkins-SongsFromTheFrontAndRead
- Hoskins, Robert H. B.: see Hoskins-GoldfieldBalladeer-LifeAndTimes-Charles-R-Thatcher, Hoskins/Thatcher-LifeOnTheGoldfields
- Hubbard, Lester A.: see Hubbard-BalladsAndSongsFromUtah
- Hudson, Arthur Palmer: see Brown/Belden/Hudson-FrankCBrownCollectionNCFolklore2, Brown/Belden/Hudson-FrankCBrownCollectionNCFolklore3, Hudson-FolksongsOfMississippi, Hudson-FolkTunesFromMississippi
- Hughes, Robert: see Sturgis/Hughes-SongsFromTheHillsOfVermont
- Hugill, Stan: see Hugill-ShantiesFromTheSevenSeas, Hugill-SongsOfTheSea
- Hunter, Andrew R.: see Greig/Duncan4, Greig/Duncan5
- Huntingdon, Gale: see Huntington-TheGam-MoreSongsWhalemenSang, Huntington-FolksongsFromMarthasVineyard, Huntington-SongsTheWhalemenSang, Henry/Huntingdon/Herman-SamHenrysSongsOfThePeople
- Ives, Edward D. "Sandy": see Ives-21FolksongsFromPrinceEdwardIsland, Ives-DriveDullCareAway-PrinceEdwardIsland, Ives-FolksongsFromMaine,
Ives-FolksongsOfNewBrunswick, Ives-Joe-Scott-TheWoodsmanSongmaker, Ives-LarryGorman
- Hutson, Katherine C.: see Hutson/Pinckney/Rutledge-SomeSongsTheNegroSang
- Jack, Albert: see Jack-PopGoesTheWeasel
- Jackson, Bruce: see Jackson-WakeUpDeadMan
- Jackson, Richard: see Jackson-PopularSongsOfNineteenthCenturyAmerica
- Jekyll, Walter: see Jekyll-JamaicanSongAndStory
- Johnson, John Henry: see Johnson-BawdyBalladsAndLustyLyrics
- Johnston, Richard: see Fowke/Johnston-FolkSongsOfCanada
- Jones, Loyal: see Jones-MinstrelOfTheAppalachians-Bascom-Lamar-Lunsford
- Joyner, Charles W.: see Joyner-FolkSongInSouthCarolina
- Karpeles, Maud: see Sharp-EnglishFolkSongsFromSouthernAppalachians, KarpelesCrystal, Karpeles-FolkSongsFromNewfoundland, Sharp/Karpeles-EightyEnglishFolkSongs
- Keesing, Nancy: see Stewart/Keesing-FavoriteAustralianBallads
- Kennedy, Peter: see Kennedy-FolksongsOfBritainAndIreland
- Kennedy-Fraser, Marjory: see Kennedy-Fraser/MacLeod-SongsOfTheHebrides
- Kidson, Frank: see Kidson-TraditionalTunes
- Killion, Ronald G.: see Killion/Waller-ATreasuryOfGeorgiaFolklore
- Kindersley, Biddie: see Brocklebank/Kindersley-DorsetBookOfFolkSongs
- Kinloch, George R.: see Kinloch-TheBalladBook
- Kinsey, Terry: see Kinsey-SongsOfTheSea
- Klusmann, Wes H.: see Zander/Klusmann-CampSongsNThings, Zander/Klusmann-CampSongsNThings
- Koch, William E.: see Sackett/Koch-KansasFolklore
- Korson, George: see Korson-MinstrelsOfTheMinePatch, Korson-PennsylvaniaSongsAndLegends
- Krythe, Maymie R.: see Krythe-SamplerOfAmericanSongs
- Lane, Julia: see Lane/Gosbee-SongsOfShipsAndSailors
- Larkin, Margaret: see Larkin-SingingCowboy
- Larkin, William A.: see Musick-JAF-TheOldAlbumOf-William-A-Larkin
- Lawrence, Very Brodsky: see Lawrence-MusicForPatriotsPoliticiansAndPresidents
- Laws, G. Malcolm: see Laws
- Leach, MacEdward: see Leach-FolkBalladsSongsOfLowerLabradorCoast, Leach-HeritageBookOfBallads, Leach-TheBalladBook
- Leary, James P.: see Rickaby/Dykstra/Leary-PineryBoys-SongsSongcatchingInLumberjackEra
- Leather, Ella Mary: see Leather-FolkLoreOfHerefordshire
- Legman, G.: see Randolph/Legman-RollMeInYourArms
- Lehr, Genevieve: see Lehr/Best-ComeAndIWillSingYou
- Lenihan, Tom: see Munnelly/Deasy-TheMountCallanGarland-Tom-Lenihan
- Lewis, Tina: see Lewis-FavoriteMichiganFolkSongs
- Leyden, Maurice: see Leyden-BelfastCityOfSong
- Linscott, Eloise Hubbard: see Linscott-FolkSongsOfOldNewEngland
- List, George: see List-SingingAboutIt-FolkSongsInSouthernIndiana
- Lloyd, A.L.: see VaughanWilliams/Lloyd-PenguinBookOfEnglishFolkSongs
- Logan, W.H.: see Logan-APedlarsPack
- Logson, Guy: see Logsdon-WhorehouseBellsWereRinging; also Thorp/Logsdon-SongsOfTheCowboys
- Lomax, Alan: see Lomax-FolkSongsOfNorthAmerica, Lomax/Lomax-AmericanBalladsAndFolkSongs, Lomax/Lomax-FolkSongUSA, Lomax/Lomax-OurSingingCountry
- Lomax, John A.: see Lomax/Lomax-AmericanBalladsAndFolkSongs, Lomax/Lomax-FolkSongUSA, Lomax/Lomax-OurSingingCountry
- Long, Canon W. E.: see Smyth/Bush/Long-OrangeLark
- Lunsford, Bascom Lamar: see Lunsford/Stringfield-30And1FolkSongsFromSouthernMountains
- Lyle, Emily B.: see Greig/Duncan1, Greig/Duncan2, Greig/Duncan3, Greig/Duncan4, Greig/Duncan5, Greig/Duncan6, Greig/Duncan7, Greig/Duncan8, Lyle/McAlpine/McLucas-SongRepertoireOfAmeliaAndJaneHarris, Lyle-Andrew-CrawfurdsCollectionVolume1, Lyle-Andrew-CrawfurdsCollectionVolume2
- Lyle, Katie Letcher: see Lyle-ScaldedToDeathByTheSteam
- MacColl, Ewan: see MacColl-PersonalChoice, MacColl-ShuttleAndCage-IndustrialFolkBallads, MacColl/Seeger-TravellersSongsFromEnglandAndScotland
- Mackenzie, W. Roy: see Mackenzie-BalladsAndSeaSongsFromNovaScotia
- Macleod, Kenneth: see Kennedy-Fraser/MacLeod-SongsOfTheHebrides
- MacLeod, Margaret Arnett: see MacLeod-SongsOfOldManitoba
- Maitland, J. R.: see Broadwood/Maitland-EnglishCountySongs
- MacMillan, Keith: see Fowke/MacMillan-PenguinBookOfCanadianFolkSongs
- Manifold, J. S.: see Manifold-PenguinAustralianSongbook
- Manning, Ambrose N.: see Burton/Manning-EastTennesseeStateCollectionVol1, Burton/Manning-EastTennesseeStateCollectionVol2
- Mansfield, Grace Yarrow: see Greenleaf/Mansfield-BalladsAndSeaSongsOfNewfoundland
- Manny, Louise: see Manny/Wilson-SongsOfMiramichi
- McAlpine, Kaye: see Lyle/McAlpine/McLucas-SongRepertoireOfAmeliaAndJaneHarris
- McBride, Jimmy: see McBride-FlowerOfDunaffHillAndMoreTradSongsInnishowen
- McIntosh, David S.: see McIntosh-FolkSongsAndSingingGamesofIllinoisOzarks
- McLucas, Anne Dhu: see Lyle/McAlpine/McLucas-SongRepertoireOfAmeliaAndJaneHarris
- McMorland, Alison: see McMorland/Scott-HerdLaddieOTheGlen
- McNeil, W.K.: see McNeil-SouthernFolkBalladsVol1, McNeil-SouthernFolkBalladsVol2, McNeil-SouthernMountainFolksong
- Meredith, John: see Meredith/Anderson-FolkSongsOfAustralia, Meredith/Covell/Brown-FolkSongsOfAustraliaVol2, Meredith/Scott-AuthenticAustralianBushBallads, Meredith/Tritton-DukeOfTheOutback
- Messerli, Douglas: see Messerli-ListenToTheMockingbird
- Mills, Alan: see Fowke/Mills/Blume-CanadasStoryInSong, Mills-FavoriteSongsOfNewfoundland
- Montgomerie, Norah: see Montgomerie/Montgomerie-ScottishNurseryRhymes
- Montgomerie, William: see Montgomerie/Montgomerie-ScottishNurseryRhymes
- Moore, Chauncey O.: see Moore/Moore-BalladsAndFolkSongsOfTheSouthwest
- Moore, Douglas S.: see Niles/Moore-SongsMyMotherNeverTaughtMe
- Moore, Ethel: see Moore/Moore-BalladsAndFolkSongsOfTheSouthwest
- Moore, Thomas: see Moore-IrishMelodies-1846
- Moreira, James: see Buchan/Moreira-TheGlenbuchatBallads
- Morgan, Gwendolyn A.: see Morgan-MedievalBallads-ChivalryRomanceAndEverydayLife
- Morgan, Michael: see Morgan/Green-RugbySongs
- Morris, Alton C.: see Morris-FolksongsOfFlorida
- Morrison, Jean: see Cologne/Morrison-WiltshireFolkSongs
- Mortin, Robin: see Morton/Maguire-ComeDayGoDayGodSendSunday, Morton-FolksongsSungInUlster
- Moylan, Terry: see Moylan-TheAgeOfRevolution-1776-1815
- Munnelly, Tom: see Munnelly/Deasy-TheMountCallanGarland-Tom-Lenihan
- Murdock, Lee: see Walton/Grimm-Windjammers-SongsOfTheGreatLakesSailors
- Murray, Tom: see Murray-FolkSongsOfJamaica
- Musick, Ruth Ann: see Musick-JAF-TheOldAlbumOf-William-A-Larkin
- National Society of the Colonial Dames of America: see Colonial-Dames-AmericanWarSongs
- Neely, Charles: see Neely/Spargo-TalesAndSongsOfSouthernIllinois
- Newell, William Wells: see Newell-GamesAndSongsOfAmericanChildren
- Niles, John Jacob: see Niles-BalladBookOfJohnJacobNiles, Niles/Moore-SongsMyMotherNeverTaughtMe
- O Boyle, Sean: see OBoyle-TheIrishSongTradition
- O Canainn, Tomas: see OCanainn-SongsOfCork
- O'Conor, Manus: see O'Conor-OldTimeSongsAndBalladOfIreland
- O Croinin, Daibhi: see OCroinin/Cronin-TheSongsOfElizabethCronin
- Ohrlin, Glen: see Ohrlin-HellBoundTrain
- Olney, Marguerite: see Flanders/Olney-BalladsMigrantInNewEngland
- O Lochlainn, Colm: see OLochlainn-IrishStreetBallads, OLochlainn-MoreIrishStreetBallads
- Olson, W. Bruce: see Olson-BroadsideBalladIndex
- Opie, Peter and Iona: see Opie/Opie-TheSingingGame, Opie/Opie-OxfordDictionaryOfNurseryRhymes
- Ord, John: see Ord-BothySongsAndBallads
- O'Shaughnessy, Patrick: see OShaughnessy/Grainger-TwentyOneLincolnshireFolkSongs,
OShaughnessy-MoreFolkSongsFromLincolnshire, OShaughnessy-YellowbellyBalladsPart1, OShaughnessy-YellowbellyBalladsPart2
- Ossenbrink, Luther: see ArkansasWoodchopper
- Owens, William A.: see Owens-TexasFolkSongs-1ed, Owens-TexasFolkSongs-2ed
- Palmer, Roy: see Palmer-EnglishCountrySongbook, Palmer-ThePainfulPlow, Palmer-OxfordBookOfSeaSongs, Palmer-FolkSongsCollectedBy-Ralph-VaughanWilliams
- Panagapka, Jeanette: see Vikár/Panagapka-SongsNorthWoodsSungByOJAbbott
- Pankake, Jon: see Pankake/Pankake-PrairieHomeCompanionFolkSongBook
- Pankake, Marcia: see Pankake/Pankake-PrairieHomeCompanionFolkSongBook
- Parrish, Lydia: see Parrish-SlaveSongsOfTheGeorgiaSeaIslands
- Partridge, Eric: see Brophy/Partridge-TommiesSongsAndSlang
- Paterson, A.B. "Banjo": see Paterson/Fahey/Seal-OldBushSongs-CentenaryEdition
- Peacock, Kenneth: see Peacock, PeacockCDROM; also Guigné-ForgottenSongsOfTheNewfoundlandOutports
- Percy, Thomas: see Percy/Wheatley-ReliquesOfAncientEnglishPoetry
- Peters, Harry B.: see Peters-FolkSongsOutOfWisconsin
- Petrie, Elaine: see Greig/Duncan6
- Pinckney, Josephine C.: see Hutson/Pinckney/Rutledge-SomeSongsTheNegroSang
- Porter, James: see Porter/Gower-Jeannie-Robertson-EmergentSingerTransformativeVoice
- Pottie, Kay: see Pottie/Ellis-FolksongsOfTheMaritimes
- Pound, Louise: see Pound-AmericanBalladsAndSongs
- Purslow, Frank: see Purslow-TheConstantLovers
- Quiller-Couch, Arthur: see Quiller-Couch-OxfordBookOfBallads
- Rabson, Caroline: see Rabson-SongbookOfTheAmericanRevolution
- Raim, Ethel: see Dunson/Raim/Asch-AnthologyOfAmericanFolkMusic; also Seeger-AmericanFavoriteBallads
- Randolph, Vance: see Randolph, Randolph/Cohen-OzarkFolksongs-Abridged, Randolph/Legman-RollMeInYourArms
- Ranson, Joseph: see Ranson-SongsOfTheWexfordCoast
- Rathbun, Frederic G.: see Dett/Fenner/Rathbun/Cleveland-ReligiousFolkSongsOfTheNegro-HamptonInstitute
- Reay, Samuel: see Stokoe/Reay-SongsAndBalladsOfNorthernEngland
- Reeves, James: see Reeves-TheEverlastingCircle, Reeves/Sharp-TheIdiomOfThePeople
- Richardson, Ethel Park: see Richardson/Spaeth-AmericanMountainSongs
- Richmond, W. Edson: see Wolford/Richmond/Tillson-PlayPartyInIndiana
- Rickaby, Franz: see Rickaby-BalladsAndSongsOfTheShantyBoy, Rickaby/Dykstra/Leary-PineryBoys-SongsSongcatchingInLumberjackEra
- Rickert, Edith: see Rickert-AncientEnglishChristmasCarols
- Riddle, Almeda: see Abrahams/Riddle-ASingerAndHerSongs
- Rimbault, Edward F.: see Rimbault-Musical IllustrationsOfBishopPercysReliques
- Ritchie, Jean: see Ritchie-FolkSongsOfTheSouthernAppalachians, Ritchie-SingingFamilyOfTheCumberlands
- Ritson, Joseph: see Ritson-AncientSongsBalladsFromHenrySecondToTheRevolution, Ritson-RobinHood
- Rieuwerts, Sigrid: see Riewerts-BalladRepertoireOfAnnaGordon-MrsBrownOfFalkland
- Robbins, Rossell Hope: see Brown/Robbins-IndexOfMiddleEnglishVerse
- Roberts, Leonard: see Roberts-SangBranchSettlers
- Roberts, Marion A.: see ChansonsDeNotreChalet
- Rodeheaver, Homer A.: see Rodeheaver-SociabilitySongs
- Root, George F.: see Root-StoryOfAMusicalLife-GeorgeFRoot
- Roote, Deane L.: see Saunders/Root-MusicOfStephenCFoster-Vol2
- Rorrer, Kinney: see Rorrer-RamblingBlues-LifeAndSongsOfCharliePoole
- Rosenbaum, Art: see Rosenbaum-FolkVisionsAndVoices
- Roth, Herbert: see Bailey/Roth-ShantiesByTheWay-NZ
- Roud, Steve: see Roud, Roud/Bishop-NewPenguinBookOfEnglishFolkSongs
- Rutledge, Caroline Pinckney: see Hutson/Pinckney/Rutledge-SomeSongsTheNegroSang
- Ryan, Shannon: see Ryan/Small-HaulinRopeAndGaff
- Sackett, S. J.: see Sackett/Koch-KansasFolklore
- Saffel, Julie: see Saffel-CowboyPoetry
- Salt, Elizabeth Anne: see Salt-BuckeyeHeritage-OhiosHistory
- Sandburg, Carl: see Sandburg-TheAmericanSongbag
- Sanders, Mary A(lison): see Sanders-SingHighSingLow
- Saunders, Steven: see Saunders/Root-MusicOfStephenCFoster-Vol2
- Scarborough, Dorothy: see Scarborough-ASongCatcherInSouthernMountains, Scarborough-OnTheTrailOfNegroFolkSongs
- Schinhan, Jan Philip: see Brown/Schinhan-FrankCBrownCollectionNCFolklore4, Brown/Schinhan-FrankCBrownCollectionNCFolklore5
- Scott, Alan: see Meredith/Scott-AuthenticAustralianBushBallads, Scott-ACollectorsNotebook-31TraditionalSongs
- Scott, Harold: see Scott-EnglishSongBook
- Scott, John Anthony: see Scott-TheBalladOfAmerica
- Scott, Rev. Robert: see Buchan/Moreira-TheGlenbuchatBallads
- Scott, Willie: see McMorland/Scott-HerdLaddieOTheGlen
- Seal, Graham: see Paterson/Fahey/Seal-OldBushSongs-CentenaryEdition
- Seeger, Charles: see Lomax/Lomax-FolkSongUSA
- Seeger, Mike: see Cohen/Seeger/Wood-NewLostCityRamblersSongbook
- Seeger, Ruth: see Lomax/Lomax-FolkSongUSA, Lomax/Lomax-OurSingingCountry
- Seeger, Peggy: see MacColl/Seeger-TravellersSongsFromEnglandAndScotland
- Seeger, Pete: see Seeger-AmericanFavoriteBallads
- Senior, Doreen H.: see Creighton/Senior-TraditionalSongsOfNovaScotia
- Sharp, Cecil: see Reeves/Sharp-TheIdiomOfThePeople, Sharp-EnglishFolkSongsFromSouthernAppalachians, Sharp-OneHundredEnglishFolksongs, Sharp-EnglishFolkChanteys, Sharp/Karpeles-EightyEnglishFolkSongs
- Shay, Frank: see Shay-AmericanSeaSongsAndChanteys, Shay-BarroomBallads/PiousFriendsDrunkenCompanions
- Shaw, Martin: see Dearmer/VaughnWilliams/Shaw-OxfordBookOfCarols
- Shellans, Herbert: see Shellans-FolkSongsOfTheBlueRidgeMountains
- Shoemaker, Henry W.: see Shoemaker-MountainMinstrelsyOfPennsylvania
- Shuldham-Shaw, Patrick: see Greig/Duncan1, Greig/Duncan2, Greig/Duncan3, Greig/Duncan4, Greig/Duncan5, Greig/Duncan6, Greig/Duncan7, Greig/Duncan8
- Sidgwick, Frank: see Sidgwick/Chambers-EarlyEnglishLyrics
- Silber, Fred: see Silber/Silber-FolksingersWordbook
- Silber, Irwin: see Silber-SoldierSongsAndHomeFrontBalladsOfCivilWar, Silber-SongsOfTheCivilWar, Silber/Silber-FolksingersWordbook; also Seeger-AmericanFavoriteBallads
- Silverman, Jerry: see Handy/Silverman-BluesAnAnthology
- Skean, Marion Holcomb: see Skean-CircleLeft-FolkPlayOfKentuckyMountains
- Small, Larry: see Ryan/Small-HaulinRopeAndGaff
- Smith, Betty N.: see Gentry/Smith-ASingerAmongSingers
- Smith, Reed: see Smith-SouthCarolinaBallads
- Smith, William H.: see Smith/Hatt/Fowke-SeaSongsBalladFromNineteenthCenturyNovaScotia
- Smyth, Mary Winslow: see Barry/Eckstorm/Smyth-BritishBalladsFromMaine, Eckstorm/Smyth-MinstrelsyOfMaine
- Smyth, Stephen: see Smyth/Bush/Long-OrangeLark
- Solomon, Jack: see Solomon-ZickaryZan
- Solomon, Olivia: see Solomon-ZickaryZan
- Spaeth, Sigmund: see Spaeth-ReadEmAndWeep, Spaeth-WeepSomeMoreMyLady
- Spargo, John Webster: see Neely/Spargo-TalesAndSongsOfSouthernIllinois
- Spurgeon, Alan L.: see Spurgeon-WaltzTheHall-AmericanPlayParty
- Stevick, Robert D.: see Stevick-OneHundredMiddleEnglishLyrics
- Stewart, Douglas: see Stewart/Keesing-FavoriteAustralianBallads
- Stewart, Sheila: see Stewart/Belle-Stewart-QueenAmangTheHeather
- Stone, Christopher: see Stone-SeaSongsAndBallads
- Stout, Earl J.: see Stout-FolkloreFromIowa
- Studer, Norman: see Cazden/Haufrecht/Studer-FolkSongsOfTheCatskills
- Sturgis, Edith B.: see Sturgis/Hughes-SongsFromTheHillsOfVermont
- Stokoe, John: see Stokoe/Reay-SongsAndBalladsOfNorthernEngland
- Stringfield, Lamar: see Lunsford/Stringfield-30And1FolkSongsFromSouthernMountains
- Sulzer, Elmer Griffith: see Sulzer-TwentyFiveKentuckyFolkBallads
- Sumner, Heywood: see Sumner-TheBesomMaker
- Sutton-Smith, Brian: see Sutton-Smith-NZ-GamesOfNewZealandChilden/FolkgamesOfChildren
- Swan, Alfred H.: see Abbot/Swan-8Negro
- Tawney, Cyril: see Tawney-GreyFunnelLines-RoyalNavy
- Terry, Richard Runciman: see Terry-TheShantyBook-Part1
- Thatcher, Charles R.: see Thatcher-ColonialMinstrel-Songsters, Hoskins/Thatcher-LifeOnTheGoldfields; also Anderson-GoldrushSongster, Anderson/Thatcher-GoldDiggersSongbook, Hoskins-GoldfieldBalladeer-LifeAndTimes-Charles-R-Thatcher (collections of Thatcher songs by others)
- Thomas, Jean: see Thomas-BalladMakingInMountainsOfKentucky, Thomas-DevilsDitties
- Thompson, Harold W.: see Thompson-BodyBootsAndBritches-NewYorkStateFolktales, Thompson-APioneerSongster
- Thorp, N. Howard ("Jack"): see Thorp/Fife-SongsOfTheCowboys, Thorp/Logsdon-SongsOfTheCowboys
- Tillson, William: see Wolford/Richmond/Tillson-PlayPartyInIndiana
- Tinsley, Jim Bob: see Tinsley-HeWasSinginThisSong
- Tobitt, Janet E.: see Tobitt-TheDittyBag, Tobitt-SkipToMyLou, Tobitt-YoursForASong
- Trent-Johns, Altona: see Trent-Johns-PlaySongsOfTheDeepSouth
- Tritton, Duke: see Meredith/Tritton-DukeOfTheOutback
- Tunney, Paddy: see Tunney-WhereSongsDoThunder, Tunney-StoneFiddle
- Vaughan Williams, Ralph: see Dearmer/VaughnWilliams/Shaw-OxfordBookOfCarols, VaughanWilliams/Lloyd-PenguinBookOfEnglishFolkSongs
- Vikár, László: see Vikár/Panagapka-SongsNorthWoodsSungByOJAbbott
- Waller, Charles T.: see Killion/Waller-ATreasuryOfGeorgiaFolklore
- Walton, Ivan H.: see Walton/Grimm-Windjammers-SongsOfTheGreatLakesSailors
- Ward, Russel: see Ward-PenguinBookOfAustralianBallads
- Ware, Charles Pickard: see Allen/Ware/Garrison-SlaveSongsUnitedStates
- Warner, Anne (& Frank): see Warner-TraditionalAmericanFolkSongsFromAnneAndFrankWarnerColl
- Warner, Frank: see Warner-FolkSongsAndBalladsOfTheEasternSeaboard
- Warren, Gwendolin Sims: see Warren-EveryTimeIFeelTheSpirit
- Watson, Joe (informant): see Fahey-Joe-Watson-AustralianTraditionalFolkSinger
- Wells, Evelyn Kendrick.: see Wells-TheBalladTree
- Welsch, Roger L.: see Welsch-NebraskaPioneerLore
- Wheatley, Henry B.: see Percy/Wheatley-ReliquesOfAncientEnglishPoetry
- Wheeler, Mary: see Wheeler-SteamboatinDays
- Whitelaw, Alexander: see Whitelaw-BookOfScottishBallads, Whitelaw-BookOfScottishSong
- Whiting, Bartlett Jere: see Whiting-TraditionalBritishBallads
- Wildridge, Chris: see Williams-Wiltshire-WSRO
- Wilgus, D. K.: see Combs/Wilgus-FolkSongsOfTheSouthernUnitedStates
- Williams, Alfred: see Williams-FolkSongsOfTheUpperThames
- Williams, R. Vaughan: see Dearmer/VaughnWilliams/Shaw-OxfordBookOfCarols, VaughanWilliams/Lloyd-PenguinBookOfEnglishFolkSongs, Palmer-FolkSongsCollectedBy-Ralph-VaughanWilliams
- Wilson, James Reginals: see Manny/Wilson-SongsOfMiramichi
- Winstock, Lewis: see Winstock-SongsAndMusicOfTheRedcoats
- Wolf, Edwin 2nd: see Wolf-AmericanSongSheets
- Wolfe, Charles K.: see Wolfe/Boswell-FolkSongsOfMiddleTennessee
- Wolford, Leah Jackson: see Wolford-ThePlayPartyInIndiana, Wolford/Richmond/Tillson-PlayPartyInIndiana
- Wood, Hally: see Cohen/Seeger/Wood-NewLostCityRamblersSongbook
- Wooldridge, H. Ellis: see Chappell/Wooldridge-OldEnglishPopularMusic
- Work, Bertram G.: see Work-SongsOf-Henry-Clay-Work
- Work, Henry Clay: see Work-SongsOf-Henry-Clay-Work
- Work, John Wesley: see Work-FolkSongOfTheAmericanNegro
- Wyman, Lorraine: see Wyman/Brockway-LonesomeSongs-KentuckyMountains-Vol1, Wyman/Brockway-LonesomeSongs-KentuckyMountains-Vol2
- Zander, Carl E.: see Zander/Klusmann-CampSongsNThings, Zander/Klusmann-CampSongsNThings
- Zanzig, Augustus D.: see 33MuchLovedSongs, 48MuchLovedFolkSongs
- Zimmerman, Georges Denis: see Zimmerman-SongsOfIrishRebellion
List of Indexers and Books Indexed
- Ed Cray -- Cray-EroticMuse,
- David G. Engle -- Porter/Gower-Jeannie-Robertson-EmergentSingerTransformativeVoice
- Scott Hadley -- Doyle-OldTimeSongsAndPoetryOfNewfoundland (2nd edition)
- Karen Kaplan -- Child (some descriptions)
- Susan Lawlor -- Colcord-SongsOfAmericanSailormen,
- Becky Nankivell -- Creighton/Senior-TraditionalSongsOfNovaScotia
- Nathan Rose --
Child (some descriptions),
- Abby Sale -- Bronson
- Bennett Schwartz --
Doyle-OldTimeSongsAndPoetryOfNewfoundland (3rd edition),
- Paul J. Stamler --
Kennedy-FolksongsOfBritainAndIreland❖ (with Robert B. Waltz),
- Robert B. Waltz --
Doyle-OldTimeSongsAndPoetryOfNewfoundland (4th edition),
Doyle-OldTimeSongsAndPoetryOfNewfoundland (5th edition),
Kennedy-FolksongsOfBritainAndIreland❖ (with Paul J. Stamler),
Silber/Silber-FolksingersWordbook (with Paul J. Stamler),
Initials of Contributors to the Notes
- AF -- Adam Frost
- AS -- Abby Sale
- BN -- Becky Nankivell
- BS -- Bennett Schwartz
- DGE -- David G. Engle
- EC -- Ed Cray
- JD -- Jim Dixon
- JG -- John Garst
- JL -- Jonathan Lighter
- JM -- John Moulden
- KK -- Karen Kaplan
- KM -- Keith McKenry
- MC -- Michael Cooney
- MG -- Martin Graebe
- MS -- Murray Shoolbraid
- NR -- Nathan Rose
- PJS -- Paul J. Stamler
- RBW -- Robert B. Waltz
- SF -- Susan Friedman
- SH -- Scott Hadley
- SHi -- Sam Hinton
- SL -- Susan Lawlor
- WBO -- W. Bruce Olson
The Ballad Index is copyright © 2022 by Robert B. Waltz and David